✅ Comment faire – 10-K Form American Resources Corp.: 31 décembre

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ÉTATS-UNIS

SECURITES ET COMITE

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORMULAIRE 10-K

(Mark One)

x RAPPORT ANNUEL DES ACTIVITÉS DE VALEURS MOBILIÈRES DE 1934 13

Pour l'exercice terminé 31 décembre 2018

¨ RAPPORT GÉNÉRAL 1934

Pour la période de transition entre ____________ et _____________

Le numéro de dossier de la Commission 000-55456

SOCIÉTÉ DES RESSOURCES AMÉRICAINES

(Nom exact du titulaire tel que spécifié dans la charte)

Floride

46-3914127

(Etat ou juridiction de l'Etat). T. Installation ou organisation

(Numéro d'identification d'employeur I.R.S)

Barre technologique 9002

Pêcheurs, indiana

46 038

(Adresse des principaux bureaux exécutifs)

(Zip)

Numéro de téléphone du titulaire, y compris l'indicatif régional: 317-855-9926

Titres inscrits en vertu de l’article 12 b) de la loi sur les échanges:

Nom de chaque classe Le nom de chaque échange sur lequel il est enregistré

Aucun N / A

Titres enregistrés en vertu de l’article 12 (g) de la loi sur les échanges

Actions ordinaires, valeur nominale 0,0001 $

(Titre de la classe)

Vérifiez si l'inscrit est un émetteur expérimenté notoire conformément à la règle 405 de la loi sur les valeurs mobilières. ¨ oui x pas

Vérifiez que le déclarant n'a pas à soumettre de rapport conformément à l'article 13 ou à l'article 15, point d), de la loi sur les échanges. ¨ oui x pas

Vérifiez si le déclarant (1) a soumis tous les rapports soumis conformément aux articles 13 ou 15 de la Securities Exchange Act de 1934 pour les 12 derniers mois (ou pour une période plus courte pour laquelle le déclarant était obligé) ces rapports), et (2) ont été soumis à ces obligations de déclaration au cours des 90 derniers jours. x oui ¨ pas

Cochez la case pour indiquer que le déclarant a soumis tous les fichiers de données interactifs, qui doivent être soumis et publiés conformément à la règle 405 du règlement ST (paragraphe 232.405 du présent chapitre) au cours des 12 derniers mois, soit électroniquement, soit sur le site Web de l'entreprise. pendant une période plus courte avant que le déclarant puisse soumettre et publier). x oui ¨ pas

Vérifiez si la publication de l'article 405 du CC (article 229.405 du présent chapitre) n'est pas incluse dans le présent décret et n'est pas conforme aux dispositions de l'article III. ou toute modification apportée au formulaire 10-K. ¨ oui ¨ pas

Cochez la case pour vous assurer que le titulaire est un grand déposant accéléré, un déposant accéléré, un déposant non accéléré ou une petite société déclarante. Voir les définitions de "High Accelerated Filer", "Accelerated File" "Petite société déclarante" dans Exchange Act 12b-2. Par règlement.

Grand classeur accéléré

¨

Filer accéléré

¨

Pas un déposant accéléré

¨

Petite entreprise déclarante

x

(Ne vous assurez pas une petite entreprise)

Société de croissance émergente

x

Si vous êtes une société en croissance émergente, cochez la case si l'inscrit a décidé de ne pas utiliser la période de transition prolongée pour se conformer aux normes de comptabilité financière nouvelles ou révisées en vertu de la section 13 (a) de la Loi sur les échanges. ¨

Cochez la case correspondant à la société écran d’enregistrement (conformément à la règle 12b-2 de la Loi). ¨ oui x pas

Entrez la valeur de marché globale du capital-droit de vote et de vote des non-filiales, calculée par référence à la dernière vente du capital commun ou au cours acheteur et vendeur moyen de ce capital commun, le dernier jour ouvrable du dernier trimestre complété de l'inscrit. 1 370 851 $

Indiquez le nombre d'actions dans chaque catégorie de la personne inscrite à partir de la dernière date disponible.

Le 2 avril 2019, le nombre total d'actions émises par l'émetteur, d'une valeur nominale de 201 000 HUF, était de 23 316 197 actions.

DOCUMENTS DE RÉFÉRENCE

Les documents suivants sont énumérés ci-dessous, s'ils sont incorporés par référence, et une partie du formulaire 10-K (par exemple, partie I, partie II, etc.) auxquels ils sont joints: (1) tout rapport annuel aux détenteurs de valeurs mobilières; (2) toutes les déclarations autorisées ou à divulguer; et (3) le prospectus déposé conformément à la règle 424 (b) ou (c) déposé en vertu de la Securities Act of 1933. Les documents énumérés doivent être clairement décrits aux fins d’identification (par exemple, rapport annuel aux propriétaires financiers pour l’exercice clos le 24 décembre). 1980).

UN SEM

SOCIÉTÉ DES RESSOURCES AMÉRICAINES

RAPPORT ANNUEL SUR LE 10 FORMULAIRE

Fin de l'exercice au 31 décembre 2018

TABLE DES MATIÈRES

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Commentaire spécifique sur les déclarations prospectives.

Ceci est le rapport annuel sur American Forces Corporation 10-K pour l'année se terminant le 31 décembre 2018, en vertu de l'article 27A de la loi de 1933 sur les valeurs mobilières. L’article 21E de la loi sur l’échange de valeurs mobilières a été modifié. le décret modifié de 1934, qui est couvert par les zones de sécurité qu'il a établies. Si ces déclarations ne constituent pas une récidive de facteurs historiques, elles constituent des déclarations prospectives qui, par définition, comportent des risques et des incertitudes. En particulier, les déclarations de section; La description de l’entreprise, la discussion de la direction et l’analyse de la situation financière ainsi que les résultats de l’entreprise contiennent des déclarations prospectives. Lorsque, dans ses déclarations futures, la société exprime des attentes ou des convictions concernant des résultats ou des événements futurs, celles-ci sont exprimées de bonne foi et estiment avoir une base raisonnable, mais ne peuvent être certaines que le résultat ou la réalisation de la déclaration ou des convictions est: ou la mise en œuvre.

Les facteurs suivants peuvent être très différents des résultats ou événements attendus et peuvent inclure, sans toutefois s'y limiter, la conjoncture économique, financière et commerciale générale; les changements et le respect de la réglementation gouvernementale; modifications des lois fiscales; et les coûts et les effets des procédures judiciaires.

Ce rapport annuel ne peut s’appuyer sur des déclarations prospectives. Ce rapport annuel contient des prévisions comportant des risques et des incertitudes. Pour identifier de telles déclarations prospectives, nous utilisons des mots tels que "prédictions", "croyances", "plans", "attentes", "avenir", "intentionnellement" et des expressions similaires. Les investisseurs potentiels ne doivent pas se fier de manière déraisonnable à ces déclarations prospectives, qui ne sont valables qu'à partir de la date du rapport annuel. Nos résultats actuels peuvent différer considérablement de ceux attendus dans les déclarations prospectives.

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PARTIE I

Lot 1.

vue d'ensemble

Lorsque nous avons créé notre société, nous nous sommes concentrés sur: (i) la construction et / ou l’achat d’une chaîne de stations-service et de stations-service combinant essence, diesel et gaz naturel (GN) (initialement à Miami, FL); ii. construction d'installations de conversion pour la transformation du gaz naturel en gaz naturel liquéfié (GNL) et en gaz naturel comprimé (GNC); et (iii) de construire des installations de conversion pour la modernisation des véhicules actuellement alimentés à l'essence ou au diesel sur le GN basé aux États-Unis et de créer une entreprise pour servir nos clients sur tous nos sites.

Le 5 janvier 2017, American Resources Corporation (ARC ou la Société) a conclu un accord d'échange d'actions entre la Société et Quest Energy Inc. (Quest Energy). Le 7 février 2017, Lane, Fishers, IN 46038, et les diverses conditions préalables à l'achèvement de la transaction ont été transférées aux actionnaires de Quest Energy aux fins du contrôle de la société. est une filiale d'ARC. Grâce à Quest Energy, ARC a pu obtenir des opérations d'extraction et de traitement du charbon, situées dans l'est du pays.

Quest Energy compte actuellement six filiales d'extraction et de fabrication de charbon: McCoy Elkhorn Coal LLC (McCoy Elkhorn Coal Company), Knott County Coal LLC (Knott County Coal), Deane Mining, LLC et Wyoming County Coal LLC (comté de Wyoming), Quest Processing LLC (Quest Processing), située dans la partie est du Kentucky et dans l'ouest de la Virginie, dans le bassin houiller central des Appalaches, et ERC Mining Indiana Corporation (ERC), dans l'Illinois Il est situé dans la partie sud-ouest du bassin de carbone. La teneur en carbone contrôlée de la société est généralement constituée de charbon métallurgique (utilisé pour la production d'acier), d'injections de charbon en poudre (utilisé dans le processus de production d'acier) et de charbon bitumineux à haute teneur en soufre et à faible teneur en soufre, utilisé pour diverses utilisations. dans plusieurs industries, y compris les consommateurs industriels, les produits spécialisés et le charbon thermique utilisé pour la production d'électricité.

Prix ​​métallurgiques historiques

Prix ​​historiques du carbone thermique de la CAPP

Fin d'année

Hampton Road Indice HCC – Elevé

Fin d'année

District de taux de Great Sandy / Kanawha

2013

110,30 USD

2013

64,09 $

2014

100,35 $

2014

56,00 $

2015

80,25 $

2015

45,55 $

2016

223,00 $

2016

50,65 USD

2017

210,00 $

2017

60,90 $

2018

205,34 $

2018

68,12 $

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McCoy Elkhorn Coal LLC

général:

McCoy Elkhorn est principalement situé dans le Kentucky, dans le comté de Pike, et comprend actuellement deux mines en activité (mines n ° 15 et Carnegie 1), une mine en état de ralenti chaud (mine PointRock), deux usines de traitement du charbon (Bevins # 1 et Bevins # 2) et à différents stades de développement ou de récupération des mines. McCoy Elkhorn vend du charbon à des clients nationaux et internationaux, principalement à l’industrie de l’acier, sous forme de carbone B ou de carbone mixte à volume élevé. Le charbon contrôlé par McCoy Elkhorn (ainsi que nos autres filiales) n’est pas "prouvé" ou "probable" dans la ligne directrice 7 de la Securities and Exchange Commission des États-Unis et n’a donc aucune réserve "prouvée" ou "probable" selon cette définition, et sont considérés comme la "phase de recherche industrielle" selon Industry Guide 7.

mines:

La mine n ° 15 est une mine souterraine située à Millard (également connue sous le nom de Glamorgan), située à proximité du Kentucky Meta. La mine 15 est exploitée selon des méthodes d’extraction à la température ambiante, avec une extraction continue, et le charbon est directement en rupture de stock à l’usine de préparation du charbon McCoy Elkhorn. La mine 15 est actuellement une mine "contrôlée par la société", que la Société emploie dans la mine et paie le coût de toutes les mines. La mine de charbon de la mine n ° 15 est stockée sur le site de la mine et est transportée directement vers les installations de préparation du charbon de la société. En septembre 2016, la production n ° 15 de Mine a repris dans Quest Energy. La capacité estimée de la mine 15 est d’environ 40 000 tonnes de charbon. La société acquiert la 15ème mine de la mine vide et, depuis l'acquisition, ses principaux emplois se situent à la 15ème place. Elles consistent notamment à modifier les zones de travail de la mine souterraine, à améliorer la ventilation principalement par le travail du brattice, ainsi que par le brouillage et les travaux souterrains. installation. l’infrastructure minière, la mine 15 ayant produit environ 199 408 tonnes en 2018 et vendu du charbon à un prix moyen de 84,21 $ la tonne. En 2017, la mine n ° 15 a produit environ 247 234 tonnes et vendu du charbon en moyenne à 65,88 $ / tonne. En 2018 et 2017, 100% du charbon extrait à la 15e minute et 100% correspondaient à la haute qualité de la production de métaux B, dont 100% et 71% appartenaient à l'industrie métallurgique. solde vendu sur le marché thermique.

La mine Carnegie 1 est une mine souterraine située dans les pipelines de charbon d’Alma et Upper Alma et est située dans le Kentucky, près de Kimper. En 2011, la production de charbon de la mine Carnegie 1 a commencé dans la fosse de charbon, puis la mine est restée inactive. La production à la mine Carnegie 1 a commencé au début de 2017 avec Quest Energy et est actuellement utilisée par les mineurs dans les processus d'extraction et de gestion des salles. Le charbon est stocké sur place et expédié aux installations préparatoires de McCoy Elkhorn à environ 11 km. La mine Carnegie 1 est actuellement une mine "contrôlée par la société", que la Société emploie dans la mine et paie le coût de toutes les mines. La capacité de la mine Carnegie 1. est estimée à environ 10 000 tonnes de charbon. La société a acquis la mine Carnegie 1 en tant que mine inutilisée et, depuis son acquisition, les principaux travaux de la société à la mine Carnegie 1 comprennent des travaux de réhabilitation de la mine lors de la préparation de la production, la modification des zones de travail de la mine souterraine, principalement la ventilation. les travaux sur le réseau et l'installation d'infrastructures minières souterraines au fur et à mesure que la mine progresse dans l'extraction du charbon. En 2018, la mine Carnegie 1 a produit environ 8,315 tonnes et vendu du charbon à un prix moyen de 84,21 USD / tonne. En 2017, au cours de la première année de production de la mine, la mine Carnegie 1 a produit environ 11 974 tonnes et vendu du charbon à un prix moyen de 65,88 $. En 2018 et 2017, 100% et 100% du carbone extrait de la mine Carnegie 1 était du charbon hautement métallurgique "B", dont 100% et 51% ont été vendus sur le marché métallurgique. , l'équilibre sur le marché thermique.

La mine PointRock est une mine à ciel ouvert alimentée au charbon, située principalement entre Pond Creek, Alma Apple, Upper Apple et Cedar Grove, près de Phelps, dans le Kentucky. À partir de la mine PointRock, différents exploitants ont fabriqué du charbon. Quest Energy a acheté la mine PointRock en avril 2018 et travaille actuellement sur le recyclage avant de relancer la production, ce qui est prévu pour 2019. PointRock devrait être exploité avec des techniques d’extraction par contour, par vis et par paroi haute. Le charbon est stocké sur place et expédié aux installations préparatoires de McCoy Elkhorn à environ 23 miles. La mine PointRock devrait être exploitée comme une mine commerciale modifiée. McCoy Elkhorn fournit certaines infrastructures et certains équipements d’exploitation minière, et verse à un entrepreneur des frais fixes par tonne pour la gestion de la main-d’œuvre, l’achat d’autres équipements et fournitures et la maintenance. avec le bon équipement et infrastructure. La capacité estimée de la mine PointRock est d’environ 15 000 tonnes de charbon et n’a pas encore commencé à produire du charbon à McCoy Elkhorn.

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Traitement et expédition:

L'usine de préparation Bevins # 1 est une installation de préparation du charbon de 800 tonnes située près de Meta à Kentay, sur la mine # 15. Le stock de Bevins # 1 contient environ 25 000 tonnes de carbone et dispose d’un stockage de carbone propre de 100 000 tonnes de charbon. L'installation Bevins # 1 dispose d'un circuit de carbone fin et d'un circuit de maintien permettant une récupération accrue du carbone et différentes options de revêtement de carbone en fonction des besoins du client. La société a acquis les installations d’introduction en tant qu’installation inutilisée et, depuis son acquisition, les principaux travaux effectués par les usines de préparation de Bevin comprennent la restauration de l’entrepôt de l’usine et le remplacement des conduites à bande.

L'usine de préparation de Bevins n ° 2 est située au même endroit que le centre de traitement de carburant Bevins n ° 1 et de 500 tonnes, avec récupération du carbone fine et circuit de raccordement carbone à carbone. Le stock de carbone de Bevins # 2 contient 25 000 tonnes de carbone et 45 000 tonnes de carbone pur contenant du carbone. Nous utilisons actuellement moins de 10% de la capacité de traitement disponible des Bevins N ° 1 et Bevins N ° 2.

Les Bevins N ° 1 et Bevins N ° 2 permettent de remplacer le fret et le rail pour charger du charbon dans le fret ferroviaire. La voie convient au stockage de 110 wagons et est desservie par CSX Transportation. Elle est située dans la zone de CSX Big Sandy, dans la subdivision Coal Run. Les deux Bevins # 1 et Bevins # 2 ont les yeux rugueux et des suspensions sous Big Groundhog et Lick Branch. Alors que la prévention de Big Groundhog approche de la fin de sa vie utile, l’afflux de Lick Branch a une durée de vie importante et sera bientôt en mesure de stocker des déchets bruts et du lisier sur Bevins n ° 1 et Bevins n ° 2. Les déchets grossiers de Bevins n ° 1 et Bevins n ° 2 sont fixés aux pipelines. Bevins n ° 1 et Bevins n ° 2 sont assujettis à certaines restrictions dans l'accord entre les installations appartenant à McCoy Elkhorn, McCoy Elkhorn et le propriétaire de surface.

Les travaux de maintenance de routine sont les travaux Bevins n ° 1 et 2. Le coût de la propriété payée par McCoy Elkhorn Coal à la société est de 95 210 $.

En raison de la capacité de traitement du charbon supplémentaire des usines de préparation de Bevins # 1 et Bevins # 2, McCoy Elkhorn transforme, stocke et charge du charbon pour que les autres producteurs de charbon de la région acceptent le prix.

Autorisations supplémentaires:

En plus des mines susmentionnées, McCoy Elkhorn dispose de 11 permis d’extraction de charbon supplémentaires à divers stades d’inactivité ou de récupération. McCoy Elkhorn déterminera quelles mines de charbon seront remises en production, le cas échéant, à mesure que le marché du carbone évoluera. Aucune autre mine inutilisée à McCoy Elkhorn ne devrait actuellement commencer. avenir. Toute mine inutilisée impliquée dans la production nécessite un capital de préinvestissement important et rien ne garantit que ces nouvelles opérations seront réalisables.

Vous trouverez ci-dessous une carte des caractéristiques financières de McCoy Elkhorn:

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Knott County Coal LLC

général:

Knott County Coal est principalement situé dans le comté de Knott, dans le Kentucky (mais possède des licences supplémentaires dans le comté de Leslie, dans le comté de Perry et dans le comté de Breathitt, dans le Kentucky), une mine en activité (Wayland Surface Mine) et 22 permis d'exploitation minière inutilisés. . y compris les permis liés à la centrale de haute puissance d’urgence. Les permis d’exploitation minière inactifs sont à différentes phases de conception, inactifs ou restaurés. Les mines de charbon du charbon dans le comté de Knott sont principalement des mines souterraines engagées dans l’extraction de chambres et de piliers. Le charbon contrôlé par Knott County Coal (ainsi que nos autres filiales) n'est pas "prouvé" ou "probable" selon la directive 7 de la Securities and Exchange Commission des États-Unis. Par conséquent, il n'y a pas de réserve "prouvée" ou "probable" selon cette définition. et sont considérés comme la "phase de recherche industrielle" selon le Guide Industrie 7.

mines:

La mine de surface Wayland est une mine de recyclage de déchets de surface en surface, située dans de nombreux joints de charbon (principalement dans le Upper Elkhorn Carbon 1) près de Wayland, dans le Kentucky. La mine de surface Wayland est exploitée par retraitement du charbon précédemment traité par extraction terrestre, et le charbon se trouve à environ 22 km de l’usine préparatoire de Deane Mining Mill Creek où il est traité et vendu. La mine de surface Wayland est actuellement une mine "gérée par la société", que la Société emploie dans la mine et paie le coût de toutes les mines. En juin 2018, la mine de surface Wayland appartenait à Quest Energy. La licence correspondante a été achetée en mai 2018. Depuis l'acquisition, les travaux principaux à la mine de surface Wayland ont permis de lever la charge de carbone. La capacité estimée de Wayland Surface Mine devrait produire environ 15 000 tonnes de charbon et sa production a commencé mi-2018 en extrayant et en vendant du charbon thermique. En 2018, au cours de la première année de production, la mine Wayland Surface a produit environ 49 407 tonnes et vendu en moyenne 58,90 $ / tonne de charbon.

Parmi les autres clients potentiels de Knott County Coal figurent les consommateurs industriels, les clients spéciaux et les services publics de production d’électricité, bien qu'aucune vente finale n’ait encore été réalisée.

Traitement et expédition:

L'usine préparatoire vide à haute énergie est une usine de préparation du charbon d'une capacité de 400 tonnes-heure qui possède un charbon fin à Kite, dans le Kentucky. La capacité de charge du chemin de fer de la branche de Bates associée à la centrale électrique Supreme est une capacité de stockage pour wagons de 220 voies et une voie pour charges lourdes gérée par CSX Transportation. Les déchets bruts sont acheminés vers le flux entrant de Kings Branch, qui se trouve à environ un kilomètre de l’usine Supreme Energy. La suspension à base de charbon est dirigée de la Supreme Energy Facility vers l’arrivée de Kings Branch.

L'usine préparatoire Supreme Energy appartient à Knott County Coal, sous réserve de certaines restrictions énoncées dans l'accord conclu entre Knott County Coal et le propriétaire foncier, Land Resources & Royalties Kft.

La société a acquis l’usine de préparation Supreme Energy comme une installation inutilisée et ne travaille plus sur des travaux de maintenance mineurs depuis son acquisition. L'usine de préparation énergétique suprême et la charge ferroviaire sont utilisées et nécessitent une quantité indéterminée de travail et de capital pour fonctionner. Le coût des biens payés par Knott County Coal est de 286 046 $.

Autorisations supplémentaires:

Outre les mines susmentionnées, le Knott County Coal dispose de 20 permis d'exploitation de charbon supplémentaires en cours de développement, en attente ou à divers stades de récupération. Les mines inutilisées importées dans la production nécessitent un investissement initial important et rien ne garantit que ces nouvelles opérations seront réalisables.

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Ci-dessous, une carte indiquant l'emplacement de l'empreinte carbone du charbon dans le comté de Knott, de l'usine de préparation Raven, des chargements et des cultures:

Deane Mining LLC

général:

Située dans les comtés de Letcher et de Knott, dans le Kentucky, Deane Mining LLC est une mine de charbon souterraine active (Access Energy Mine), une mine de surface active (Razorblade Surface) et une usine de préparation de charbon actif (usine de préparation de Mill Creek). 12 permis d'exploitation minière inutilisés supplémentaires (ou récupération de permis). Les permis d’exploitation minière inactifs restent dans différentes phases de développement, de récupération ou d’inactivité, jusqu’à ce que toute modification du marché du carbone justifie le redémarrage de la production. Le carbone contrôlé par Deane Mining (ainsi que nos autres filiales), selon la ligne directrice 7 de la Securities and Exchange Commission des États-Unis, n'est pas considéré comme "prouvé" ou "probable" et, par conséquent, il n'y a pas de réserve "prouvée" ou "probable" selon cette définition. et sont considérés comme la "phase de recherche industrielle" selon le Guide Industrie 7.

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mines:

Access Energy est une mine profonde située dans la fosse Elkhorn 3 et dans le Kentucky, Deane. Access Energy est exploité selon des méthodes d’exploration en chambre pour les mineurs en continu, et le charbon provient directement de la mine jusqu’au stock de carbone brut de la centrale préparatoire de Mill Creek via Access Energy. Access Energy est actuellement une mine "contrôlée par la société", que la Société emploie dans la mine et en supporte tous les coûts. La société a acquis Access Energy en tant que mine inutilisée et, depuis son acquisition, les principaux travaux effectués par Access Energy sur la société incluent des travaux de réhabilitation de mines en vue de la production, l'amélioration de la ventilation principalement par des travaux en mailles et des mines souterraines. Installation de l'infrastructure avec le mien suite à l'extraction de carbone. La capacité estimée d’Access Energy est d’environ 20 000 tonnes de charbon. En 2018, Access Energy a produit environ 125 705 tonnes de charbon et l'a vendu à un prix moyen de 65,88 $ / tonne. En 2017, au cours de la première année de production de la mine, Access Energy a produit environ 43 286 tonnes et vendu du charbon à un prix moyen de 58,80 $ / tonne. 100% du carbone vendu par Access Energy en 2018 et 2017 a été vendu sous forme de charbon thermique.

La surface de Razorblade est une mine de surface actuellement située dans les carrières minières Hazard 4 et Hazard 4 Rider et à Deane, dans le Kentucky. Razorblade La surface a été extraite avec des méthodes d’extraction par contours, par vis et par forage intensif, et le carbone a été stocké sur le site, où environ 25% La Razorblade Surface est à la fois une mine d’entrepreneurs et une mine «d’extraction d’hydrocarbures», qui a commencé à extraire du charbon et à extraire au printemps 2018. Le carbone de la surface de lame de rasoir est d'env. La mine à ciel ouvert Razorblade est devenue une nouvelle mine non perturbée pour la Société et, depuis l’acquisition, les principaux travaux à Razorblade Surface ont fait l’objet de travaux d’ingénierie initiaux et ont permis de supprimer la surcharge de charbon. La capacité estimée de la mine à ciel ouvert Razorblade est capable de produire environ 8 000 tonnes de charbon et a commencé à produire à la mi-2018 grâce à l'extraction et à la vente de charbon thermique. En 2018, au cours de la première année de production de la mine, Razorblade Surface a produit environ 18 943 tonnes et vendu du charbon à un prix moyen de 58,80 $ / tonne. 100% du carbone vendu par Razorblade Surface en 2018 était vendu sous forme de charbon thermique.

La production de charbon de Deane Mining LLC est actuellement vendue dans le sud-est des États-Unis avec un contrat expirant en décembre 2018 et du charbon vendu sur le marché au comptant. Deane Mining négocie avec différents clients pour vendre une production supplémentaire d'Access Energy, de Razorblade et de Wayland Surface, en combinaison avec une autre production de charbon régionale potentielle, telle que l'injection de carbone en poudre dans les aciéries, le charbon industriel et le charbon thermique. la production d'électricité.

Traitement et expédition:

L'usine préparatoire Mill Creek est une usine de préparation du charbon de 800 tonnes située à Deane, dans le Kentucky. La charge de rail RapidLoader associée est un rail de poids superposé doté de 110 capacités de stockage de voitures et de services fournis par CSX Transportation aux tarifs Big Sandy et Elkhorn. L'usine préparatoire de Mill Creek appartient à Deane Mining, sous réserve de certaines restrictions énoncées dans un contrat entre Deane Mining et le propriétaire foncier, Land Resources & Royalties LLC. Nous utilisons actuellement moins de 10% de la capacité de traitement disponible de l'usine de Mill Creek.

L'usine de préfabrication de Mill Creek et les opérations de chargement de chemin de fer fonctionnent, et le travail requis pour l'usine et les charges sera un entretien de routine. Le coût de la propriété payée par Deane Mining à la société est de 1 569 641 $.

Autorisations supplémentaires:

Outre les mines et les installations préparatoires susmentionnées, Deane Mining dispose de 12 permis d'exploitation de charbon supplémentaires en cours de développement, en attente d'utilisation ou à différents stades de récupération. Les mines inutilisées importées dans la production nécessitent un investissement initial important et rien ne garantit que ces nouvelles opérations seront réalisables.

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Vous trouverez ci-dessous une carte des propriétés matérielles de Deane Mining:

Wyoming County Coal LLC

général:

Wyoming County Coal, dans le comté de Wyoming, en Virginie-Occidentale, comprend deux permis d’exploitation minière souterraine inutilisés et trois permis relatifs à l’usine préparatoire Pioneer, à Hatcher Rail Load et à la mise en fourrière de Simmons Fork. Les deux permis d’exploitation minière non utilisés sont une mine souterraine lisse qui devrait utiliser l’extraction de chambres et de piliers. A Wyoming County Coal-ban ellenőrzött szén (más leányvállalatainkkal együtt) az Egyesült Államok Értékpapír- és Tőzsde Bizottsága iparági útmutatója 7 szerint nem minősül „bizonyítottnak” vagy „valószínűnek”, és ennek következtében nincs „Bizonyított” vagy „valószínű” tartalékok az ilyen meghatározás alatt, és az „ipari kutatási szakasznak” minősülnek az Industry Guide 7 szerint.

Mines:

A Wyoming County Coal bányászati ​​engedélyei a tervezés különböző szakaszaiban vannak, és jelenleg nincsenek bányák.

Wyoming County Coal potenciális ügyfelei magukba foglalnák az Egyesült Államokban vagy nemzetközi piacon az acélgyárakat, bár még nem állapítottak meg végleges értékesítést.

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Tartalomjegyzék

Feldolgozás és szállítás:

Az üresjáratú Pioneer előkészítő üzem egy 350 tonnás órás szénelőkészítő létesítmény, mely az óceániai nyugati Virginia közelében található. A Pioneer előkészítő üzemhez kapcsolódó Hatcher sínterhelés a Norfolk Southern Corporation által karbantartott vasúti terhelés. Az előkészítő létesítményből származó hulladékot a Simmons Fork hulladéklerakóba szállítják, amely körülbelül 1,6 km-re fekszik a Pioneer előkészítő létesítménytől. Az előkészítő berendezés egy övnyomó technológiát alkalmaz, amely kiküszöböli a szuszpenzió szuszpenziós tóba történő szivattyúzásának szükségességét a tároláshoz.

A Társaság a kezdeti tervezési fázisban van, hogy becsléseket kapjon az előkészítő létesítmény korszerű 350 tonna előkészítő létesítményre történő frissítésének költségeiről, bár még nem érkezett költségbecslés. A Társaság a kezdeti tervezési fázisban van, hogy becsléseket kapjon a vasúti teherbíró létesítmény korszerűsítésének költségeiről és időzítéséről egy modern kötegtömegű rendszerre, bár még nem érkezett költségbecslés.

A Társaság a Pioneer előkészítő üzemeket tétlen létesítményként szerzi meg, és a megszerzés óta nem végeztek munkát a létesítményben. Mind az úttörő előkészítő üzem, mind a vasúti tehermentesítés üresjáratban van, és meghatározatlan mennyiségű munkát és tőkét igényelne, hogy azokat üzembe helyezzék, ami jelenleg a tervezés kezdeti szakaszában van, és nem érkezett költségbecslés. A Wyoming County Coal tulajdonában lévő ingatlanok költsége a Társaság által fizetendő 22 226 101 dollár, amelyből 22 091 688 dollárt fizettek a társaság A osztályú törzsrészvényeinek részvényeivel. A fennmaradó részt készpénzből kell fizetni.

engedélyek:

Wyoming County Coal holds two coal mining permits that are in the initial planning phase and three permits associated with the idled Pioneer Preparation Plant, the Hatcher rail loadout, and Simmons Fork Refuse Impoundment. Any mine that is brought into production would require significant upfront capital investment and there is no assurance of the feasibility of any such new operations.

Below is a map showing the location of the idled Pioneer Prep Plant, Hatcher rail Loadout, and Simmons Fork Refuse Impoundment at Wyoming County Coal:

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Quest Processing LLC

Quest Energy’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Quest Processing, manages the assets, operations, and personnel of the certain coal processing and transportation facilities of Quest Energy’s various other subsidiaries, namely the Supreme Energy Preparation Facility (of Knott County Coal LLC), and Mill Creek Preparation Facility (of Deane Mining LLC). Quest Processing LLC was the recipient of a New Markets Tax Credit loan that allowed for the payment of certain expenses of these preparation facilities. As part of that financing transaction, Quest Energy loaned ERC Mining LLC, an entity owned by members of Quest Energy, Inc.’s management, $4,120,000 to facilitate the New Markets Tax Credit loan, of which is all outstanding as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. ERC Mining LLC is considered a variable interest entity and is consolidated into Quest Energy’s financial statements.

ERC Mining Indiana Corporation (the Gold Star Mine)

Quest Energy, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, ERC Mining Indiana Corporation (ERC), has a management agreement with an unrelated entity, LC Energy Operations LLC to manage an underground coal mine, clean coal processing facility and rail loadout located in Greene County, Indiana (referred to as the “Gold Star Mine”) for a monthly cash and per-ton fee. As part of that management agreement, ERC manages the operations of the Gold Star Mine, is the holder of the mining permit, provides the reclamation bonding, is the owner of some of the equipment located at the Gold Star Mine, and provides the employment for the personnel located at the Gold Star Mine. LC Energy Operations LLC owns the remaining equipment and infrastructure, is the lessee of the mineral (and the owner of some of the mineral and surface), and provides funding for the operations. Currently the coal mining operations at the Gold Star Mine are idled.

In addition to the current owned permits and controlled deposits, ARC may, from time to time, and frequently, acquire additional coal mining permits or deposits, or dispose of coal mining permits or deposits currently held by ARC, as management of the Company deems appropriate.

Mineral and Surface Leases

Coal mining and processing involves the extraction of coal (mineral) and the use of surface property incidental to such extraction and processing. All of the mineral and surface related to the Company’s coal mining operations is leased from various mineral and surface owners (the “Leases”). The Company’s operating subsidiaries, collectively, are parties to approximately 200 various Leases and other agreements required for the Company’s coal mining and processing operations. The Leases are with a variety of Lessors, from individuals to professional land management firms such as the Elk Horn Coal Company LLC and Alma Land Company. In some instances, the Company has leases with Land Resources & Royalties LLC (LRR), a professional leasing firm that is an entity wholly owned by Quest MGMT LLC, an entity owned by members of Quest Energy Inc.’s management.

Coal Sales

ARC sells its coal to domestic and international customers, some which blend ARC’s coal at east coast ports with other qualities of coal for export. Coal sales currently come from the Company’s McCoy Elkhorn’s Mine #15 and Carnegie 1 mines, Knott County Coal’s Wayland Surface mine, and Deane Mining’s Access Energy and Razorblade Surface mines. The Company may, at times, purchase coal from other regional producers to sell on its contracts.

Coal sales at the Company is primarily outsource to third party intermediaries who act on the Company’s behalf to source potential coal sales and contracts. The third-party intermediaries have no ability to bind the Company to any contracts, and all coal sales are approved by management of the Company.

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Verseny

The coal industry is intensely competitive. The most important factors on which the Company competes are coal quality, delivered costs to the customer and reliability of supply. Our principal domestic competitors will include Alpha Natural Resources, Ramaco Resources, Blackhawk Mining, Coronado Coal, Arch Coal, Contura Energy, Warrior Met Coal, Alliance Resource Partners, and ERP Compliance Fuels. Many of these coal producers may have greater financial resources and larger coal deposit bases than we do. We also compete in international markets directly with domestic companies and with companies that produce coal from one or more foreign countries, such as Australia, Colombia, Indonesia and South Africa.

Legal Proceedings

From time to time, we are subject to ordinary routine litigation incidental to our normal business operations. We are not currently a party to, and our property is not subject to, any material legal proceedings.

Environmental, Governmental, and Other Regulatory Matters

Our operations are subject to federal, state, and local laws and regulations, such as those relating to matters such as permitting and licensing, employee health and safety, reclamation and restoration of mining properties, water discharges, air emissions, plant and wildlife protection, the storage, treatment and disposal of wastes, remediation of contaminants, surface subsidence from underground mining and the effects of mining on surface water and groundwater conditions. In addition, we may become subject to additional costs for benefits for current and retired coal miners. These environmental laws and regulations include, but are not limited to, SMCRA with respect to coal mining activities and ancillary activities; the CAA with respect to air emissions; the CWA with respect to water discharges and the permitting of key operational infrastructure such as impoundments; RCRA with respect to solid and hazardous waste management and disposal, as well as the regulation of underground storage tanks; the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (“CERCLA” or “Superfund”) with respect to releases, threatened releases and remediation of hazardous substances; the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (“ESA”) with respect to threatened and endangered species; and the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (“NEPA”) with respect to the evaluation of environmental impacts related to any federally issued permit or license. Many of these federal laws have state and local counterparts which also impose requirements and potential liability on our operations.

Compliance with these laws and regulations may be costly and time-consuming and may delay commencement, continuation or expansion of exploration or production at our facilities. They may also depress demand for our products by imposing more stringent requirements and limits on our customers’ operations. Moreover, these laws are constantly evolving and are becoming increasingly complex and stringent over time. These laws and regulations, particularly new legislative or administrative proposals, or judicial interpretations of existing laws and regulations related to the protection of the environment could result in substantially increased capital, operating and compliance costs. Individually and collectively, these developments could have a material adverse effect on our operations directly and/or indirectly, through our customers’ inability to use our products.

Certain implementing regulations for these environmental laws are undergoing revision or have not yet been promulgated. As a result, we cannot always determine the ultimate impact of complying with existing laws and regulations.

Due in part to these extensive and comprehensive regulatory requirements and ever- changing interpretations of these requirements, violations of these laws can occur from time to time in our industry and also in our operations. Expenditures relating to environmental compliance are a major cost consideration for our operations and safety and compliance is a significant factor in mine design, both to meet regulatory requirements and to minimize long-term environmental liabilities. To the extent that these expenditures, as with all costs, are not ultimately reflected in the prices of our products and services, operating results will be reduced.

In addition, our customers are subject to extensive regulation regarding the environmental impacts associated with the combustion or other use of coal, which may affect demand for our coal. Changes in applicable laws or the adoption of new laws relating to energy production, GHG emissions and other emissions from use of coal products may cause coal to become a less attractive source of energy, which may adversely affect our mining operations, the cost structure and, the demand for coal. For example, if the emissions rates or caps adopted under the CPP on GHGs are upheld or a tax on carbon is imposed, the market share of coal as fuel used to generate electricity would be expected to decrease.

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We believe that our competitors with operations in the United States are confronted by substantially similar conditions. However, foreign producers and operators may not be subject to similar requirements and may not be required to undertake equivalent costs in or be subject to similar limitations on their operations. As a result, the costs and operating restrictions necessary for compliance with United States environmental laws and regulations may have an adverse effect on our competitive position with regard to those foreign competitors. The specific impact on each competitor may vary depending on a number of factors, including the age and location of its operating facilities, applicable legislation and its production methods.

Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act

SMCRA establishes operational, reclamation and closure standards for our mining operations and requires that comprehensive environmental protection and reclamation standards be met during the course of and following completion of mining activities. SMCRA also stipulates compliance with many other major environmental statutes, including the CAA, the CWA, the ESA, RCRA and CERCLA. Permits for all mining operations must be obtained from the United States Office of Surface Mining (“OSM”) or, where state regulatory agencies have adopted federally approved state programs under SMCRA, the appropriate state regulatory authority. Our operations are located in states which have achieved primary jurisdiction for enforcement of SMCRA through approved state programs.

SMCRA imposes a complex set of requirements covering all facets of coal mining. SMCRA regulations govern, among other things, coal prospecting, mine plan development, topsoil or growth medium removal and replacement, disposal of excess spoil and coal refuse, protection of the hydrologic balance, and suitable post mining land uses.

From time to time, OSM will also update its mining regulations under SMCRA. For example, in December 2016, OSM finalized a new version of the Stream Protection Rule which became effective in January 2017. The rule would have impacted both surface and underground mining operations, as it would have imposed stricter guidelines on conducting coal mining operations, and would have required more extensive baseline data on hydrology, geology and aquatic biology in permit applications. The rule also required the collection of increased pre-mining data about the site of the proposed mining operation and adjacent areas to establish a baseline for evaluation of the impacts of mining and the effectiveness of reclamation associated with returning streams to pre-mining conditions. However, in February 2017, both the House and Senate passed a resolution disapproving of the Stream Protection Rule pursuant to the Congressional Review Act (“CRA”). President Trump signed the resolution on February 16, 2017 and, pursuant to the CRA, the Stream Protection Rule “shall have no force or effect” and cannot be replaced by a similar rule absent future legislation. On November 17, 2017, OSMRE published a Federal Register notice that removed the text of the Stream Protection Rule from the Code of Federal Regulations. Whether Congress will enact future legislation to require a new Stream Protection Rule remains uncertain. The existing rules, or other new SMCRA regulations, could result in additional material costs, obligations and restrictions upon our operations.

Abandoned Mine Lands Fund

SMCRA also imposes a reclamation fee on all current mining operations, the proceeds of which are deposited in the AML Fund, which is used to restore unreclaimed and abandoned mine lands mined before 1977. The current per ton fee is $0.280 per ton for surface mined coal and $0.120 per ton for underground mined coal. These fees are currently scheduled to be in effect until September 30, 2021.

Mining Permits and Approvals

Numerous governmental permits and approvals are required for mining operations. We are required to prepare and present to federal, state, and local authorities data detailing the effect or impact that any proposed exploration project for production of coal may have upon the environment, the public and our employees. The permitting rules, and the interpretations of these rules, are complex, change frequently, and may be subject to discretionary interpretations by regulators. The requirements imposed by these permits and associated regulations can be costly and time-consuming and may delay commencement or continuation of exploration, production or expansion at our operations. The governing laws, rules, and regulations authorize substantial fines and penalties, including revocation or suspension of mining permits under some circumstances. Monetary sanctions and, in certain circumstances, even criminal sanctions may be imposed for failure to comply with these laws.

Applications for permits and permit renewals at our mining operations are also subject to public comment and potential legal challenges from third parties seeking to prevent a permit from being issued, or to overturn the applicable agency’s grant of the permit. Should our permitting efforts become subject to such challenges, they could delay commencement, continuation or expansion of our mining operations. If such comments lead to a formal challenge to the issuance of these permits, the permits may not be issued in a timely fashion, may involve requirements which restrict our ability to conduct our mining operations or to do so profitably, or may not be issued at all. Any delays, denials, or revocation of these or other similar permits we need to operate could reduce our production and materially adversely impact our cash flow and results of our operations.

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In order to obtain mining permits and approvals from state regulatory authorities, mine operators must also submit a reclamation plan for restoring the mined property to its prior condition, productive use or other permitted condition. The conditions of certain permits also require that we obtain surface owner consent if the surface estate has been split from the mineral estate. This requires us to negotiate with third parties for surface access that overlies coal we acquired or intend to acquire. These negotiations can be costly and time-consuming, lasting years in some instances, which can create additional delays in the permitting process. If we cannot successfully negotiate for land access, we could be denied a permit to mine coal we already own.

Finally, we typically submit necessary mining permit applications several months, or even years, before we anticipate mining a new area. However, we cannot control the pace at which the government issues permits needed for new or ongoing operations. For example, the process of obtaining CWA permits can be particularly time-consuming and subject to delays and denials. The EPA also has the authority to veto permits issued by the Corps under the CWA’s Section 404 program that prohibits the discharge of dredged or fill material into regulated waters without a permit. Even after we obtain the permits that we need to operate, many of the permits must be periodically renewed, or may require modification. There is some risk that not all existing permits will be approved for renewal, or that existing permits will be approved for renewal only upon terms that restrict or limit our operations in ways that may be material.

Financial Assurance

Federal and state laws require a mine operator to secure the performance of its reclamation and lease obligations under SMCRA through the use of surety bonds or other approved forms of financial security for payment of certain long-term obligations, including mine closure or reclamation costs. The changes in the market for coal used to generate electricity in recent years have led to bankruptcies involving prominent coal producers. Several of these companies relied on self-bonding to guarantee their responsibilities under the SMCRA permits including for reclamation. In response to these bankruptcies, OSMRE issued a Policy Advisory in August 2016 to state agencies that are authorized under the SMCRA to implement the act in their states. Certain states, including Virginia, had previously announced that it would no longer accept self-bonding to secure reclamation obligations under the state mining laws. This Policy Advisory is intended to discourage authorized states from approving self-bonding arrangements and may lead to increased demand for other forms of financial assurance, which may strain capacity for those instruments and increase our costs of obtaining and maintaining the amounts of financial assurance needed for our operations. In addition, OSMRE announced in August 2016 that it would initiate a rulemaking under SMCRA to revise the requirements for self-bonding. Individually and collectively, these revised various financial assurance requirements may increase the amount of financial assurance needed and limit the types of acceptable instruments, straining the capacity of the surety markets to meet demand. This may delay the timing for and increase the costs of obtaining the required financial assurance.

We may use surety bonds, trusts and letters of credit to provide financial assurance for certain transactions and business activities. Federal and state laws require us to obtain surety bonds to secure payment of certain long-term obligations including mine closure or reclamation costs and other miscellaneous obligations. The bonds are renewable on a yearly basis. Surety bond rates have increased in recent years and the market terms of such bonds have generally become less favorable. Sureties typically require coal producers to post collateral, often having a value equal to 40% or more of the face amount of the bond. As a result, we may be required to provide collateral, letters of credit or other assurances of payment in order to obtain the necessary types and amounts of financial assurance. Under our surety bonding program, we are not currently required to post any letters of credit or other collateral to secure the surety bonds; obtaining letters of credit in lieu of surety bonds could result in a significant cost increase. Moreover, the need to obtain letters of credit may also reduce amounts that we can borrow under any senior secured credit facility for other purposes. If, in the future, we are unable to secure surety bonds for these obligations, and are forced to secure letters of credit indefinitely or obtain some other form of financial assurance at too high of a cost, our profitability may be negatively affected.

Although our current bonding capacity approved by our surety, Lexon Insurance Company, is substantial and enough to cover our current and anticipated future bonding needs, this amount may increase or decrease over time. As of December 31, 2018, and 2017, we had outstanding surety bonds at all of our mining operations totaling approximately $26.66 million and $24.80 million, respectively. While we anticipate reducing the outstanding surety bonds through continued reclamation of many of our permits, that number may increase should we acquire additional mining permits, acquire additional mining operations, expand our mining operations that result in additional reclamation bonds, or if any of our sites encounters additional environmental liability that may require additional reclamation bonding. While we intend to maintain a credit profile that eliminates the need to post collateral for our surety bonds, our surety has the right to demand additional collateral at its discretion.

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Mine Safety and Health

The Mine Act and the MINER Act, and regulations issued under these federal statutes, impose stringent health and safety standards on mining operations. The regulations that have been adopted under the Mine Act and the MINER Act are comprehensive and affect numerous aspects of mining operations, including training of mine personnel, mining procedures, roof control, ventilation, blasting, use and maintenance of mining equipment, dust and noise control, communications, emergency response procedures, and other matters. MSHA regularly inspects mines to ensure compliance with regulations promulgated under the Mine Act and MINER Act.

From time to time MSHA will also publish new regulations imposing additional requirements and costs on our operations. For example, MSHA implemented a rule in August 2014 to lower miners’ exposure to respirable coal mine dust. The rule requires shift dust to be monitored and reduces the respirable dust standard for designated occupants and miners. MSHA also finalized a new rule in January 2015 on proximity detection systems for continuous mining machines, which requires underground coal mine operators to equip continuous mining machines, except full-face continuous mining machines, with proximity detection systems.

Kentucky, West Virginia, and Virginia all have similar programs for mine safety and health regulation and enforcement. The various requirements mandated by federal and state statutes, rules, and regulations place restrictions on our methods of operation and result in fees and civil penalties for violations of such requirements or criminal liability for the knowing violation of such standards, significantly impacting operating costs and productivity. The regulations enacted under the Mine Act and MINER Act as well as under similar state acts are routinely expanded or made more stringent, raising compliance costs and increasing potential liability. Our compliance with current or future mine health and safety regulations could increase our mining costs. At this time, it is not possible to predict the full effect that new or proposed statutes, regulations and policies will have on our operating costs, but any expansion of existing regulations, or making such regulations more stringent may have a negative impact on the profitability of our operations. If we were to be found in violation of mine safety and health regulations, we could face penalties or restrictions that may materially and adversely impact our operations, financial results and liquidity.

In addition, government inspectors have the authority to issue orders to shut down our operations based on safety considerations under certain circumstances, such as imminent dangers, accidents, failures to abate violations, and unwarrantable failures to comply with mandatory safety standards. If an incident were to occur at one of our operations, it could be shut down for an extended period of time, and our reputation with prospective customers could be materially damaged. Moreover, if one of our operations is issued a notice of pattern of violations, then MSHA can issue an order withdrawing the miners from the area affected by any enforcement action during each subsequent significant and substantial (“S&S”) citation until the S&S citation or order is abated. In 2013 MSHA modified the pattern of violations regulation, allowing, among other things, the use of non-final citations and orders in determining whether a pattern of violations exists at a mine.

Workers’ Compensation and Black Lung

We are insured for workers’ compensation benefits for work related injuries that occur within our United States operations. We retain exposure for the first $10,000 per accident for all of our subsidiaries and are insured above the deductible for statutory limits. Workers’ compensation liabilities, including those related to claims incurred but not reported, are recorded principally using annual valuations based on discounted future expected payments using historical data of the operating subsidiary or combined insurance industry data when historical data is limited. State workers’ compensation acts typically provide for an exception to an employer’s immunity from civil lawsuits for workplace injuries in the case of intentional torts. However, Kentucky’s workers’ compensation act provides a much broader exception to workers’ compensation immunity. The exception allows an injured employee to recover against his or her employer where he or she can show damages caused by an unsafe working condition of which the employer was aware that was a violation of a statute, regulation, rule or consensus industry standard. These types of lawsuits are not uncommon and could have a significant impact on our operating costs.

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act includes significant changes to the federal black lung program including an automatic survivor benefit paid upon the death of a miner with an awarded black lung claim and the establishment of a rebuttable presumption with regard to pneumoconiosis among miners with 15 or more years of coal mine employment that are totally disabled by a respiratory condition. These changes could have a material impact on our costs expended in association with the federal black lung program. In addition to possibly incurring liability under federal statutes, we may also be liable under state laws for black lung claims.

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Clean Air Act

The CAA and comparable state laws that regulate air emissions affect coal mining operations both directly and indirectly. Direct impacts on coal mining and processing operations include CAA permitting requirements and emission control requirements relating to air pollutants, including particulate matter such as fugitive dust. The CAA indirectly affects coal mining operations by extensively regulating the emissions of particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, mercury and other compounds emitted by coal-fired power plants. In addition to the GHG issues discussed below, the air emissions programs that may materially and adversely affect our operations, financial results, liquidity, and demand for our coal, directly or indirectly, include, but are not limited to, the following:

·

Clean Air Interstate Rule and Cross-State Air Pollution Rule. the Clean Air Interstate Rule (“CAIR”) calls for power plants in 28 states and the District of Columbia to reduce emission levels of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide pursuant to a cap-and-trade program similar to the system now in effect for acid rain. In June 2011, the EPA finalized the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (“CSAPR”), a replacement rule to CAIR, which requires 28 states in the Midwest and eastern seaboard of the U.S. to reduce power plant emissions that cross state lines and contribute to ozone and/or fine particle pollution in other states. Following litigation over the rule, the EPA issued an interim final rule reconciling the CSAPR rule with a court order, which calls for Phase 1 implementation of CSAPR in 2015 and Phase 2 implementation in 2017. In September 2016, the EPA finalized an update to CSAPR for the 2008 ozone NAAQS by issuing the final CSAPR Update. Beginning in May 2017, this rule will reduce summertime (May—September) nitrogen oxide emissions from power plants in 22 states in the eastern United States. For states to meet their requirements under CSAPR, a number of coal-fired electric generating units will likely need to be retired, rather than retrofitted with the necessary emission control technologies, reducing demand for thermal coal. However, the practical impact of CSAPR may be limited because utilities in the U.S. have continued to take steps to comply with CAIR, which requires similar power plant emissions reductions, and because utilities are preparing to comply with the Mercury and Air Toxics Standards (“MATS”) regulations, which require overlapping power plant emissions reductions.

·

Acid Rain. Title IV of the CAA requires reductions of sulfur dioxide emissions by electric utilities and applies to all coal-fired power plants generating greater than 25 Megawatts of power. Affected power plants have sought to reduce sulfur dioxide emissions by switching to lower sulfur fuels, installing pollution control devices, reducing electricity generating levels or purchasing or trading sulfur dioxide emission allowances. These reductions could impact our customers in the electric generation industry. These requirements are not supplanted by CSAPR.

·

NAAQS for Criterion Pollutants. The CAA requires the EPA to set standards, referred to as NAAQS, for six common air pollutants: carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, lead, ozone, particulate matter and sulfur dioxide. Areas that are not in compliance (referred to as non-attainment areas) with these standards must take steps to reduce emissions levels. The EPA has adopted more stringent NAAQS for nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide, particulate matter and ozone. As a result, some states will be required to amend their existing individual state implementation plans (“SIPs”) to achieve compliance with the new air quality standards. Other states will be required to develop new plans for areas that were previously in “attainment,” but do not meet the revised standards. For example, in October 2015, the EPA finalized the NAAQS for ozone pollution and reduced the limit to parts per billion (ppb) from the previous 75 ppb standard. Under the revised ozone NAAQS, significant additional emissions control expenditures may be required at coal-fired power plants. The final rules and new standards may impose additional emissions control requirements on our customers in the electric generation, steelmaking, and coke industries. Because coal mining operations emit particulate matter and sulfur dioxide, our mining operations could be affected when the new standards are implemented by the states.

·

Nitrogen Oxide SIP Call. The nitrogen oxide SIP Call program was established by the EPA in October 1998 to reduce the transport of nitrogen oxide and ozone on prevailing winds from the Midwest and South to states in the Northeast, which alleged that they could not meet federal air quality standards because of migrating pollution. The program is designed to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions by one million tons per year in 22 eastern states and the District of Columbia. As a result of the program, many power plants have been or will be required to install additional emission control measures, such as selective catalytic reduction devices. Installation of additional emission control measures will make it costlier to operate coal-fired power plants, potentially making coal a less attractive fuel.

·

Mercury and Hazardous Air Pollutants. In February 2012, the EPA formally adopted the MATS rule to regulate emissions of mercury and other metals, fine particulates, and acid gases such as hydrogen chloride from coal- and oil-fired power plants. Following a legal challenge to MATS, the EPA issued a new determination in April 2016 that it is appropriate and necessary to regulate these pollutants from power plants. Like CSAPR, MATS and other similar future regulations could accelerate the retirement of a significant number of coal-fired power plants. Such retirements would likely adversely impact our business.

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Global Climate Change

Climate change continues to attract considerable public and scientific attention. There is widespread concern about the contributions of human activity to such changes, especially through the emission of GHGs. There are three primary sources of GHGs associated with the coal industry. First, the end use of our coal by our customers in electricity generation, coke plants, and steelmaking is a source of GHGs. Second, combustion of fuel by equipment used in coal production and to transport our coal to our customers is a source of GHGs. Third, coal mining itself can release methane, which is considered to be a more potent GHG than CO2, directly into the atmosphere. These emissions from coal consumption, transportation and production are subject to pending and proposed regulation as part of initiatives to address global climate change.

As a result, numerous proposals have been made and are likely to continue to be made at the international, national, regional and state levels of government to monitor and limit emissions of GHGs. Collectively, these initiatives could result in higher electric costs to our customers or lower the demand for coal used in electric generation, which could in turn adversely impact our business.

At present, we are principally focused on metallurgical coal production, which is not used in connection with the production of power generation. However, we may seek to sell greater amounts of our coal into the power-generation market in the future. The market for our coal may be adversely impacted if comprehensive legislation or regulations focusing on GHG emission reductions are adopted, or if our customers are unable to obtain financing for their operations. At the international level, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change released an international climate agreement in December 2015. The agreement has been ratified by more than 70 countries, and entered into force in November 2016. Although this agreement does not create any binding obligations for nations to limit their GHG emissions, it does include pledges to voluntarily limit or reduce future emissions. In addition, in November 2014, President Obama announced that the United States would seek to cut net GHG emissions 26-28 percent below 2005 levels by 2025 in return for China’s commitment to seek to peak emissions around 2030, with concurrent increases in renewable energy.

At the federal level, no comprehensive climate change legislation has been implemented to date. The EPA has, however, has determined that emissions of GHGs present an endangerment to public health and the environment, because emissions of GHGs are, according to the EPA, contributing to the warming of the earth’s atmosphere and other climatic changes. Based on these findings, the EPA has begun adopting and implementing regulations to restrict emissions of GHGs under existing provisions of the CAA. For example, in August 2015, EPA finalized the CPP to cut carbon emissions from existing power plants. The CPP creates individualized emission guidelines for states to follow and requires each state to develop an implementation plan to meet the individual state’s specific targets for reducing GHG emissions. The EPA also proposed a federal compliance plan to implement the CPP in the event that a state does not submit an approvable plan to the EPA. In February 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court granted a stay of the implementation of the CPP. This stay suspends the rule and will remain in effect until the completion of the appeals process. The Supreme Court’s stay only applies to EPA’s regulations for CO2 emissions from existing power plants and will not affect EPA’s standards for new power plants. If the CPP is ultimately upheld and depending on how it is implemented by the states, it could have an adverse impact on the demand for coal for electric generation.

At the state level, several states have already adopted measures requiring GHG emissions to be reduced within state boundaries, including cap-and-trade programs and the imposition of renewable energy portfolio standards. Various states and regions have also adopted GHG initiatives and certain governmental bodies, have imposed, or are considering the imposition of, fees or taxes based on the emission of GHGs by certain facilities. A number of states have also enacted legislative mandates requiring electricity suppliers to use renewable energy sources to generate a certain percentage of power.

The uncertainty over the outcome of litigation challenging the CPP and the extent of future regulation of GHG emissions may inhibit utilities from investing in the building of new coal-fired plants to replace older plants or investing in the upgrading of existing coal-fired plants. Any reduction in the amount of coal consumed by electric power generators as a result of actual or potential regulation of GHG emissions could decrease demand for our coal, thereby reducing our revenues and materially and adversely affecting our business and results of operations. We or prospective customers may also have to invest in CO2 capture and storage technologies in order to burn coal and comply with future GHG emission standards.

Finally, there have been attempts to encourage greater regulation of coalbed methane because methane has a greater GHG effect than CO2. Methane from coal mines can give rise to safety concerns and may require that various measures be taken to mitigate those risks. If new laws or regulations were introduced to reduce coalbed methane emissions, those rules could adversely affect our costs of operations by requiring installation of air pollution controls, higher taxes, or costs incurred to purchase credits that permit us to continue operations.

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Clean Water Act

The CWA and corresponding state laws and regulations affect coal mining operations by restricting the discharge of pollutants, including dredged or fill materials, into waters of the United States. Likewise, permits are required under the CWA to construct impoundments, fills or other structure in areas that are designated as waters of the United States. The CWA provisions and associated state and federal regulations are complex and subject to amendments, legal challenges and changes in implementation. Recent court decisions, regulatory actions and proposed legislation have created uncertainty over CWA jurisdiction and permitting requirements.

Prior to discharging any pollutants into waters of the United States, coal mining companies must obtain a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (“NPDES”) permit from the appropriate state or federal permitting authority. NPDES permits include effluent limitations for discharged pollutants and other terms and conditions, including required monitoring of discharges. Failure to comply with the CWA or NPDES permits can lead to the imposition of significant penalties, litigation, compliance costs and delays in coal production. Changes and proposed changes in state and federally recommended water quality standards may result in the issuance or modification of permits with new or more stringent effluent limits or terms and conditions. For instance, waters.

For instance, waters that states have designated as impaired (i.e., as not meeting present water quality standards) are subject to Total Maximum Daily Load regulations, which may lead to the adoption of more stringent discharge standards for our coal mines and could require more costly treatment. Likewise, the water quality of certain receiving streams requires an anti-degradation review before approving any discharge permits. TMDL regulations and anti-degradation policies may increase the cost, time and difficulty associated with obtaining and complying with NPDES permits.

In addition, in certain circumstances private citizens may challenge alleged violations of NPDES permit limits in court. While it is difficult to predict the outcome of any potential or future suits, such litigation could result in increased compliance costs following the completion of mining at our operations.

Finally, in June 2015, the EPA and the Corps published a new definition of “waters of the United States” (“WOTUS”) that became effective on August 28, 2015. Many groups have filed suit to challenge the validity of this rule. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit stayed the rule nationwide pending the outcome of this litigation. On January 22, 2018, the Supreme Court held that the courts of appeals do not have original jurisdiction to review challenges to the 2015 Rule. With this final rule, the agencies intend to maintain the status quo by adding an applicability date to the 2015 Rule and thus providing continuity and regulatory certainty for regulated entities, the States and Tribes, and the public while the agencies continue to consider possible revisions to the 2015 Rule. In light of this holding, in February 2018 the agencies published a final rule adding an applicability date to the 2015 Rule of February 6, 2020. We anticipate that the WOTUS rules, if upheld in litigation, will expand areas requiring NPDES or Corps Section 404 permits. If so, the CWA permits we need may not be issued, may not be issued in a timely fashion, or may be issued with new requirements which restrict our ability to conduct our mining operations or to do so profitably.

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

RCRA and corresponding state laws establish standards for the management of solid and hazardous wastes generated at our various facilities. Besides affecting current waste disposal practices, RCRA also addresses the environmental effects of certain past hazardous waste treatment, storage and disposal practices. In addition, RCRA requires certain of our facilities to evaluate and respond to any past release, or threatened release, of a hazardous substance that may pose a risk to human health or the environment.

RCRA may affect coal mining operations by establishing requirements for the proper management, handling, transportation and disposal of solid and hazardous wastes. Currently, certain coal mine wastes, such as earth and rock covering a mineral deposit (commonly referred to as overburden) and coal cleaning wastes, are exempted from hazardous waste management under RCRA. Any change or reclassification of this exemption could significantly increase our coal mining costs.

EPA began regulating coal ash as a solid waste under Subtitle D of RCRA in 2015. The EPA’s rule requires closure of sites that fail to meet prescribed engineering standards, regular inspections of impoundments, and immediate remediation and closure of unlined ponds that are polluting ground water. The rule also establishes limits for the location of new sites. However, the rule does not regulate closed coal ash impoundments unless they are located at active power plants. These requirements, as well as any future changes in the management of coal combustion residues, could increase our customers’ operating costs and potentially reduce their ability or need to purchase coal. In addition, contamination caused by the past disposal of coal combustion residues, including coal ash, could lead to material liability for our customers under RCRA or other federal or state laws and potentially further reduce the demand for coal.

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Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act

CERCLA and similar state laws affect coal mining operations by, among other things, imposing cleanup requirements for threatened or actual releases of hazardous substances into the environment. Under CERCLA and similar state laws, joint and several liabilities may be imposed on hazardous substance generators, site owners, transporters, lessees and others regardless of fault or the legality of the original disposal activity. Although the EPA excludes most wastes generated by coal mining and processing operations from the primary hazardous waste laws, such wastes can, in certain circumstances, constitute hazardous substances for the purposes of CERCLA. In addition, the disposal, release or spilling of some products used by coal companies in operations, such as chemicals, could trigger the liability provisions of CERCLA or similar state laws. Thus, we may be subject to liability under CERCLA and similar state laws for coal mines that we currently own, lease or operate or that we or our predecessors have previously owned, leased or operated, and sites to which we or our predecessors sent hazardous substances. These liabilities could be significant and materially and adversely impact our financial results and liquidity.

Endangered Species and Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Acts

The ESA and similar state legislation protect species designated as threatened, endangered or other special status. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (the “USFWS”) works closely with the OSM and state regulatory agencies to ensure that species subject to the ESA are protected from mining-related impacts. Several species indigenous to the areas in which we operate area protected under the ESA. Other species in the vicinity of our operations may have their listing status reviewed in the future and could also become protected under the ESA. In addition, the USFWS has identified bald eagle habitat in some of the counties where we operate. The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act prohibits taking certain actions that would harm bald or golden eagles without obtaining a permit from the USFWS. Compliance with the requirements of the ESA and the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act could have the effect of prohibiting or delaying us from obtaining mining permits. These requirements may also include restrictions on timber harvesting, road building and other mining or agricultural activities in areas containing the affected species or their habitats.

Use of Explosives

Our surface mining operations are subject to numerous regulations relating to blasting activities. Due to these regulations, we will incur costs to design and implement blast schedules and to conduct pre-blast surveys and blast monitoring, either directly or through the costs of a contractor we may employ. In addition, the storage of explosives is subject to various regulatory requirements. For example, pursuant to a rule issued by the Department of Homeland Security in 2007, facilities in possession of chemicals of interest (including ammonium nitrate at certain threshold levels) are required to complete a screening review. Our mines are low risk, Tier 4 facilities which are not subject to additional security plans. In 2008, the Department of Homeland Security proposed regulation of ammonium nitrate under the ammonium nitrate security rule. Additional requirements may include tracking and verifications for each transaction related to ammonium nitrate, though a final rule has yet to be issued. Finally, in December 2014, the OSM announced its decision to pursue a rulemaking to revise regulations under SMCRA which will address all blast generated fumes and toxic gases. OSM has not yet issued a proposed rule to address these blasts. The outcome of these rulemakings could materially adversely impact our cost or ability to conduct our mining operations.

National Environmental Policy Act

NEPA requires federal agencies, including the Department of Interior, to evaluate major agency actions that have the potential to significantly impact the environment, such as issuing a permit or other approval. In the course of such evaluations, an agency will typically prepare an environmental assessment to determine the potential direct, indirect and cumulative impacts of a proposed project. Where the activities in question have significant impacts to the environment, the agency must prepare an environmental impact statement. Compliance with NEPA can be time-consuming and may result in the imposition of mitigation measures that could affect the amount of coal that we are able to produce from mines on federal lands and may require public comment. Furthermore, whether agencies have complied with NEPA is subject to protest, appeal or litigation, which can delay or halt projects. The NEPA review process, including potential disputes regarding the level of evaluation required for climate change impacts, may extend the time and/or increase the costs and difficulty of obtaining necessary governmental approvals, and may lead to litigation regarding the adequacy of the NEPA analysis, which could delay or potentially preclude the issuance of approvals or grant of leases.

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The Council on Environmental Quality recently released guidance discussing how federal agencies should consider the effects of GHG emissions and climate change in their NEPA evaluations. The guidance encourages agencies to provide more detailed discussion of the direct, indirect, and cumulative impacts of a proposed action’s reasonably foreseeable emissions and effects. This guidance could create additional delays and costs in the NEPA review process or in our operations, or even an inability to obtain necessary federal approvals for our operations due to the increased risk of legal challenges from environmental groups seeking additional analysis of climate impacts.

Other Environmental Laws

We are required to comply with numerous other federal, state, and local environmental laws and regulations in addition to those previously discussed. These additional laws include but are not limited to the Safe Drinking Water Act, the Toxic Substances Control Act, and the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act. Each of these laws can impact permitting or planned operations and can result in additional costs or operational delays.

propriété

Our principal offices are located at 9002 Technology Lane, Fishers, Indiana 46038. We pay $2,500 per month in rent for the office space and the rental lease expired in December 2018 and is continuing on a month-to-month basis. We also rent office space from an affiliated entity, LRR, at 11000 Highway 7 South, Kite, Kentucky 41828 and pay $500 per month rent and the rental lease expires October 30, 2021.

The Company also utilizes various office spaces on-site at its coal mining operations and coal preparation plant locations in eastern Kentucky, with such rental payments covered under any surface lease contracts with any of the surface land owners.

Az alkalmazottak

ARC, through its operating subsidiaries, employs a combination of company employees and contract labor to mine coal, process coal, and related functions. The Company is continually evaluating the use of company employees and contract labor to determine the optimal mix of each, given the needs of the Company. Currently, McCoy Elkhorn’s Mine #15, McCoy Elkhorn’s Carnegie 1 Mine and Deane Mining’s Access Energy mine are primarily run by company employees, and Deane Mining’s Razorblade Surface mine is primarily run by contract labor, and the Company’s various coal preparation facilities are run by company employees.

The Company currently has approximately 227 employees, with a substantial majority based in eastern Kentucky. The Company is headquartered in Fishers, Indiana with six members of the Company’s executive team based at this location.

Implications of Being an Emerging Growth Company

We qualify as an emerging growth company as that term is used in the JOBS Act. An emerging growth company may take advantage of specified reduced reporting and other burdens that are otherwise applicable generally to public companies. These provisions include:

·

A requirement to have only two years of audited financial statements and only two years of related MD&A;

·

Exemption from the auditor attestation requirement in the assessment of the emerging growth company’s internal control over financial reporting under Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002;

·

Reduced disclosure about the emerging growth company’s executive compensation arrangements; et

·

No non-binding advisory votes on executive compensation or golden parachute arrangements.

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We have already taken advantage of these reduced reporting burdens in this Form 10-K, which are also available to us as a smaller reporting company as defined under Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”).

In addition, Section 107 of the JOBS Act also provides that an emerging growth company can take advantage of the extended transition period provided in Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) for complying with new or revised accounting standards. We are choosing to utilize the extended transition period for complying with new or revised accounting standards under Section 102(b)(2) of the JOBS Act. This election allows our Company to delay the adoption of new or revised accounting standards that have different effective dates for public and private companies until those standards apply to private companies. As a result of this election, our financial statements may not be comparable to companies that comply with public company effective dates.

We could remain an emerging growth company for up to five years, or until the earliest of (i) the last day of the first fiscal year in which our annual gross revenues exceed $1 billion, (ii) the date that we become a “large accelerated filer” as defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act, which would occur if the market value of our common stock that is held by non-affiliates exceeds $700 million as of the last business day of our most recently completed second fiscal quarter, or (iii) the date on which we have issued more than $1 billion in non-convertible debt during the preceding three year period.

We are a reporting company and file all reports required under sections 13 and 15d of the Exchange Act.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

Because we are a Smaller Reporting Company, we are not required to provide the information required by this item.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

Item 2. Properties.

Our principal offices are located at 9002 Technology Lane, Fishers, Indiana 46038. We pay $2,500 per month in rent for the office space and the rental lease expired in December 2018 and is continuing on a month-to-month basis. We also rent office space, from an affiliated entity, at 11000 Highway 7 South, Kite, Kentucky 41828 and pay $500 per month rent and the rental lease expires October 30, 2021. The future annual rent is $6,000 through 2021. Rent expense for 2018 and 2017 amounted to $36,000 and $26,000 each year, respectively.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings.

From time to time, we are subject to ordinary routine litigation incidental to our normal business operations. We are not currently a party to, and our property is not subject to, any material legal proceedings.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

The information concerning mine safety violations or other regulatory matters required by Section 1503(a) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and Item 104 of Regulation S-K is included in Exhibit 95.1 to this Annual Report.

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PART II.

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Market Information.

Our Class A Common Stock (also referred to as common stock or shares) is presently traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market under the ticker symbol AREC. Our common stock has been thinly traded since our Company’s inception. Moreover, we do not believe that any institutional or other large-scale trading of our stock has occurred or will in fact occur in the near future. The following table sets forth information as reported by the OTC Markets Group for the high and low bid and ask prices for each of the eight quarters ending December 31, 2018 for our common stock. The following prices reflect inter-dealer prices without retail markup, markdown or commissions and may not reflect actual transactions.

High

Low

Quarters ending in 2017

March 31

$

18.00

$

1.53

June 30

6.60

1.00

September 30

1.00

0.05

December 31

0.05

0.50

Quarters ending in 2018

March 31

$

4.50

$

0.05

June 30

2.25

1.00

September 30

7.05

1.00

December 31

$

13.49

$

5.85

(b) Holders

As of April 1, 2019, the Company had 162 Class A Common Stock shareholders of record holding 23,316,197 shares of our Class A Common Stock issued and outstanding. This number includes one position at Cede & Co., which includes an unknown number of shareholders holding shares of 1,954,450 Class A Common Stock. The number of both shareholders of record and beneficial shareholders may change on a daily basis and without the Company’s immediate knowledge.

(c) Dividends

Holders of common stock are entitled to receive dividends as may be declared by our Board of Directors and, in the event of liquidation, to share pro rata in any distribution of assets after payment of liabilities and preferred shareholders. Our Board of Directors has sole discretion to determine: (i) whether to declare a dividend; (ii) the dividend rate, if any, on the shares of any class of series of our capital stock, and if so, from which date or dates; and (iii) the relative rights of priority of payment of dividends, if any, between the various classes and series of our capital stock. We have not paid any dividends and do not have any current plans to pay any dividends.

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No established public market for common stock

Although there have been a few trades of our stock on the OTC Pinks, the quotations have been limited and sporadic and thus, there is presently no established public market for our common stock. There is no assurance that a trading market will develop, or, if developed, that it will be sustained. A purchaser of our securities may, therefore, find it difficult to resell our securities should he or she desire to do so. Effective, February 15, 2019, The Company’s Common Stock began trading on the NASDAQ Capital Market.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities.

CLASS A COMMON STOCK

During the periods ending December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company engaged in the sale of its unregistered securities as described below. The shares of our Class A Common Stock were issued pursuant to an exemption from registration in Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933. These shares of our Class A Common Stock qualified for exemption under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933 since the issuance of shares by us did not involve a public offering. The offering was not a “public offering” as defined in Section 4(a)(2) due to the insubstantial number of persons involved in the deal, size of the offering, manner of the offering and number of shares offered. We did not undertake an offering in which we sold a high number of shares to a high number of investors. In addition, these shareholders had necessary investment intent as required by Section 4(a)(2) since they agreed to receive share certificates bearing a legend stating that such shares are restricted pursuant to Rule 144 of the 1933 Act. This restriction ensures that these shares would not be immediately redistributed into the market and therefore not be part of a “public offering.” All shareholders are “sophisticated investors” and are family members, friends or business acquaintances of our officers and directors. Based on an analysis of the above factors, we believe we have met the requirements to qualify for exemption under section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933 for this transaction.

On July 18, 2018, we issued 150,000 restricted common shares to Sylva International LLC for an agreement to provide digital marketing services to the Company. The agreement was subsequently terminated by the Company for breach of contract.

On September 14, 2018, we issued 105,000 restricted common shares and 175,000 warrants to Redstone Communications LLC and 45,000 restricted common shares and 75,000 to Mr. Marlin Molinaro as compensation for the first six months of an agreement to provide for public relations with existing shareholders, broker dealers, and other investment professionals for the Company.

On October 24, 2018, warrants totaling 69,420 common shares of the company were exercised by a non-affiliated shareholder. The exercise was a cashless exercise.

On November 5, 2018, 4,336,012 Series A preferred shares were converted into 14,453,373 common shares of the company in a cashless conversion under the terms of the agreement.

On November 7, 2018, Wyoming County Coal LLC, acquired 5 permits, coal processing and loading facilities, surface ownership, mineral ownership, and coal refuse storage facilities from unrelated entities. As part of the consideration for the acquired assets we issued 1,727,273 shares of common stock of the Company to the seller.

On November 7, 2018, 964,290 Series B preferred shares were converted into 267,859 common shares of the company in a cashless conversion.

On November 7, 2018, $36,000 worth of trade payables were settled with 6,000 common shares of the company.

On November 14, 2018, $225,000 worth of equipment debt was settled with 37,500 common shares of the company.

On December 3, 2018, 10,000 shares of Class A Common stock and a warrant to purchase 417 shares of the company were issued to an unrelated firm for consulting services. The warrant has a strike price of $6.00 per share, has a two-year term, and can be exercised via a cashless exercise by the holder at any time during its term. The agreement also carries the commitment that a cash fee of $10,000 will be payable under the agreement at the time the company closes a financing of greater than $1.0 million. An additional 15,000 shares will be issued on June 1, 2019 if the agreement is still in effect.

On January 16, 2019, an affiliate of the Company converted its remaining 29,051 shares of Series A Preferred into 96,837 Class A Common shares.

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On January 17, 2019, a non-affiliated shareholder partially exercised 300,000 shares of a warrant they held in the Company. The exercise was cashless, and the shareholder received 299,697 shares of common stock as a result of the conversion.

On January 25, 2019, the Company extended its consulting agreement with Redstone Communications, LLC for an additional six-month term, and as a result, we issued 105,000 restricted common shares to Redstone Communications LLC and 45,000 restricted common shares to Mr. Marlin Molinaro, another five-year warrant to purchase up to 175,000 common shares of our Company at an exercise price of $1.50 per share and issued to Mr. Marlin Molinaro another five-year warrant to purchase up to 75,000 common shares of our Company at an exercise price of $1.50 per share as compensation for the second six months of an agreement. Should Redstone Communications, LLC and Mr. Molinaro receive and exercise the warrants received under the second six months of engagement, the Company will receive up to $262,500 and $112,500, respectively. These common shares have not been physically issued.

On January 27, 2019, the Company issued 1,000 shares of Class A Common Stock to an unrelated party for the consideration of $5,000 cash to the Company.

On January 28, 2019, the Company issued a total of 400 shares of Class A Common Stock to two unrelated parties for the total consideration of $2,000 cash to the Company.

On January 30, 2019, the Company entered into an Investor Relations Agreement with American Capital Ventures, Inc. (“American Capital”) whereby American Capital will provide, among other services, assistance to the Company in planning, reviewing and creating corporate communications, press releases, and presentations and consulting and liaison services to the Company relating to the conception and implementation of its corporate and business development plan. The term of the agreement is six months and American Capital was immediately issued 9,000 shares of Class A Common stock as compensation under the agreement.

On February 1, 2019, the Company issued a total of 1,000 shares of Class A Common Stock to two unrelated parties for the total consideration of $5,000 cash to the Company.

On February 12, 2019, McCoy signed a contract with an unrelated party for the acquisition of stock and membership interests of entities with non-operating assets consisting of surface and mineral ownership and other related agreements. The transaction is expected to close simultaneous with this offering. Consideration is expected to be in the form of 2,000,000 Class A common shares, priced at $12.79 per share of common stock, as well as $500,000 cash and a promissory note totaling $2,000,000 with a maturity of less than 1 year. The note is secured by a land contract on the acquired property.

On February 6, 2019, a non-affiliated shareholder partially exercised 300,000 shares of a warrant they held in the Company. The exercise was cashless, and the shareholder received 299,730 shares of common stock as a result of the conversion.

On February 4 through February 8, 2019, the Company issued a total of 17,800 shares of Class A Common Stock to sixteen unrelated parties for the total consideration of $89,000 cash to the Company.

On February 10, 2019, $3,000 worth of trade payables were settled with 500 common shares of the company.

On February 14, 2019, 452,729 Series A preferred shares were converted into 1,509,097 common shares of the company in a cashless conversion under the terms of the agreement. This resulted in no more Series A Preferred stock being outstanding.

On February 20, 2019, the Company issued 1,000,000 shares of Class A Common Stock at a price of $4 per share in conjunction with its effective S-1/A Registration Statement.  Net proceeds to the Company amounted to $3,695,000.  On March 7, 2019, the Company issued an additional 150,000 shares of Class A Common Stock at a price of $4 per share as the over-allotment from the effective A-1/A Registration Statement. The net proceeds to the company amounted to $558,000.

During the twelve months ended December 31, 2018 the Company issued shares of our Class A Common Stock at fair market value of the share price as set forth in the table below.

Date

Name

Shares

Fair Market Value

Dollar Amount

7/18/2018

Sylva International LLC

150,000

$

1.10/share

$

165,000

9/14/18

Redstone Communications LLC

105,000

1.45

152,250

9/14/18

Mr. Marlin Molinaro

45,000

1.45

65,250

11/7/18

Mr. Thomas Shelton

1,727,273

12.79

22,091,822

11/7/18

George & George LLC

6,000

6.00

36,000

11/14/18

The Baughan Group, Inc.

37,500

6.00

225,000

11/1/18

North Coast Advisors

10,000

10.00

100,000

On February 22, 2017, Tarpon Bay Partners LLC converted its $50,000 promissory note and accrued interest held in the Company into 33,334 common shares, representing the full value of the promissory note held by Tarpon Bay Partners LLC.

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During the twelve months ended December 31, 2017 the Company issued shares to a non-related party for services, recorded at the fair market value of the share price, in the amount of 13,333 common shares. Additional shares of our common stock were issued at fair market value of the share price as set forth in the table below.

Date

Name

Shares

Fair Market Érték

Dollar Amount

7/5/2017

Oscaleta Partners LLC

13,333

$

.75/share

$

10,000

SERIES A PREFERRED STOCK

Our certificate of incorporation authorizes our board of directors, subject to any limitations prescribed by law, without further stockholder approval, to establish and to issue from time to time our Series A Preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share, covering up to an aggregate of 5,000,000 shares of Series A Preferred stock. The Series A Preferred stock will cover the number of shares and will have the powers, preferences, rights, qualifications, limitations and restrictions determined by the board of directors, which may include, among others, dividend rights, liquidation preferences, voting rights, conversion rights, preemptive rights and redemption rights. Except as provided by law or in a preferred stock designation, the holders of preferred stock will not be entitled to vote at or receive notice of any meeting of stockholders. Effective November 5, 2018, the eleven Series A Preferred holders elected to proportionally convert a total of 4,336,012 of the 4,817,792 total Series A Preferred stock outstanding into 14,453,373 common shares of the company, and as a result, 481,780 shares of Series A Preferred stock remain as currently outstanding.

Pursuant to the Series A Preferred Stock Designation, the holders of the Series A Preferred stock are entitled to three hundred thirty-three and one-third votes, on an “as-converted” basis, per each Series A Preferred share held of record on all matters to be voted upon by the stockholders. The holders of the Series A Preferred stock are not entitled to receive dividends.

The holders of the Series A Preferred stock are entitled to convert into common shares, at the holder’s discretion, at a rate of one Series A Preferred share for three and one-third common shares. Any fractional common shares created by the conversion is rounded to the nearest whole common share.

Upon our liquidation, dissolution, distribution of assets or other winding up, the holders of the Series A Preferred stock shall be entitled to receive in preference to the holders of the Common Stock a per share amount equal to $1.65 per share.

SERIES B PREFERRED STOCK

Our certificate of incorporation authorizes our Board of Directors, subject to any limitations prescribed by law, without further stockholder approval, to establish and to issue from time to time our Series B Preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, covering up to an aggregate of 20,000,000 shares of Series B Preferred stock. The Series B Preferred stock will cover the number of shares and will have the powers, preferences, rights, qualifications, limitations and restrictions determined by the Board of Directors, which may include, among others, dividend rights, liquidation preferences, voting rights, conversion rights, preemptive rights and redemption rights. Except as provided by law or in a preferred stock designation, the holders of preferred stock will not be entitled to vote at or receive notice of any meeting of stockholders. As of December 31, 2018 and 2017, 0 and 903,157 shares of Series B Preferred stock are outstanding, respectively. The amount outstanding as of 2017 includes 850,000 shares of Series B Preferred stock issued to investors and 53,157 shares of Series B Preferred stock issued as part of the 8.0% annual dividend that is accrued and paid in-kind, as described below.

The holders of Series B Preferred shares are entitled to no voting rights until the holder converts any or all of their Series B Preferred shares to common shares. The holders of the Series B Preferred shall accrue and pay-in-kind with additional Series B Preferred stock a dividend based on an 8.0% annual percentage rate, compounded quarterly in arrears, for any Series B Preferred stock that is outstanding at the end of such prior quarter.

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The holders of the Series B Preferred stock are entitled to convert into common shares, at the holder’s discretion, at a conversion price of Three Dollars Sixty Cents ($3.60) per share of common stock, subject to certain price adjustments found in the Series B Preferred stock purchase agreements.

Upon our liquidation, dissolution, distribution of assets or other winding up, the holders of Series B Preferred shares shall have a liquidation preference to the common shares and Series A Preferred shares outstanding in the amount equal to the amount initially invested by the Series B Preferred holder in the Series B Preferred stock at the time of such investment minus the pro rata amount that has been converted into common stock or redeemed.

On November 7, 2018, 964,290 Series B preferred shares were converted into 267,859 common shares of the company in a cashless conversion.

SERIES C PREFERRED STOCK

Our certificate of incorporation authorizes our Board of Directors, subject to any limitations prescribed by law, without further stockholder approval, to establish and to issue from time to time our Series C Preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, covering up to an aggregate of 20,000,000 shares of Series C Preferred stock. The Series C Preferred stock will cover the number of shares and will have the powers, preferences, rights, qualifications, limitations and restrictions determined by the Board of Directors, which may include, among others, dividend rights, liquidation preferences, voting rights, conversion rights, preemptive rights and redemption rights. Except as provided by law or in a preferred stock designation, the holders of preferred stock will not be entitled to vote at or receive notice of any meeting of stockholders.

The holders of Series C Preferred shares are entitled to vote on an “as-converted” basis of one share of Series C Preferred Stock voting for one vote of common stock. The holders of the Series C Preferred shall accrue and pay-in-kind with additional Series C Preferred stock a dividend based on an 10.0% annual percentage rate, compounded annually in arrears, for any Series C Preferred stock that is outstanding at the end of such prior year.

The holders of the Series C Preferred stock are entitled to convert into common shares, at the holder’s discretion, at a conversion price of Six Dollars ($6.00) per share of common stock, subject to certain price adjustments found in the Series C Preferred stock purchase agreements. Should the company complete an equity offering (including any offering convertible into equity of the Company) of greater than Five Million Dollars ($5,000,000) (the “Underwritten Offering”), then the Series C Preferred stock shall be automatically and without notice convertible into Common Stock of the company concurrently with the subsequent Underwritten Offering at the same per share offering price of the Underwritten Offering. If the Underwritten Offering occurs within twelve months of the issuance of the Series C Preferred stock to the holder, the annual dividend of 10.0% shall become immediately accrued to the balance of the Series C Preferred stock and converted into the Underwritten Offering.

Upon our liquidation, dissolution, distribution of assets or other winding up, the holders of Series C Preferred shares shall have a liquidation preference to the common shares at an amount equal to $1.00 per share.

On November 27, 2018, 50,000 shares of Series C preferred shares were sold at $1.00 per share resulting in proceeds of $50,000 for the Company.

“BLANK CHECK” PREFERRED STOCK

Our certificate of incorporation authorizes our board of directors, subject to any limitations prescribed by law, without further stockholder approval, to establish and to issue from time to time up to an aggregate of 70,000,000 shares of preferred stock that is considered “blank check”. The blank check preferred stock shall be designed by the Board of Directors at the time of classification

OPTIONS AND WARRANTS

On September 12, 2018, the Company issued 636,830 options for common stock to employees under the adopted 2018 Employee Stock Option Plan.

On September 14, 2018, the Company issued 175,000 warrants to Redstone Communications, LLC.  These warrants have an exercise price of $1 and expire on September 13, 2023.

On September 14, 2018, the Company issued 75,000 warrants to Mr. Marlin Molinaro.  These warrants have an exercise price of $1 and expire on September 13, 2023.

On December 3, 2018, the Company issued 417 warrants to North Coast Advisors. These warrants have an exercise price of $6 and expire on December 2, 2020.

On November 15, 2018, the Company issued 15,000 options each (45,000 in total) to its three independent directors.  These options have an exercise price of $6 and expire on November 14, 2021.

On January 25, 2019, the Company issued 175,000 warrants to Redstone Communications, LLC.  These warrants have an exercise price of $1.50 and expire on January 24, 2024.

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On January 25, 2019, the Company issued 75,000 warrants to Mr. Marlin Molinaro.  These warrants have an exercise price of $1.50 and expire on January 24, 2024.

Pursuant to our Series B Preferred stock offering, investors in the Series B Preferred stock received warrants to purchase additional common shares at exercise prices stated within such warrant. The warrants have an expiration date of two or three years post the date of the investment in the Series B Preferred stock by the investor.

Should all Series B Preferred stock warrant holders fully exercise their right to purchase shares, for cash, the Company will receive $1,262,675 proceeds from such exercises and will increase the common shares outstanding by 236,135 shares. During 2018, 69,420 warrants were exercised into Class A common shares of the Company.

On June 27, 2017 we entered into a settlement agreement with Oscaleta Partners LLC, a company we engaged on February 20, 2017 to perform consulting services to the Company, and as part of that settlement, we issued to Oscaleta Partners LLC the amount of 13,333 restricted shares, of the Company’s common stock, and a three-year warrant to purchase up to 33,333 common shares of stock of the Company at an exercise price of $3.60 per share. Should Oscaleta Partners LLC exercise all of its shares under the warrant, the company will receive $119,999 cash proceeds.

As compensation to Bill Bishop for his service on the Board of Directors of the Company, on May 10, 2017 we issued Mr. Bishop a three-year warrant to purchase up to 8,334 common shares of our company at an exercise price of $3.60 per share, subject to certain price adjustments and other provisions found within the warrants issued to Mr. Bishop. Should Mr. Bishop exercise the warrants through a cash payment to the Company, the Company will receive up to $30,002 from Mr. Bishop and he will receive up to 8,334 restricted common shares of the Company. There are no registration rights associated with this warrant that require the Company to register the shares.

On October 4, 2017, we entered into a financing transaction with Golden Properties Ltd., a British Columbia company based in Vancouver, Canada (“Golden Properties”) that involved a series of loans made by Golden Properties to the Company. As part of that financing, we issued to Golden Properties the following warrants:

·

Warrant B-4, for the purchase of 3,417,006 shares of common stock at $0.01 per share, as adjusted from time to time, expiring on October 4, 2020, and providing the Company with up to $34,170 in cash proceeds should all the warrants be exercised;

·

Warrant C-1, for the purchase of 400,000 shares of common stock at $3.55 per share, as adjusted from time to time, expiring on October 4, 2019, and providing the Company with up to $1,420,000 in cash proceeds should all the warrants be exercised;

·

Warrant C-2, for the purchase of 400,000 shares of common stock at $7.09 per share, as adjusted from time to time, expiring on October 4, 2019, and providing the Company with up to $2,836,000 in cash proceeds should all the warrants be exercised;

·

Warrant C-3, for the purchase of 400,000 shares of common stock at $8.58 per share, as adjusted from time to time, expiring October 2, 2020, and providing the Company with up to $3,432,000 in cash proceeds should all the warrants be exercised; et

·

Warrant C-4, for the purchase of 400,000 shares of common stock at $11.44 per share, as adjusted from time to time, expiring October 2, 2020, and providing the Company with up to $4,576,000 in cash proceeds should all the warrants be exercised.

As of the date of this annual report, 600,000 shares of Warrant B-4 have been exercised cashlessly and as a result the shareholder received 599,427 shares of common stock as a result of the exercise.

During the period the options and warrants are outstanding, we will reserve from our authorized and unissued common stock a sufficient number of shares to provide for the issuance of shares of common stock underlying the options and warrants upon the exercise of the options and warrants. No fractional shares will be issued upon the exercise of the options or warrants. The options and warrants are not listed on any securities exchange. Except as otherwise provided within the option or warrant, the option and warrant holders have no rights or privileges as members of the Company until they exercise their options or warrants.

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Item 6. Selected Financial Data.

The registrant qualifies as a smaller reporting company, as defined by Rule 229.10(f)(1) and is not required to provide the information required by this Item.

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contain forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Our actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those set forth under “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this report. The management’s discussion, analysis of financial condition, and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our financial statements and notes thereto contained elsewhere in this annual report.

Our Business Overview.

When we formed our Company, our focus was to (i) construct and/or purchase and manage a chain of combined gasoline, diesel and natural gas (NG) fueling and service stations (initially, in the Miami, FL area); (ii) construct conversion factories to convert NG to liquefied natural gas (LNG) and compressed natural gas (CNG); and (iii) construct conversion factories to retrofit vehicles currently using gasoline or diesel fuel to also run on NG in the United States and also to build a convenience store to serve our customers in each of our locations.

On January 5, 2017, American Resources Corporation (ARC or the Company) executed a Share Exchange Agreement between the Company and Quest Energy Inc. (Quest Energy), a private company incorporated in the State of Indiana on May 2015 with offices at 9002 Technology Lane, Fishers, IN 46038, and due to the fulfillment of various conditions precedent to closing of the transaction, the control of the Company was transferred to the Quest Energy shareholders on February 7, 2017. This transaction resulted in Quest Energy becoming a wholly-owned subsidiary of ARC. Through Quest Energy, ARC was able to acquire coal mining and coal processing operations, substantially all located in eastern Kentucky.

Quest Energy currently has five coal mining and processing operating subsidiaries: McCoy Elkhorn Coal LLC (doing business as McCoy Elkhorn Coal Company) (McCoy Elkhorn), Knott County Coal LLC (Knott County Coal), Deane Mining LLC (Deane Mining) and Quest Processing LLC (Quest Processing) located in eastern Kentucky within the Central Appalachian coal basin, and ERC Mining Indiana Corporation (ERC) located in southwest Indiana within the Illinois coal basin. The coal deposits under control by the Company are generally comprise of metallurgical coal (used for steel making), pulverized coal injections (used in the steel making process) and high-BTU, low sulfur, low moisture bituminous coal used for a variety of uses within several industries, including industrial customers, specialty products and thermal coal used for electricity generation.

McCoy Elkhorn Coal LLC

Located primarily within Pike County, Kentucky, McCoy Elkhorn is currently comprised of two active mines (Mine #15 and the Carnegie 1 Mine), two coal preparation facilities (Bevins #1 and Bevins #2), and other mines in various stages of development or reclamation. McCoy Elkhorn sells its coal to a variety of customers, both domestically and internationally, primarily to the steel making industry as a high-vol “B” coal or blended coal, and high-grade thermal coal to utilities.

Mine #15 is an underground mine in the Millard (also known as Glamorgan) coal seam and located near Meta, Kentucky. Mine #15 is mined via room-and-pillar mining methods using continuous miners, and the coal is belted directly from the stockpile to McCoy Elkhorn’s coal preparation facility. Mine #15 is currently a “company run” mine, whereby the Company manages the workforce at the mine. The coal from Mine #15 is stockpiled at the mine site and belted directly to the Company’s nearby coal preparation facilities. Production at Mine #15 re-commenced under Quest Energy’s ownership in September 2016.

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The Carnegie 1 Mine is an underground mine in the Alma and Upper Alma coal seams and located near Kimper, Kentucky. In 2011, coal production from the Carnegie 1 Mine in the Alma coal seam commenced and then subsequently the mine was idled. Production at the Carnegie 1 Mine was reinitiated in early 2017 under Quest Energy’s ownership and is currently being mined via room-and-pillar mining methods utilizing a continuous miner. The coal is stockpiled on-site and trucked approximately 7 miles to McCoy Elkhorn’s preparation facilities. The Carnegie 1 Mine is currently a “company run” mine, whereby the Company manages the workforce at the mine and pays all expenses of the mine.

There are two coal preparation facilities at McCoy Elkhorn: the Bevins #1 Preparation Plant, an 800 ton-per hour coal preparation facility, and the Bevins #2 Preparation Plant, located on the same permit site as Bevins #1, and a 500 ton-per-hour processing facility. Both coal preparation plants have fine coal recovery and a stoker circuits for enhanced coal recovery and coal sizing options.

Both Bevins #1 and Bevins #2 have a batch-weight loadout and rail spur for loading coal into trains for rail shipments. The spur has storage for 110 rail cars and is serviced by CSX Transportation and is located on CSX’s Big Sandy, Coal Run Subdivision. Both Bevins #1 and Bevins #2 have coarse refuse and slurry impoundments called Big Groundhog and Lick Branch Impoundments.

Knott County Coal LLC

Located primarily within Knott County, Kentucky (but with additional idled permits in Leslie County, Perry County, and Breathitt County, Kentucky), Knott County Coal is comprised of 17 idled mining permits (or permits in reclamation) and permits for two preparation facilities: the Supreme Energy Preparation Plant and the Raven Preparation Plant, both of which are also idled. The idled mining permits are either in various stages of reclamation or being maintained as idled, pending any changes to the coal market that may warrant reinitiating production. The idled mines at Knott County Coal are primarily underground mines that utilize room-and-pillar mining.

The idled Supreme Energy Preparation Plant is a 450 ton-per-hour coal preparation facility located in Kite, Kentucky. The Bates Branch rail loadout associated with the Supreme Energy Preparation Plant is a batch-weigh rail loadout with 110 rail car storage capacity and serviced by CSX Transportation in their Big Sandy rate district. The Supreme Energy Preparation Plant has a coarse refuse and slurry impoundment called the King Branch Impoundment.

Knott County Coal is also owner of the permits to the idled Raven Preparation Plant, an 800 ton-per-hour coal preparation facility with a fine coal circuit, located in Raven, Kentucky. The Raven rail loadout is a batch-weight rail loadout with 110 car storage capacity and services by CSX Transportation in their Big Sandy rate district. The Raven Preparation Plant has a coarse refuse and slurry impoundment called the Big Branch Impoundment.

Deane Mining LLC

Located within Letcher County and Knott County, Kentucky, Deane Mining is comprised of one active underground coal mine (the Access Energy Mine), one active surface mine (Razorblade Surface) and one active coal preparation facility called Mill Creek Preparation Plant, along with 12 additional idled mining permits (or permits in reclamation). The idled mining permits are either in various stages of development, reclamation or being maintained as idled, pending any changes to the coal market that may warrant re-starting production.

Access Energy is an underground mine in the Elkhorn 3 coal seam and located in Deane, Kentucky. Access Energy is mined via room-and-pillar mining methods using continuous miners, and the coal is belted directly from the mine to the raw coal stockpile at the Mill Creek Preparation Plant across the road from Access Energy. Access Energy is currently a “company run” mine, whereby the Company manages the workforce at the mine and pays all expenses of the mine.

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Razorblade Surface is a surface mine targeting the Hazard 4 and Hazard 4 Rider coal seams and located in Deane, Kentucky. Coal produced from Razorblade Surface is trucked approximately one mile to the Mill Creek Preparation Plant.

Coal from Access Energy is processed at Deane Mining’s Mill Creek Preparation Plant, an 800 ton-per hour coal preparation facility with a batch-weight loadout and rail spur for loading coal into trains for rail shipments. The spur has storage for 110 rail cars and is serviced by CSX Transportation and is located on both CSX’s Big Sandy rate district and CSX’s Elkhorn rate district. The Mill Creek Preparation Plant has a coarse refuse and slurry impoundment called Razorblade Impoundment.

Quest Processing LLC

Quest Energy’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Quest Processing, manages the assets, operations, and personnel of the certain coal processing and transportation facilities of Quest Energy’s various other subsidiaries, namely the Supreme Energy Preparation Facility (of Knott County Coal LLC), the Raven Preparation Facility (of Knott County Coal LLC), and Mill Creek Preparation Facility (of Deane Mining LLC). Quest Processing LLC was the recipient of a New Markets Tax Credit loan that allowed for the payment of certain expenses of these preparation facilities. As part of that financing transaction, Quest Energy loaned Quest MGMT LLC, an entity owned by members of Quest Energy, Inc.’s management, $4,120,000 to facilitate the New Markets Tax Credit loan, of which is all outstanding as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. ERC Mining LLC is considered a variable interest entity and is consolidated into Quest Energy’s financial statements.

ERC Mining Indiana Corporation (the Gold Star Mine)

Quest Energy, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, ERC Mining Indiana Corporation (ERC), has a management agreement with an unrelated entity, LC Energy Operations LLC to manage an underground coal mine, clean coal processing facility and rail loadout located in Greene County, Indiana (referred to as the “Gold Star Mine”) for a monthly cash and per-ton fee. As part of that management agreement, ERC manages the operations of the Gold Star Mine, is the holder of the mining permit, provides the reclamation bonding, is the owner of some of the equipment located at the Gold Star Mine, and provides the employment for the personnel located at the Gold Star Mine. LC Energy Operations LLC owns the remaining equipment and infrastructure, is the lessee of the mineral (and the owner of some of the mineral and surface) and provides funding for the operations. Currently the coal mining operations at the Gold Star Mine are idled.

In addition to the current owned permits and controlled coal deposits, ARC may, from time to time, and frequently, acquire additional coal mining permits or deposits, or dispose of coal mining permits or deposits currently held by ARC, as management of the Company deems appropriate.

Mineral and Surface Leases

Coal mining and processing involves the extraction of coal (mineral) and the use of surface property incidental to such extraction and processing. All of the mineral and surface related to the Company’s coal mining operations is leased from various mineral and surface owners (the “Leases”). The Company’s operating subsidiaries, collectively, are parties to approximately 200 various Leases and other agreements required for the Company’s coal mining and processing operations. The Leases are with a variety of Lessors, from individuals to professional land management firms such as the Elk Horn Coal Company LLC and Alma Land Company. In some instances, the Company has leases with Land Resources & Royalties LLC (LRR), a professional leasing firm that is an entity wholly owned by Quest MGMT LLC, an entity owned by members of Quest Energy Inc.’s management.

Coal Sales

ARC sells its coal to domestic and international customers, some which blend ARC’s coal at east coast ports with other qualities of coal for export. Coal sales currently come from the Company’s McCoy Elkhorn’s Mine #15 and Carnegie 1 mines, Knott County Coal’s Wayland Surface mine, and Deane Mining’s Access Energy and Razorblade Surface mines. The Company may, at times, purchase coal from other regional producers to sell on its contracts.

Coal sales at the Company is primarily outsource to third party intermediaries who act on the Company’s behalf to source potential coal sales and contracts. The third-party intermediaries have no ability to bind the Company to any contracts, and all coal sales are approved by management of the Company.

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Verseny

The coal industry is intensely competitive. The most important factors on which the Company competes are coal quality, delivered costs to the customer and reliability of supply. Our principal domestic competitors will include Alpha Natural Resources, Ramaco Resources, Blackhawk Mining, Coronado Coal, Arch Coal, Contura Energy, Warrior Met Coal, Alliance Resource Partners, and ERP Compliance Fuels. Many of these coal producers may have greater financial resources and larger coal deposit bases than we do. We also compete in international markets directly with domestic companies and with companies that produce coal from one or more foreign countries, such as Australia, Colombia, Indonesia and South Africa.

Legal Proceedings

From time to time, we are subject to ordinary routine litigation incidental to our normal business operations. We are not currently a party to, and our property is not subject to, any material legal proceedings.

Environmental, Governmental, and Other Regulatory Matters

Our operations are subject to federal, state, and local laws and regulations, such as those relating to matters such as permitting and licensing, employee health and safety, reclamation and restoration of mining properties, water discharges, air emissions, plant and wildlife protection, the storage, treatment and disposal of wastes, remediation of contaminants, surface subsidence from underground mining and the effects of mining on surface water and groundwater conditions. In addition, we may become subject to additional costs for benefits for current and retired coal miners. These environmental laws and regulations include, but are not limited to, the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) with respect to coal mining activities and ancillary activities; the Clean Air Act (CAA) with respect to air emissions; the Clean Water Act (CWA) with respect to water discharges and the permitting of key operational infrastructure such as impoundments; Resource Conservation and Recovery RCRA with respect to solid and hazardous waste management and disposal, as well as the regulation of underground storage tanks; the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund) with respect to releases, threatened releases and remediation of hazardous substances; the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) with respect to threatened and endangered species; and the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) with respect to the evaluation of environmental impacts related to any federally issued permit or license. Many of these federal laws have state and local counterparts which also impose requirements and potential liability on our operations.

Compliance with these laws and regulations may be costly and time-consuming and may delay commencement, continuation or expansion of exploration or production at our facilities. They may also depress demand for our products by imposing more stringent requirements and limits on our customers’ operations. Moreover, these laws are constantly evolving and are becoming increasingly complex and stringent over time. These laws and regulations, particularly new legislative or administrative proposals, or judicial interpretations of existing laws and regulations related to the protection of the environment could result in substantially increased capital, operating and compliance costs. Individually and collectively, these developments could have a material adverse effect on our operations directly and/or indirectly, through our customers’ inability to use our products.

Certain implementing regulations for these environmental laws are undergoing revision or have not yet been promulgated. As a result, we cannot always determine the ultimate impact of complying with existing laws and regulations.

Due in part to these extensive and comprehensive regulatory requirements and ever- changing interpretations of these requirements, violations of these laws can occur from time to time in our industry and also in our operations. Expenditures relating to environmental compliance are a major cost consideration for our operations and safety and compliance is a significant factor in mine design, both to meet regulatory requirements and to minimize long-term environmental liabilities. To the extent that these expenditures, as with all costs, are not ultimately reflected in the prices of our products and services, operating results will be reduced.

In addition, our customers are subject to extensive regulation regarding the environmental impacts associated with the combustion or other use of coal, which may affect demand for our coal. Changes in applicable laws or the adoption of new laws relating to energy production, greenhouse gas emissions and other emissions from use of coal products may cause coal to become a less attractive source of energy, which may adversely affect our mining operations, the cost structure and, the demand for coal.

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We believe that our competitors with operations in the United States are confronted by substantially similar conditions. However, foreign producers and operators may not be subject to similar requirements and may not be required to undertake equivalent costs in or be subject to similar limitations on their operations. As a result, the costs and operating restrictions necessary for compliance with United States environmental laws and regulations may have an adverse effect on our competitive position with regard to those foreign competitors. The specific impact on each competitor may vary depending on a number of factors, including the age and location of its operating facilities, applicable legislation and its production methods.

The Mine Act and the MINER Act, and regulations issued under these federal statutes, impose stringent health and safety standards on mining operations. The regulations that have been adopted under the Mine Act and the MINER Act are comprehensive and affect numerous aspects of mining operations, including training of mine personnel, mining procedures, roof control, ventilation, blasting, use and maintenance of mining equipment, dust and noise control, communications, emergency response procedures, and other matters. The Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) regularly inspects mines to ensure compliance with regulations promulgated under the Mine Act and MINER Act.

Due to the large number of mining permits held by the Company that have been previously mined and operated, there is a significant amount of environmental reclamation and remediation required by the Company to comply with local, state, and federal regulations for coal mining companies.

propriété

Our principal offices are located at 9002 Technology Lane, Fishers, Indiana 46038. We pay $2,500 per month in rent for the office space and the rental lease expired in December 2018 and is continuing on a month-to-month basis. We also rent office space from an affiliated entity, LRR, at 11000 Highway 7 South, Kite, Kentucky 41828 and pay $500 per month rent and the rental lease expires October 30, 2021.

The Company also utilizes various office spaces on-site at its coal mining operations and coal preparation plant locations in eastern Kentucky, with such rental payments covered under any surface lease contracts with any of the surface land owners.

Az alkalmazottak

ARC, through its operating subsidiaries, employs a combination of company employees and contract labor to mine coal, process coal, and related functions. The Company is continually evaluating the use of company employees and contract labor to determine the optimal mix of each, given the needs of the Company. Currently, McCoy Elkhorn’s Mine #15 and Deane Mining’s Razorblade Surface mine are primarily run by company employees, McCoy Elkhorn’s Carnegie 1 Mine and Deane Mining’s Razorblade Surface mine are primarily run by contract labor, and the Company’s various coal preparation facilities are run by company employees.

The Company currently has approximately 227 employees, with a substantial majority based in eastern Kentucky. The Company is headquartered in Fishers, Indiana with six members of the Company’s executive team based at this location.

Results of Operations and Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates.

The results of operations are based on preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of financial statements requires management to select accounting policies for critical accounting areas as well as estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements. The Company’s accounting policies are more fully described in Note 1 to the Notes of Financial Statements.

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Results of Operations for the years ended December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

Revenues.

Revenues for the year ended December 31, 2018 were $31,524,825 and 2017 were $20,820,998, respectively. The primary drivers for revenue growth were a full year of production from the Access Energy Mine and commencement of mining operations at the Razorblade Surface and Wayland Surface Mines. Increased mine production was necessary to fulfill market demands and customer orders.

Expenses.

Total Operating Expenses for the year ended December 31, 2018 were $43,201,530 and 2017 were $33,406,936, respectively. The primary drivers for increase in operating expenses were a full year of production from the Access Energy mine of Deane Mining as well as commencement of operations at the Razorblade Surface and Wayland Surface Mines. Production expenses, such as underground mine roof control, mining consumables and wages increased as coal mining production increased. The increased need for production expenses was caused by the increased demand for the end product due to market demands and customer orders. If demand from customers for our coal continues to increase, we anticipate these production expenses will also increase.

Total Other Income/(Expenses) for the period ended December 31, 2018 were $(1,260,607) and 2017 were $(6,580), respectively. The primary driver for the increase in other income was the gain on disposition of non-core assets.

Financial Condition.

Total Assets as of December 31, 2018 amounted to $41,363,712 and 2017 amounted to $16,293,301, respectively. The primary drivers for higher asset balance were the asset acquisitions of PointRock, Wayland and WCC and the development of the Razorblade surface mine.

Total Liabilities as of December 31, 2018 amounted to $50,563,534 and 2017 amounted to $53,458,527, respectively. The primary drivers for the decrease in liability balance was the forgiveness of the accrued management fee.

Liquidity and Capital Resources.

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern which contemplates, among other things, the realization of assets and satisfaction of liabilities in the ordinary course of business.

We are not aware of any trends or known demands, commitments, events or uncertainties that will result in or that are reasonably likely to result in material increases or decreases in liquidity.

Capital Resources.

We had no material commitments for capital expenditures as of December 31, 2018.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We have made no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources that is material to investors.

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Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk.

The Company qualifies as a smaller reporting company, as defined by SEC Rule 229.10(f)(1) and is not required to provide the information required by this Item.

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

The report of the independent registered public accounting firm and the financial statements listed on the accompanying index at page F-1 of this report are filed as part of this report and incorporated herein by reference.

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure.

We did not have any disagreements on accounting and financial disclosure with our accounting firm during the reporting period.

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.

The management, with participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 12a-15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), as of the end of the period covered by this Annual Report. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives. In addition, the design of disclosure controls and procedures must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints and that management is required to apply is judgement in evaluating the benefits of possible controls and procedures relative to their costs.

Based on management’s evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of December 31, 2018, due to the weakness in internal control over financial reporting described below, our disclosure controls and procedures are not designed at a reasonable assurance level or effective to provide reasonable assurance that information we are required to disclose in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. As discussed below, we plan on increasing the size of our accounting staff at the appropriate time for our business and its size to ameliorate our auditor’s concern that the Company does not effectively segregate certain accounting duties, which we believe would resolve the material weakness in internal control over financial reporting and similarly improve disclosure controls and procedures, but there can be no assurances as to the timing of any such action or that the Company will be able to do so.

(b) Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting.

The management of the Company is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f). The Company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed under the supervision of the Company’s Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of the Company’s financial statements for external purposes in accordance with the U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

As of December 31, 2018, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operations of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and based on the criteria for effective internal control described Internal Control – Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission.. Based on this evaluation, management concluded that our internal controls over financial reporting were not effective for the purposes for which it is intended. Specifically, managements determination was based on the following material weakness which existed as of December 31, 2018:

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Due to the Company’s insufficient number of staff performing accounting and reporting functions and lack of timely reconciliations.

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of control deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim consolidated financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Notwithstanding the determination that our internal control over financial reporting was not effective, as of December 31, 2018, and that there was a material weakness as identified in this Annual Report, we believe that our consolidated financial statements contained in this Annual Report fairly present our financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the years covered hereby in all material respects.

The management, including its Principal Executive Officer and Principal Financial Officer, does not expect that its disclosure controls and procedures, or its internal controls over financial reporting will prevent all error and all fraud. A control system no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable not absolute assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefit of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any within the Company have been detected.

This Annual Report does not include an attestation report of the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm regarding internal control over financial reporting. Management’s report was not subject to attestation by the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm pursuant to the temporary rules of the SEC that permit the Company to provide only management’s report in this Annual Report.

This report shall not be deemed to be filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or otherwise subject to the liabilities of this section, and is not incorporated by reference into any filing of the Company, whether made before or after the date hereof, regardless of any general incorporation language in such filing.

(c) Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting

There have been no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the period ended December 31, 2018 that have materially affected the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting.

Item 9B. Other Information.

None.

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PART III

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.

Directors and Executive Officers.

The following individuals serve as our executive officers and members of our board of directors as of December 31, 2018:

Name

Age

Positions

Mark C. Jensen

39

Chief Executive Officer, Chairman of the Board of Directors

Thomas M. Sauve

40

President, Director

Kirk P. Taylor

39

Chief Financial Officer

Tarlis R. Thompson

35

Chief Operating Officer

Randal V. Stephenson

58

Director

Ian Sadler

67

Director

Courtenay O. Taplin

69

Director

Mark C. Jensen (age 39) – Chief Executive Officer

Mark has been an operator, investor and consultant in various natural resources and energy businesses. He has been highly involved in the navigation of numerous growth businesses to mature businesses, working as a managing member at T Squared Capital LLC since 2007, an investment firm focused on private equity styled investing in start-up businesses. Mark has significant experience with major Wall Street firms such as Citigroup and graduated from the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University with a BS in Finance and International Studies with a focus on Business. Mark also studied in Sydney Australia through Boston University completing his International Studies degree with a focus on East Asian culture and business. There are no arrangements or understandings between Mark and any other persons pursuant to which he was selected as an officer. He has no direct or indirect material interest in any transaction required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 404(a) of Regulation S-K.

Thomas M. Sauve (age 40) – President

Tom has been involved a number of energy related businesses. Prior he had been an investor and partner in various natural resources assets over the last seven years including coal mining operations and various oil and gas wells throughout Texas and the Appalachia region. Since 2007, Tom also worked as a managing member at T Squared Capital LLC, an investment firm focused on private equity styled investing in start-up businesses Tom received his Bachelor’s degree in Economics, magna cum laude, from the University of Rochester, New York, with additional studies at the Simon Graduate School of Business. There are no arrangements or understandings between Tom and any other persons pursuant to which he was selected as an officer. He has no direct or indirect material interest in any transaction required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 404(a) of Regulation S-K.

Kirk Taylor, CPA (age 39) – Chief Financial Officer

Kirk conducts all tax and financial accounting roles of the organization, and has substantial experience in tax credit analysis and financial structure. Kirk’s main focus over his 13 years in public accounting had been the auditing, tax compliance, financial modeling and reporting on complex real estate and business transactions utilizing numerous federal and state tax credit and incentive programs. Prior to joining American Resources Corporation, Kirk was Chief Financial Officer of Quest Energy, Inc., ARC’s wholly-owned subsidiary. Prior to joining Quest Energy in 2015, he was a Manager at K.B. Parrish & Co. LLP where he worked since 2014. Prior to that, he worked at Katz Sapper Miller since 2012 as Manager. In addition, Kirk is an instructor for the CPA examination and has spoken at several training and industry conferences. He received a BS in Accounting and a BS in Finance from the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University, Bloomington Indiana and is currently completing his Masters of Business Administration from the University of Saint Francis at Fort Wayne, Indiana. Kirk serves his community in various ways including as the board treasurer for a community development corporation in Indianapolis, Indiana. Kirk does not have any family relationships with any of the Company’s directors or executive officers. There are no arrangements or understandings between Kirk and any other persons pursuant to which he was selected as an officer. He has no direct or indirect material interest in any transaction required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 404(a) of Regulation S-K.

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Tarlis R. Thompson (age 35) – Chief Operating Officer

Tarlis overseas all operations at American Resources’ Central Appalachian subsidiaries, which includes McCoy Elkhorn, Deane Mining, and Knott County Coal. In this role, Tarlis manages the activities at the company’s various coal processing facilities and loadout, coordinates coal production at the company’s various mines, manages environmental compliance and reclamation, and is responsible for coal quality control and shipments to customers. Tarlis graduated from Millard High School in Kentucky in 2001 and subsequently worked for Commercial Testing and Engineering, working underground, performing surveying services and coal sampling. In 2002 he joined SGS Minerals, working as a Quality Control Manager. Shortly thereafter, he joined Massey Energy, working as logistics manager for coal shipments via truck and train, as well as a coal quality manager, working under Jim Slater and Mike Smith. After several years at Massey, Tarlis joined Central Appalachian Mining (CAM), in charge of lab analysis and environmental compliance at CAM’s various processing plants and loadouts. Tarlis graduated from Millard High School and has additional courses in Mining Engineering from Virginia Tech (Training), Business Administration Management from National College in Pikeville, and LECO Certified Course from West Virginia Training Institute. Tarlis does not have any family relationships with any of the Company’s directors or executive officers. There are no arrangements or understandings between Tarlis and any other persons pursuant to which he was selected as an officer. He has no direct or indirect material interest in any transaction required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 404(a) of Regulation S-K.

Directors:

Mark C. Jensen – Chairman of Board & Director

Mark has been an operator, investor and consultant in various natural resources and energy businesses. He has been highly involved in the navigation of numerous growth businesses to mature businesses, working as a managing member at T Squared Capital LLC since 2007, an investment firm focused on private equity styled investing in start-up businesses. Mark has significant experience with major Wall Street firms such as Citigroup and graduated from the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University with a BS in Finance and International Studies with a focus on Business. Mark also studied in Sydney Australia through Boston University completing his International Studies degree with a focus on East Asian culture and business. There are no arrangements or understandings between Mark and any other persons pursuant to which he was selected as an officer. He has no direct or indirect material interest in any transaction required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 404(a) of Regulation S-K.

Thomas M. Sauve – Director

Tom has been involved a number of energy related businesses. Prior he had been an investor and partner in various natural resources assets over the last seven years including coal mining operations and various oil and gas wells throughout Texas and the Appalachia region. Since 2007, Tom also worked as a managing member at T Squared Capital LLC, an investment firm focused on private equity styled investing in start-up businesses Tom received his Bachelor’s degree in Economics, magna cum laude, from the University of Rochester, New York, with additional studies at the Simon Graduate School of Business. There are no arrangements or understandings between Tom and any other persons pursuant to which he was selected as an officer. He has no direct or indirect material interest in any transaction required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 404(a) of Regulation S-K.

Randal V. Stephenson – Director

Randal serves as Director of American Resources Corporation. He is currently co-founder and CEO of a boutique FINRA-licensed broker dealer focused in the natural resources industry and has started and expanded several successful investment banking platforms previously at Merrill Lynch, Jefferies, CIT Group and Duff & Phelps. Randal started and managed a mining & metals equity investment subsidiary of a global trading company, acquiring over $1.0 billion in operating businesses and assets starting from just a corporate development plan. He has worldwide relationships with corporations, financial sponsors, entrepreneurs and governments and has closed over 200 transactions valued in excess of $40 billion. Randal graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor and has a Master of Business Administration degree from Harvard University and his Juris Doctorate (with honors) from Boston College Law School. He is an attorney admitted to practice in New York, and holds the Series 7, 79, 63 and 24 securities licenses. The Board nominated Randal to serve as a director because of his leadership experience and leadership in the finance industry and assisting companies with capital raising.

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Ian Sadler – Director

Ian serves as Director of American Resources Corporation. He brings decades of direct leadership and experience in the steel industry and has demonstrated expertise in successfully leading rapidly-growing companies, optimizing operational efficiencies and performance enhancements. He has experience in due diligence, joint ventures and mergers and acquisitions with a history of successfully assimilating acquired businesses into value creating enterprises. Prior to retirement, Ian was the President and CEO of Miller Centrifugal Casting International in Cecil, PA. He has a history of leadership with the Pennsylvania Foundry Group, Shenango LLC, Johnstown Corporation, Blaw-Knox Corp., and National Roll Company. He received his Bachelor’s Degree, with First Class Honors, and Master’s Degree in Metallurgy from Cambridge University and was a prior President of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineers (AIME) and previously served as President of the Iron and Steel Society. The Board nominated Ian to serve as a director because of his executive management experience and experience with growing companies in an efficient and cost-effective manner.

Courtenay O. Taplin – Director

Courtenay serves as Director of American Resources Corporation. He brings over 40 years of experience of sourcing and supplying iron ore, coke and metallurgical coal to the steel industry to assist American Resources with their supply chain, logistics, customers, overall corporate strategy. He has a vast knowledge of both the global and domestic marketplace where he works with both suppliers and consumers. Courtenay is currently Managing Director of Compass Point Resources, LLC which he founded in 2007. His prior experience includes Crown Coal & Coke Company and Pickands Mather & Company out of Cleveland, OH. Mr. Taplin attended Hobart College and received his degree from Case Western Reserve University. The Board nominated Courtenay to serve as a director because of his experience and relationships in the raw materials and coking sector and his experience in managing growing businesses.

None of the directors have been involved in any legal proceedings that would require a disclosure under Item 401 of Regulation SK.

During the past ten years, none of our directors or executive officers has been:

·

the subject of any bankruptcy petition filed by or against any business of which such person was a general partner or executive officer either at the time of the bankruptcy or within two years prior to that time;

·

convicted in a criminal proceeding or is subject to a pending criminal proceeding (excluding traffic violations and other minor offenses);

·

subject to any order, judgment or decree, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any court of competent jurisdiction, permanently or temporarily enjoining, barring, suspending or otherwise limiting his involvement in any type of business, securities or banking activities;

·

found by a court of competent jurisdiction (in a civil action), the SEC or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission to have violated a federal or state securities or commodities law, that has not been reversed, suspended, or vacated;

·

subject of, or a party to, any order, judgment, decree or finding, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, relating to an alleged violation of a federal or state securities or commodities law or regulation, law or regulation respecting financial institutions or insurance companies, law or regulation prohibiting mail or wire fraud or fraud in connection with any business entity; ou

·

subject of, or a party to, any sanction or order, not subsequently reversed, suspended or vacated, of any self-regulatory organization, any registered entity or any equivalent exchange, association, entity or organization that has disciplinary authority over its members or persons associated with a member.

None of our directors, executive officers or affiliates, or any beneficial owner of 5% or more of our common stock, or any associate of such persons, is an adverse party in any material proceeding to, or has a material interest adverse to, us.

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Separation of Duties of the Chairman of the Board, the Chief Executive Officer and the President

Due to the inherent limitations of nonexecutive chairs, the duties of the Chairman of the Board and the Chief Executive Officer have not been separated. In order to increase objectivity and fiduciary responsibilities to the shareholders both in appearance and operation, the duties of the Chief Executive Officer and the President have been separated.

Director Independence

Currently our board of directors consist of Mark C. Jensen, our Chief Executive Officer, Thomas M. Sauve, our President, Randal V. Stephenson, Ian Sadler, and Courtenay O. Taplin, of which Messrs Stephenson, Sadler, and Taplin are considered independent in accordance under the requirements of the NASDAQ, NYSE and SEC.

Limitation of Director Liability; Indemnification

Indemnity

To the fullest extent permitted by the Florida Business Corporation Act, the Company shall indemnify, or advance expenses to, any person made, or threatened to be made, a party to any action, suit or proceeding by reason of the fact that such person (i) is or was a director of the Company; (ii) is or was serving at the request of the Company as a director of another Company, provided that such person is or was at the time a director of the Company; or (iv)is or was serving at the request of the Company as an officer of another Company, provided that such person is or was at the time a director of the Company or a director of such other Company, serving at the request of the Company. Unless otherwise expressly prohibited by the Florida Business Corporation Act, and except as otherwise provided in the previous sentence, the Board of Directors of the Company shall have the sole and exclusive discretion, on such terms and conditions as it shall determine, to indemnify, or advance expenses to, any person made, or threatened to be made, a party to any action, suit, or proceeding by reason of the fact such person is or was an officer, employee or agent of the Company as an officer, employee or agent of another Company, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise. No person falling within the purview of this paragraph may apply for indemnification or advancement of expenses to any court of competent jurisdiction.

Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance

Our shares of common stock are registered under the Exchange Act, and therefore our officers, directors and holders of more than 10% of our outstanding shares are subject to the provisions of Section 16(a) which requires them to file with the SEC initial reports of ownership and reports of changes in ownership of common stock and our other equity securities. Officers, directors and greater than 10% beneficial owners are required by SEC regulations to furnish us with copies of all Section 16(a) reports they file. During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018, none of our officers, directors or 10% shareholders failed to file any Section 16 report on a timely basis.

Code of Ethics

We have adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics that applies to all of our employees, officers and directors. In addition to the Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, our principal executive officer, principal financial officer and principal accounting officer are also subject to written policies and standards that are reasonably designed to deter wrongdoing and to promote: honest and ethical conduct, including the ethical handling of actual or apparent conflicts of interest between personal and professional relationships; full, fair, accurate, timely and understandable disclosure in reports and documents that are filed with, or submitted to the SEC and in other public communications made by us; compliance with applicable government laws, rules and regulations; the prompt internal reporting of violations of the code to an appropriate person or persons identified in the code; and accountability for adherence to the code. We have posted the text of our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics on our internal website. We intend to disclose future amendments to, or waivers from, certain provisions of our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics as applicable.

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Legal Proceedings.

To the best of our knowledge, except as set forth herein, none of the directors or director designees to our knowledge has been convicted in a criminal proceeding, excluding traffic violations or similar misdemeanors, or has been a party to any judicial or administrative proceeding during the past five years that resulted in a judgment decree or final order enjoining the person from future violations of, or prohibiting activities subject to, federal or state securities laws, or finding of any violation of federal or state securities laws, except for matters that were dismissed without sanction or settlement.

Committees of the Board of Directors

Currently, our board of directors has three committees: an Audit Committee, a Compensation Committee, and a Safety and Environmental Committee. The Audit Committee and Compensation Committee are both comprised of the three independent directors of the Company. The Safety and Environmental Committee is comprised of Thomas M. Sauve and Mark C. Jensen. The composition and responsibilities of the three committees are described below.

Audit Committee

As required by the rules of the SEC, the audit committee consists solely of independent directors, who are Messrs Stephenson, Sadler, and Taplin. SEC rules also require that a public company disclose whether its audit committee has an “audit committee financial expert” as a member. An “audit committee financial expert” is defined as a person who, based on his or her experience, possesses the attributes outlined in such rules.

This committee oversees, reviews, acts on and reports on various auditing and accounting matters to our board of directors, including: the selection of our independent accountants, the scope of our annual audits, fees to be paid to the independent accountants, the performance of our independent accountants and our accounting practices. In addition, the audit committee oversees our compliance programs relating to legal and regulatory requirements. We have adopted an audit committee charter defining the committee’s primary duties in a manner consistent with the rules of the SEC and applicable stock exchange or market standards.

Compensation Committee

As required by the rules of the SEC, the compensation committee consists solely of independent directors, who are Messrs Stephenson, Sadler, and Taplin. The purpose of this committee shall be to (i) assist the board of directors in the oversight of the Company’s executive officer and director compensation programs, (ii) discharge the board of director’s duties relating to administration of the Company’s incentive compensation and any other stock- based plans, and (iii) act on specific matters within its delegated authority, as determined by the board of directors from time to time.

Safety and Environmental Committee

The board of directors formed a Safety and Environmental Committee, which is comprised of Messrs Jensen and Sauve. The purpose of this committee is to assist the board in fulfilling its responsibilities by providing oversight and support in assessing the effectiveness of the Company’s environmental, health, and safety policies, programs and initiatives. This committee will monitor the continued effectiveness of these policies and procedures by periodically reviewing the applicable environmental, health and safety laws, rules and regulations. The Committee will also perform such other functions as the Board may assign to the Committee from time to time.

Item 11. Executive Compensation.

The following table sets forth information concerning the annual and long-term compensation of our executive officers for services rendered in all capacities to us during the last two completed fiscal years. The listed individuals shall hereinafter be referred to as the “Named Executive Officers.” We also have included below a table regarding compensation paid to our directors who served during the last completed fiscal year. The address for all individuals identified in the following tables is 9002 Technology Lane, Fishers, IN 46038.

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Summary Compensation Table – Officers

(A)

(B)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)

(h)

(i)

(j)

Name and principal position

Year

Salary

($)

Bonus

($)

Stock

Awards

($)

Option

Awards

($)

Non-equity

Incentive plan

Compensation

($)

Nonqualified deferred compensation earnings

($)

All other

Compensation

($)

Total

($)

I. Andrew Weeraratne,

2018

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

(1) CEO, CFO

2017

5,000

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

5,000

Mark C. Jensen, (2) CEO

2018

156,000

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

16,326

172,326

2017

156,000

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

156,000

Thomas M. Sauve, (3) President

2018

156,000

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

16,326

172,326

2017

156,000

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

156,000

Kirk P. Taylor, (4) CFO

2018

156,000

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

23,006

179,006

2017

156,000

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

156,000

Tarlis R Thompson, (5) COO

2018

117,055

-0-

-0-

76,624

-0-

-0-

-0-

193,679

2017

111,280

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

111,280

_____________

(1)

The amount of value for the services of Mr. Weeraratne was determined by agreement for shares in which he received as a founder for (1) control, (2) willingness to serve on the Board of Directors and (3) participation in the foundational days of the corporation. Mr. Weeraratne submitted his resignation to the Company on February 7, 2017 in connection with a change of control of the Company.

(2)

Of the 2017 salary amount listed in this table, $32,000 was accrued and unpaid in 2017. On January 2, 2018, the Company entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Jensen, at an annual salary rate of $156,000. The Company also has provided for a discretionary quarterly performance bonus of up to $.64 per clean ton of coal mined. The payment of such bonus shall be in the sole discretion of the Company’s management and/or applicable Board of Directors. Other compensation totaling $16,326 included $16,326 health insurance reimbursement. Other compensation totaling $16,326 included $16,326 health insurance reimbursement.

(3)

Of the 2017 salary amount listed in this table, $32,000 was accrued and unpaid in 2017. On January 2, 2018, the Company entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Sauve, at an annual salary rate of $156,000. The Company also has provided for a discretionary quarterly performance bonus of up to $.54 per clean ton of coal mined. The payment of such bonus shall be in the sole discretion of the Company’s management and/or applicable Board of Directors. Other compensation totaling $16,326 included $16,326 health insurance reimbursement.

(4)

Of the 2017 salary amount listed in this table, $26,293 was accrued and unpaid in 2017. On January 2, 2018, the Company entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Taylor, at an annual rate of $156,000. The Company also has provided for a discretionary quarterly performance bonus of up to $.20 per clean ton of coal mined. The payment of such bonus shall be in the sole discretion of the Company’s management and/or applicable Board of Directors. Other compensation totaling $23,006 included $18,200 health insurance reimbursement and $4,806 of 2017 accrued salary.

(5)

There is no employment agreement in place for Mr. Thompson. In 2018, Mr. Thompson was awarded 136,830 options as part of the company’s 2018 stock option plan. The options to Mr. Thompson vest equally over the course of three years, and as of December 31, 2018, none of the options have vested.

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Director Compensation

(A)

(B)

(c)

(d)

(e)

(f)

(g)

(h)

Fees Earned or Paid in Cash

Stock Awards

Option Awards

Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation

Nonqualified deferred compensation earnings

All Other Compensation

Total

Name and principal position

($)

($)

($)

($)

($)

($)

($)

Mark C. Jensen (1)

2018

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

2017

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

Thomas M. Sauve (2)

2018

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

2017

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

Randal V. Stephenson (3)

2018

-0-

-0-

120,450

-0-

-0-

1,496

121,946

2017

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

Ian Sadler (4)

2018

-0-

-0-

120,450

-0-

-0-

-0-

120,450

2017

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

Courtenay O. Taplin (5)

2018

-0-

-0-

120,450

-0-

-0-

-0-

120,450

2017

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

James C. New (6)

2018

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

2017

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

I. Andrew Weeraratne (7)

2018

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

2017

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

Eugene Nichols (8)

2018

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

2017

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

Bo G. Engberg (9)

2018

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

2017

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

William D. Bishop (10)

2018

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

-0-

2017

-0-

-0-

50,000

-0-

-0-

-0-

50,000

____________

(1)

Mr. Jensen was appointed as a director on February 7, 2017. On January 2, 2018, the Company entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Jensen, at an annual salary rate of $156,000. The Company also has provided for a discretionary quarterly performance bonus of up to $.64 per clean ton of coal mined. The payment of such bonus shall be in the sole discretion of the Company’s management and/or applicable Board of Directors. Mr. Jensen is not paid separately for his services as a director for the Company.

(2)

Mr. Sauve was appointed as a director on February 7, 2017. On January 2, 2018, the Company entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Sauve, at an annual salary rate of $156,000. The Company also has provided for a discretionary quarterly performance bonus of up to $.54 per clean ton of coal mined. The payment of such bonus shall be in the sole discretion of the Company’s management and/or applicable Board of Directors. Mr. Sauve is not paid separately for his services as a director for the Company.

(3)

Mr. Stephenson was appointed as a director on November 15, 2018. In 2018, Mr. Stephenson was awarded 15,000 options for services rendered as a director. The options to Mr. Stephenson vest equally over the course of three years, and as of December 31, 2018, none of the options have vested. Other Compensation includes $1,496 of health insurance premiums paid by the Company.

(4)

Mr. Sadler was appointed as a director on November 15, 2018. In 2018, Mr. Sadler was awarded 15,000 options for services rendered as a director. The options to Mr. Sadler vest equally over the course of three years, and as of December 31, 2018, none of the options have vested.

(5)

Mr. Taplin was appointed as a director on November 15, 2018. In 2018, Mr. Taplin was awarded 15,000 options for services rendered as a director. The options to Mr. Taplin vest equally over the course of three years, and as of December 31, 2018, none of the options have vested.

(6)

Mr. New submitted his resignation to the Company on February 7, 2017 in connection with a change of control of the Company.

(7)

Mr. Weeraratne submitted his resignation to the Company on February 7, 2017 in connection with a change of control of the Company.

(8)

Mr. Nichols submitted his resignation to the Company on February 7, 2017 in connection with a change of control of the Company.

(9)

Mr. Engberg submitted his resignation to the Company on February 7, 2017 in connection with a change of control of the Company.

(10)

Mr. Bishop was appointed as director on May 10, 2017 and as compensation to Bill Bishop for his service on the Board of Directors, the Company issued Mr. Bishop a three-year warrant to purchase up to 8,334 common shares of our company at an exercise price of $3.60 per share, subject to certain price adjustments and other provisions found within the warrants issued to Mr. Bishop. Effective November 8, 2017, Mr. Bishop resigned as a director of the Company and Mr. Bishop’s resignation from the Board of Directors did not result from any disagreement with the Company.

No retirement, pension, profit sharing, stock option or insurance programs or other similar programs have been adopted by the Company for the benefit of its employees.

There are no understandings or agreements regarding compensation our management will receive after a business combination that is required to be included in this table, or otherwise.

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Employment Agreements

Except for our Chief Operating Officer, we have employment agreements with the Named Executive Officers that provide for the base salaries and a discretionary annual performance bonus of up to three times their annual base salary, plus potential participation in the Company’s Employee Incentive Stock Option Plan. The payment of such bonus and/or incentive stock options shall be in the sole discretion of the Company’s Board of Directors.

Outstanding Equity Awards

None of our current executive officers received any equity awards, including, options, restricted stock or other equity incentives from the Company as of the date hereof, other than our Chief Operating Officer, who was issued options under our Employee Incentive Stock Option Plan on September 12, 2018 to purchase up to 136,830 shares of our Company at $1.00 per share. Those options vest equally over the course of three years.

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters.

The following table lists, as of December 31, 2018, the number of shares of our Class A Common Stock and Series A Convertible Preferred Stock that are beneficially owned by (i) each person or entity known to us to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of our common stock; (ii) each executive officer and director of our company; and (iii) all executive officers and directors as a group. Information relating to beneficial ownership of Common Stock and our Convertible Preferred Stock by our principal shareholders and management is based upon information furnished by each person using “beneficial ownership” concepts under the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Under these rules, a person is deemed to be a beneficial owner of a security if that person has or shares voting power, which includes the power to vote or direct the voting of the security, or investment power, which includes the power to vote or direct the voting of the security. The person is also deemed to be a beneficial owner of any security of which that person has a right to acquire beneficial ownership within 60 days under any contract, option or warrant. Under the Securities and Exchange Commission rules, more than one person may be deemed to be a beneficial owner of the same securities, and a person may be deemed to be a beneficial owner of securities as to which he or she may not have any pecuniary beneficial interest. Except as noted below, each person has sole voting and investment power. Unless otherwise specified, the address of each beneficial owner listed in the tables is c/o American Resources Corporation, 9002 Technology Lane, Fishers, IN 46038.

Name and Address of Shareholder

Number of  Shares of

Common Stock

Beneficially

Owned (1)

Percent of  Common Stock Owned (2)

Golden Properties, Ltd. (3)

2,122,878

9.99 %

(1)

A person is deemed to be the beneficial owner of securities that can be acquired by such a person within 60 days upon exercise of options, warrants or convertible securities. Each beneficial owner’s percentage ownership is determined by assuming that options, warrants and convertible securities that are held by such a person (but not those held by any other person) and are exercisable within 60 days from that date have been exercised;

(2)

Based on 21,492,281 shares of Common Stock deemed to be outstanding as if one or more warrants were exercised up to the maximum amount of 9.99% (or 2,122,878 shares) of the issued and outstanding number of shares at December 31, 2018, including the common shares issuable from the conversion of the Series A Preferred to common and the conversion of the Series C Preferred to common. This percentage has been rounded for convenience;

(3)

Golden Properties, Ltd. is the owner of several Company common stock warrants for the purchase of shares of our Common Stock, which warrants are exercisable at such company’s discretion, subject to the following limitation on amount. The warrant agreements provide that at no time may Golden Properties, Ltd. or its affiliates exercise any warrant that would result in their ownership of more than 9.99% of the issued and outstanding shares of our Common Stock on the date of exercise. Additionally, as of December 31, 2018 Alexander Lau, who is a principal of Golden Properties and a beneficial owner through Golden Properties, is a holder of 5,913 Series A Preferred shares and 177,400 Class A Common shares. Accordingly, Golden Properties, Ltd. is presently deemed the beneficial owner of 2,122,878 shares of our Common Stock pursuant to Securities and Exchange Commission Rule 13d-3, promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The full number of shares that Golden Properties' beneficially owns (including all shares underlying all the warrants owned by Golden Properties and excluding those Series A Preferred shares owned by Alexander Lau stated above) is 5,017,006 shares.

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Table of Contents

Name

Number of Shares of

Series A Preferred

Stock Beneficially

Owned (4)

Percent of Series A Preferred Stock Owned (5)

Common Stock Beneficially

Owned (6)

Percent of Common Stock Beneficially Owned (7)

Officers and Directors

Mark C. Jensen, (8) Chief Executive Officer, Director

158,045 32.80 % 5,316,994 27.45 %

Thomas M. Sauve, (9) President, Director

136,014 28.23 % 4,336,010 22.99 %

Kirk P. Taylor, Chief Financial Officer

48,612 10.09 % 1,620,383 8.37 %

Tarlis R. Thompson, Chief Operating Officer

4,895 01h02 % 163,170 0.84 %

All Directors and Officers as a Group (4 persons)

347,566 69.09 % 11,552,851 59.65 %

5% Holders

Gregory Q. Jensen

48,612 10.09 % 1,620,383 8.37 %

Adam B. Jensen

48,612 10.09 % 1,620,383 8.37 %

All Directors, Officers and 5% Holders as a Group (5 persons)

444,790 89.27 % 14,793,617 84.57 %

(4)

A person is deemed to be the beneficial owner of securities that can be acquired by such a person within 60 days from December 31, 2018, upon exercise of options, warrants or convertible securities. Each beneficial owner’s percentage ownership is determined by assuming that options, warrants and convertible securities that are held by such a person (but not those held by any other person) and are exercisable within 60 days from that date have been exercised;

(5)

Based on 481,780 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock outstanding as of December 31, 2018. These percentages have been rounded for convenience;

(6)

Assuming the Series A Preferred Stock is converted to Class A Common Stock and including the Class A Common Stock owned by each respective person;

(7)

Based on 17,763,469 Class A Common Stock outstanding as of December 31, 2018. These percentages have been rounded for convenience;

(8)

Mr. Jensen beneficially owns 5,934 shares of our Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and 178,017 Class A Common Stock through his equity ownership in T Squared Partners LP, which shares are included in the table above.

(9)

Mr. Sauve beneficially owns 3,876 shares of our Series A Convertible Preferred Stock and 116,294 Class A Common Stock through his equity ownership in T Squared Partners LP, which shares are included in the table above.

45
Table of Contents

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence.

Transactions with Related Persons, Promoters and Certain Control Persons.

On June 12, 2015, the Company executed a consulting agreement with an entity with common ownership. During 2018 and 2017, the Company incurred fees totaling $0 and $0 relating to services rendered under this agreement. The amount outstanding and payable as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, was $0 and $17,840,615, respectively. The amount is due on demand and does not accrue interest. On May 25, 2018, the related party agreed to terminate the agreement and extinguish the entire $17,840,615 payable.

During 2015, equipment purchasing was paid by an affiliate resulting in a note payable. The balance of the note was $74,000 as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

On January 1, 2016, the Company awarded stock options for 827,862 shares in exchange for consulting efforts to an entity with common ownership. 636,830 and 0 stock options were awarded to related parties during 2018 or 2017, respectively.

On April 30, 2017, the Company purchased $250,000 of secured debt that had been owed to that party, by an operating subsidiary of a related party. As a result of the transaction, the Company is now the creditor on the notes. The first note in the amount of $150,000 is dated March 13, 2013, carries an interest rate of 12% and was due on September 13, 2015. The second note in the amount of $100,000 is dated July 17, 2013, carries an interest rate of 12% and was due January 17, 2016. Both notes are in default and have been fully impaired due to collectability uncertainty as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

During July 2017 and October 2018, an officer of the Company advanced $50,000 and $13,500, respectively, to the Company. The advance is non-secured, non-interest bearing and due on demand.

During December 2018, an officer of the Company advanced $5,000 to the Company. The advance is non-secured, non-interest bearing and due on demand.

The Company, through its subsidiaries, leases property and mineral from a related entity, LRR. During the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company incurred royalty expense in the amount of $153,673 and $206,169 to a related entity formally consolidated as a variable interest entity. As of December 31, 2018, the Company owed the related entity a total of $474,654 for unpaid royalties and advances. From inception, October 24, 2016, through June 30, 2018, the accounts of LRR were consolidated with the company as a variable interest entity. Due to its ongoing review, on July 1, 2018 management determined that LRR no longer met the requirements of consolidation and the accounts were deconsolidated.

Director Independence.

As of December 31, 2018, we were not listed on a national securities exchange; however, we have elected to use the definition of independence under the Nasdaq listing requirements in determining the independence of our directors and nominees for director. In 2018, our Board undertook a review of director independence, which included a review of each director and director nominee’s responses to questionnaires inquiring about any relationships with us. This review was designed to identify and evaluate any transactions or relationships between a director, or director nominee or any member of his or her immediate family and us, or members of our senior management or other members of our Board, and all relevant facts and circumstances regarding any such transactions or relationships. Based on its review, our Board determined that Messrs. Stephenson, Sadler, and Taplin are independent. Messrs. Jensen and Sauve are not independent under Nasdaq’s independence standards, its audit committee independence standards or compensation committee independence standards.

To the extent required by the trading market on which our shares are listed, we will ensure that the overall composition of our Board complies with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, and the rules thereunder, and the listing requirements of the trading market, including the requirement that one member of the Board qualifies as a “financial expert.”

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services.

2018

2017

Audit fees

$

235,000

$

130,000

Audit related fees

Tax fees

All other fees

46
Table of Contents

PART IV

Item 15. Exhibits, Financial Statement Schedule.

The following exhibits are filed herewith except as otherwise noted. Exhibits referenced in previous filings by the Company with the SEC are incorporated by reference herein.

Exhibit

Number

Leírás

Location Reference

3.1

Articles of Incorporation of Natural Gas Fueling and Conversion Inc.

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the SEC on November 27, 2013.

3.2

Amended and Restated Articles of Incorporation of NGFC Equities Inc.

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s 8k filed on February 25, 2015.

3.3

Articles of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation of NGFC Equities, Inc.

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Form 8-K on February 21, 2017.

3.4

Articles of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation of American Resources Corporation dated March 21, 2017.

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.4 to the Company’s Form 10-Q, filed with the SEC on February 20, 2018.

3.5

Bylaws of Natural Gas Fueling and Conversion Inc.

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1, filed with the SEC on November 27, 2013.

3.6

Bylaws, of NGFC Equities Inc., as amended and restated.

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s 8k filed on February 25, 2015.

3.7

Articles of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation of American Resources Corporation dated November 8, 2018.

Filed as Exhibit 99.1 to the Company’s 8k filed on November 13, 2018, incorporated herein by reference.

3.8

Bylaws of American Resources Corporation, as amended and restated

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.2 to the Company’s 8k filed on November 13, 2018.

4.1

Common Stock Purchase Warrant “B-4” dated October 4, 2017

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s 8k filed on October 11, 2017.

4.2

Common Stock Purchase Warrant “C-1” dated October 4, 2017

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Company’s 8k filed on October 11, 2017.

4.3

Common Stock Purchase Warrant “C-2” dated October 4, 2017

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to the Company’s 8k filed on October 11, 2017.

4.4

Common Stock Purchase Warrant “C-3” dated October 4, 2017

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.4 to the Company’s 8k filed on October 11, 2017.

4.5

Common Stock Purchase Warrant “C-4” dated October 4, 2017

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.5 to the Company’s 8k filed on October 11, 2017.

4.6

Promissory Note for $600,000.00 dated October 4, 2017

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.6 to the Company’s 8k filed on October 11, 2017.

4.7

Promissory Note for $1,674,632.14 dated October 4, 2017

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 4.7 to the Company’s 8k filed on October 11, 2017.

4.8

Loan Agreement for up to $6,500,000 dated December 31, 2018

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to the Company’s 8k filed on January 3, 2019.

4.9

Promissory Note for up to $6,500,000 dated December 31, 2018

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.2 to the Company’s 8k filed on January 3, 2019.

10.1

Secured Promissory Note

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to the Company’s 8k filed on May 15, 2018.

10.2

Security Agreement

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.2 to the Company’s 8k filed on May 15, 2018.

10.3

Pledge Agreement

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.3 to the Company’s 8k filed on May 15, 2018.

10.4

Guaranty Agreement

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.4 to the Company’s 8k filed on May 15, 2018.

10.5

Bill of Sale

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.5 to the Company’s 8k filed on May 15, 2018.

10.6

Sublease Agreement Between Colonial Coal Company, Inc. and McCoy Elkhorn Coal LLC

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to the Company’s 8k filed on May 1, 2018

10.7

Interim Operating Agreement

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.2 to the Company’s 8k filed on May 1, 2018

10.8

Consolidated and Restated Loan and Security Agreement dated October 4, 2017

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s 8k filed on October 11, 2017

10.9

Asset Purchase Agreement between Wyoming County Coal LLC and Thomas Shelton dated November 7, 2018

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.9 to the Company’s registration statement filed on December 11, 2018.

47

Table of Contents

10.10

Asset Purchase Agreement between Wyoming County Coal LLC and Synergy Coal, LLC dated November 7, 2018

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.10 to the Company’s registration statement filed on December 11, 2018.

10.11

Security Agreement

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.3 to the Company’s 8k filed on January 3, 2019.

10.12

Purchase Order

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.4 to the Company’s 8k filed on January 3, 2019.

10.13

Employment Agreement with Mark C. Jensen

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.13 to the Company’s registration statement filed on February 6, 2019.

10h14

Employment Agreement with Thomas M. Sauve

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.14 to the Company’s registration statement filed on February 6, 2019.

10h15

Employment Agreement with Kirk P. Taylor

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.15 to the Company’s registration statement filed on February 6, 2019.

10.16

Employee Stock Option Plan

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.16 to the Company’s registration statement filed on February 6, 2019.

10.17

Letter of Intent

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.17 to the Company’s registration statement filed on February 6, 2019.

10.18

Merger Agreement with Colonial Coal

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.18 to the Company’s registration statement filed on February 14, 2019.

10.19

Share Exchange Agreement to replace Merger Agreement with Colonial Coal

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.19 to the Company’s registration statement filed on February 14, 2019.

14.1

Code of Conduct

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.2 to the Company’s 8k filed on November 13, 2018.

14.2

Financial Code of Ethics

Incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 99.3 to the Company’s 8k filed on November 13, 2018.

31.1

Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

Filed Herewith

31.2

Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

Filed Herewith

32.1

Certification of the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

Filed Herewith

32.2

Certification of the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

Filed Herewith

95.1

Mine Safety Disclosure pursuant to Regulation S-K, Item 104

Filed Herewith.

101.INS

XBRL Instance Document

101.SCH

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document

101.CAL

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document

101.DEF

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document

101.LAB

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document

101.PRE

XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

48
Table of Contents

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

AMERICAN RESOURCES CORPORATION

NAME

TITLE

DATE

/s/ Mark C. Jensen

Principal Executive Officer,

April 2, 2019

Mark C. Jensen

Chief Executive Officer, Chairman of the Board of Directors

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

NAME

TITLE

DATE

/s/ Mark C. Jensen

Principal Executive Officer,

April 2, 2019

Mark C. Jensen

Chief Executive Officer, Chairman of the Board of Directors

/s/ Kirk P. Taylor

Principal Financial Officer, Chief Financial Officer

April 2, 2019

Kirk P. Taylor

/s/ Thomas M. Sauve

Director, President

April 2, 2019

Thomas M. Sauve

/s/ Randal V. Stephenson

Director

April 2, 2019

Randal V. Stephenson

/s/ Ian Sadler

Director

April 2, 2019

Ian Sadler

/s/ Courtenay O. Taplin

Director

April 2, 2019

Courtney O. Taplin

49
Table of Contents

Supplemental Information to be Furnished With Reports Filed Pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act by Registrants

Which Have Not Registered Securities Pursuant to Section 12 of the Act

None.

50
Table of Contents

AMERICAN RESOURCES CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

December 31, 2018 and 2017

51
Table of Contents

AMERICAN RESOURCES CORORATION

CONTENTS

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

To the Shareholders and Board of Directors of

American Resources Corporation

Opinion on the Financial Statements

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of American Resources Corporation and its subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders’ deficit, and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes (collectively referred to as the “financial statements”). In our opinion, the financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the years then ended, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Going Concern Matter

The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, the Company has suffered recurring losses from operations and has a net capital deficiency that raises substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern. Management's plans in regard to these matters are also described in Note 1. The financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

Basis for Opinion

These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) ("PCAOB") and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company's internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures that respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

/s/ MaloneBailey, LLP

www.malonebailey.com

We have served as the Company's auditor since 2017.

Houston, Texas

April 2, 2019

AMERICAN RESOURCES CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

December 31,

2018

2017

ASSETS

CURRENT ASSETS

Cash

$ 2,293,107

$ 186,722

Követelések

1,338,680

1,870,562

Leltár

163,800

615,096

Prepaid

147,826

Accounts Receivable – Other

319,548

30,021

Total Current Assets

4,262,961

2,702,401

OTHER ASSETS

Cash – restricted

411,692

198,943

Processing and rail facility

11,630,171

2,634,775

Underground equipment

8,717,229

7,253,148

Surface equipment

3,101,518

2,831,395

Mine development

14,907,068

Less Accumulated Depreciation

(6,691,259

)

(3,750,901 )

Land

907,193

178,683

Accounts Receivable – Other

127,718

Note Receivable

4,117,139

4,117,139

Total Other Assets

37,100,751

13,590,900

TOTAL ASSETS

$

41,363,712

$ 16,293,301

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT

CURRENT LIABILITIES

Accounts payable

$

8,139,662

$ 5,360,537

Accrued management fee

17,840,615

Accounts payable – related party

474,654

Accrued interest

1,118,736

336,570

Funds held for others

79,662

82,828

Due to affiliate

124,000

124,000

Current portion of long term-debt (net of unamortized discount of $134,296 and $35,000)

14,169,139

9,645,154

Current portion of reclamation liability

2,327,169

2,033,862

Total Current Liabilities

26,433,022

35,423,566

OTHER LIABILITIES

Long-term portion of note payable (net of issuance costs $428,699 and $440,333)

7,918,872

5,081,688

Reclamation liability

16,211,640

12,953,273

Total Other Liabilities

24,130,512

18,034,961

Total Liabilities

50,563,534

53,458,527

STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT

AREC – Class A Common stock: $.0001 par value; 230,000,000 shares

authorized, 17,763,469 and 892,044 shares issued and outstanding for the period end

1,776

89

AREC – Series A Preferred stock: $.0001 par value; 481,780 shares authorized, 4,817,792 shares issued and outstanding

48

482

AREC – Series B Preferred stock: $.001 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized, 0 and 850,000 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

850

AREC – Series C Preferred stock: $.001 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized, 50,000 shares issued and outstanding

5

Additional paid-in capital

42,913,532

1,527,254

Accumulated deficit

(52,115,183

)

(39,091,757 )

Total American Resources Corporation Shareholders' Equity

(9,199,822

)

(37,563,082 )

Non controlling interest

397,856

Total Stockholders' Deficit

(9,199,822

)

(37,165,226 )

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' DEFICIT

$ 41,363,712

$ 16,293,301

The accompanying footnotes are integral to the consolidated financial statements

F-2
Table of Contents

AMERICAN RESOURCES CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

Years ended December 31,

2018

2017

Coal Sales

$ 31,204,181

$ 19,231,249

Processing Services Income

320,644

1,589,749

Total Revenue

31,524,825

20,820,998

Cost of Coal Sales and Processing

(24,992,312 )

(16,344,567 )

Accretion Expense

(1,366,322 )

(978,660 )

Gain on reclamation settlement

146,175

Gain on disposal of asset

807,591

Depreciation

(2,461,557 )

(2,083,332 )

Amortization of mining rights

(478,801 )

General and Administrative

(6,176,350 )

(1,378,111 )

Professional Fees

(1,363,250 )

(694,366 )

Production Taxes and Royalties

(3,175,294 )

(4,974,013 )

Impairment Loss from notes receivable from related party

(250,000 )

Development Costs

(3,815,235 )

(6,850,062 )

Total Expenses from Operations

(43,021,530 )

(33,406,936 )

Net Loss from Operations

(11,496,705 )

(12,585,938 )

Other Income

466,808

343,100

Gain on cancelation of Debt

68,010

Amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs

(670,601 )

(477,056 )

Interest Income

164,166

298,721

Receipt of previously impaired receivables

387,427

Érdeklődés

(1,288,990 )

(558,772 )

Net Loss

(12,757,312 )

(12,592,518 )

Less:  Preferred dividend requirement

(114,850 )

(53,157 )

Less:  Net income attributable to Non Controlling Interest

(151,264 )

(343,099 )

Net loss attributable to American Resources Corporation Shareholders

$ (13,023,426 )

$ (12,988,774 )

Net loss per share – basic and diluted

$ (3.69 )

$ (16.39 )

Weighted average shares outstanding

3,513,513

792,391

The accompanying footnotes are integral to the consolidated financial statements

F-3
Table of Contents

AMERICAN RESOURCES CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGESS STOCKHOLDERS OF DEFICIT

FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018 AND 2017

Additional

Non-

Common

Common

Preferred

Preferred

Preferred

Preferred

Preferred

Preferred

Paid-In

Retained

Controlling

Shares

Stock

A Shares

A Stock

B Shares

B Stock

C Shares

C Stock

Capital

Earnings

Érdeklődés

Total

Balance January 1, 2017

$ 4,817,792 $ 482 $ $ $ 88,193 (26,156,140 ) 54,757 (26,012,708 )

Recapitalization

845,377 85 (85 )

Sale of Preferred Series B Stock

850,000 850 849,150 850,000

Conversion of Debt

33,334 3 49,997 50,000

Beneficial conversion feature

50,000 50,000

Issuance of shares to consultant

13,333 1 9,999 10,000

Stock-based compensation

40,000 40,000

Relative fair value debt discount

on warrants issued

440,000 440,000

Net loss

(12,935,617 ) 343,099 (12,592,518 )

Balance December 31, 2017

892,044 $ 89 4,817,792 $ 482 850,000 $ 850 $ $ 1,527,254 (39,091,757 ) 397,856 (37,165,226 )

F-4
Table of Contents

Common

Common

Preferred

Preferred

Preferred

Preferred

Preferred

Preferred

Additional

Paid-In

Retained

Non-Controlling

Shares

Stock

A Shares

A Stock

B Shares

B Stock

C Shares

C Stock

Capital

Earnings

Érdeklődés

Total

Balance January 1, 2018

892,044

89

4,817,792

482

850,000

850

1,527,254

(39,091,757 )

397,856

(37,165,226 )

Forgiveness of accrued management fee

17,840,615

17,840,615

Issuance of shares to consultants

310,000

31

482,469

482,500

Issuance of options to consultants

236,594

236,594

Stock-based compensation

63,126

63,126

Asset acquisition using common shares

1,727,273

173

22,091,688

22,091,861

Conversion of payables to common shares

43,500

4

507,986

507,990

Conversion of Series A Preferred shares to common

14,453,373

1,445

(4,336,012 )

(434 )

(1,011 )

Conversion of Series B Preferred shares to common

267,859

27

(850,000 )

(850 )

114,823

114,000

Sale of 50,000 Series C Preferred shares

50,000

5

49,995

50,000

Option exercise

69,420

7

(7 )

Series B Preferred Dividend

(114,850

)

(114,850

)

Deconsolidation of variable interest entity

(549,120 )

(549,120 )

Net Loss

(12,908,576

)

151,264

(12,757,312

)

Balance December 31, 2018

17,763,469

1,776

481,780

48

50,000

5

42,913,532

(52,115,183

)

(9,199,822

)

The accompanying footnotes are integral to the consolidated financial statements

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AMERICAN RESOURCES CORPORATION

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

2018

2017

Cash Flows from Operating activities:

Net loss

$ (12,757,312 )

$ (12,592,518 )

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash

Depreciation

2,461,557

2,083,332

Amortization of mining rights

478,801

Accretion expense

1,366,322

978,660

Gain on disposition

(807,591 )

Forgiveness of debt

(68,010 )

Gain on reclamation settlements

(146,175 )

Assumption of note payable in reverse merger

50,000

Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs

670,601

477,056

Impairment (recovery) of advances receivable

(74,887 )

(387,427 )

Impairment of related party note receivable

250,000

Stock compensation expense

782,220

50,000

Change in current assets and liabilities:

Accounts receivable

531,882

882,637

Prepaid expenses and other assets

(147,826 )

Leltár

451,296

(615,096 )

Restricted cash used to pay interest expense

14,981

Accounts payable

2,493,749

3,096,351

Account payable related party

474,654

Funds held for others

(3,166 )

Accrued interest

782,166

213,625

Cash used in operating activities

(3,365,544 )

(5,644,574 )

Cash Flows from Investing activities:

Note receivable

Restricted cash used to pay down debt

65,604

Advances made in connection with management agreement

(99,582

)

(77,800 )

Advance repayment in connection with management agreement

222,304

625,227

Cash paid for PPE, net

(133,363 )

(173,432 )

Cash received from acquisitions, net of $0 and $100 cash paid

Cash provided by investing activities

(10,641 )

439,599

Cash Flows from Financing activities:

Principal payments on long term debt

(2,309,571 )

(392,002 )

Proceeds from long term debt (net of issuance costs $0 and $460,795)

8,431,965

4,440,000

Proceeds from related party

18,500

50,000

Net (payments) proceeds from factoring agreement

(495,575

)

(32,985 )

Proceeds series B preferred stock

600,000

Proceeds series C preferred stock

50,000

Cash provided by financing activities

5,695,319

4,665,013

Increase(decrease) in cash

2,319,134

(539,962 )

Cash, beginning of year

385,665

925,627

Cash, end of year

$ 2,704,799

$ 385,665

Supplemental Information

Assumption of net assets and liabilities for asset acquisitions

$ 24,490,282

$

Equipment for notes payable

$ 906,660

$ 1,419,650

Management fee forgiven

$ 17,840,615

$

Purchase of related party note receivable in exchange for Series B Equity

$

$ 250,000

Affiliate note for equipment

$

$

Conversion of note payable to common stock

$ 261,000

$ 50,000

Beneficial conversion feature on note payable

$

$ 50,000

Relative fair value debt discount on warrant issue

$

$ 440,000

Conversion of trade payable to equity

$ 76,740

$

Cashless exercise of options into common shares

$ 7

$

Conversion of Preferred Series A Shares to common shares

$ 1,445

$

Conversion and settlement of Preferred Series B Shares and dividends to common shares

$ 114,000

$

Preferred Series B Shares accrued interest

$ 114,850

$

Cash paid for interest

$ 506,826

$ 345,147

Cash paid for income tax

$

$

The accompanying footnotes are integral to the consolidated financial statements

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AMERICAN RESOURCES CORPORATION

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

December 31, 2018 and 2017

NOTE 1 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

American Resources Corporation (ARC or the Company) operates through subsidiaries that were acquired in 2018, 2016 and 2015 for the purpose of acquiring, rehabilitating and operating various natural resource assets including coal, oil and natural gas.

Basis of Presentation and Consolidation:

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries Quest Energy Inc (QEI), Deane Mining, LLC (Deane), Quest Processing LLC (Quest Processing), ERC Mining Indiana Corp (ERC), McCoy Elkhorn Coal LLC (McCoy), Knott County Coal LLC (KCC) and Wyoming County Coal (WCC).  All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

On January 5, 2017, QEI entered into a share exchange agreement with NGFC Equities, Inc (NGFC).  Under the agreement, the shareholders of QEI exchanged 100% of its common stock to NGFC for 4,817,792 newly created Series A Preferred shares that is convertible into approximately 95% of outstanding common stock of NGFC.    The previous NGFC shareholders retained 845,377 common shares as part of the agreement.  The conditions to the agreement were fully satisfied on February 7, 2017, at which time the Company took full control of NGFC.  NGFC has been renamed to American Resources Corporation ARC.  The transaction was accounted for as a recapitalization.  QEI was the accounting acquirer and ARC will continue the business operations of QEI, therefore, the historical financial statements presented are those of QEI and its subsidiaries.  The equity and share information reflect the results of the recapitalization.  On May 15, 2017 ARC initiated a one-for-thirty reverse stock split.  The financial statements have been retrospectively restated to give effect to this split.

Entities for which ownership is less than 100% a determination is made whether there is a requirement to apply the variable interest entity (VIE) model to the entity.  Where the company holds current or potential rights that give it the power to direct the activities of a VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance, combined with a variable interest that gives the Company the right to receive potentially significant benefits or the obligation to absorb potentially significant losses, the Company would be deemed to have a controlling interest.

The company is the primary beneficiary of ERC Mining, LLC, which qualifies as a variable interest entity.  Accordingly, the assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses of ERC Mining, LLC have been included in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.  The company has no ownership in ERC Mining, LLC. Determination of the company as the primary beneficiary is based on the power through its management functions to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of ERC Mining, LLC.  On March 18, 2016, the company lent ERC Mining, LLC $4,117,139 to facilitate the transaction described in Note 5, which represent amounts that could be significant to ERC. No further support has been provided.  The company has ongoing involvement in the management of ERC Mining, LLC to ensure their fulfillment of the transaction described in Note 5.

The company was the primary beneficiary of Land Resources & Royalties LLC (LRR) which qualifies as a variable interest entity. Accordingly, the assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses of Land Resources & Royalties have been included in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.  The company has no ownership in LRR.  Determination of the company as the primary beneficiary is based on the power through its management functions to direct the activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of LRR. On October 24, 2016, the company issued LRR a note in the amount of $178,683 to facilitate the transaction described in Note 5, which represent amounts that could be significant to LRR.  No further support has been provided.  The company has ongoing involvement in the management of LRR to ensure their fulfillment of the transaction.  As of July 1, 2018, the accounts of Land Resources & Royalties, LLC have been deconsolidated from the financial statements based upon the ongoing review of its status as a variable interest entity.

Deane was formed in November 2007 for the purpose of operating underground coal mines and coal processing facilities. Deane was acquired on December 31, 2015 and as such no operations are presented prior to the acquisition date.

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Quest Processing was formed in November 2014 for the purpose of operating coal processing facilities and had no operations before March 8, 2016.

ERC was formed in April 2015 for the purpose managing an underground coal mine and coal processing facility.  Operations commenced in June 2015.

McCoy was formed in February 2016 for the purpose of operating underground coal mines and coal processing facilities.  McCoy was acquired on February 17, 2016 and as such no operations are presented prior to the acquisition date.

KCC was formed in September 2004 for the purpose of operating underground coal mines and coal processing facilities.  KCC was acquired on April 14, 2016 and as such no operations are presented prior to the acquisition date.  On August 23, 2018, KCC disposed of certain non-operating assets totaling $111,567 and the corresponding asset retirement obligation totaling $919,158 which resulted in a gain of $807,591.

WCC was formed in October 2018 for the purpose of acquiring and operating underground and surface coal mine and a coal processing facility.  No operations were undergoing at the time of formation or acquisition.

On April 21, 2018, McCoy acquired certain assets known as the PointRock Mine (PointRock) in exchange for assuming certain liabilities of the seller. The fair values of the liabilities assumed were $53,771 for prior vendors and $2,624,961 for asset retirement obligation totaling $2,678,732. The liabilities assumed do not require fair value readjustments. In addition, McCoy entered into a surface and mineral sub-lease in the amount of up to $4,000,000 to be paid only upon coal extraction at $2 per extracted ton of coal. McCoy will also pay a portion of the sales price as a royalty with an annual minimum payment of $60,000 starting in January 2019. The acquired assets have an anticipated life of 5 years. Capitalized mining rights will be amortized based on productive activities over the anticipated life of 5 years. Amortization expense for the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 amounted to $462,640 and $0, respectively. The assets will be measured for impairment when an event occurs that questions the realization of the recorded value.

The assets acquired of PointRock do not represent a business as defined in FASB AS 805-10-20 due to their classification as a single asset. Accordingly, the assets acquired are initially recognized at the consideration paid, which was the liabilities assumed, including direct acquisition costs, of which there were none. The cost is allocated to the group of assets acquired based on their relative fair value. The assets acquired and liabilities assumed of PointRock were as follows at the purchase date:

Assets

Mining Rights

$ 2,678,732

Liabilities

Vendor Payables

$ 53,771

Asset Retirement Obligation

$ 2,624,961

On May 10, 2018, KCC acquired certain assets known as the Wayland Surface Mine (Wayland) in exchange for assuming certain liabilities of the seller. The fair values of the liabilities assumed were $66,129 for asset retirement obligation. The liabilities assumed do not require fair value readjustments. In addition, KCC entered into a royalty agreement with the seller to be paid only upon coal extraction in the amount of $1.50 per extracted ton of coal. The acquired assets have an anticipated life of 7 years. Capitalized mining rights will be amortized based on productive activities over the anticipated life of 7 years. Amortization expense for the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 amounted to $4,134 and $0, respectively. The assets will be measured for impairment when an event occurs that questions the realization of the recorded value.

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The assets acquired of Wayland do not represent a business as defined in FASB AS 805-10-20 due to their classification as a single asset. Accordingly, the assets acquired are initially recognized at the consideration paid, which was the liabilities assumed, including direct acquisition costs, of which there were none. The cost is allocated to the group of assets acquired based on their relative fair value. The assets acquired and liabilities assumed of Wayland were as follows at the purchase date:

Assets

Mining Rights

$ 66,129

Liabilities

Asset Retirement Obligation

$ 66,129

On November 7, 2018, Wyoming County Coal LLC, acquired 5 permits, coal processing and loading facilities, surface ownership, mineral ownership, and coal refuse storage facilities from unrelated entities. Consideration for the acquired assets was the assumption of reclamation bonds totaling $234,240, 1,727,273 shares of common stock of the company, a seller note of $350,000 and a seller note of $250,000.

Assets

Note Receivable

$ 234,240

Land

$ 907,196

Coal Refuse Storage

$ 11,993,827

Processing and Loading Facility

$ 9,790,841

Liabilities

Notes Payable

$ 600,000

Asset Retirement Obligation

$ 234,240

Going Concern: The Company has suffered recurring losses from operations and currently a working capital deficit.  These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.  We plan to generate profits by expanding current coal operations as well as developing new coal operations.  However, we will need to raise the funds required to do so through sale of our securities or through loans from third parties.  We do not have any commitments or arrangements from any person to provide us with any additional capital.  If additional financing is not available when needed, we may need to cease operations.  We may not be successful in raising the capital needed to expand or develop operations.  Management believes that actions presently being taken to obtain additional funding provide the opportunity for the Company to continue as a going concern.  The accompanying financial statements have been prepared assuming the Company will continue as a going concern; no adjustments to the financial statements have been made to account for this uncertainty.

Estimates: Management uses estimates and assumptions in preparing financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.  Those estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities.  Actual results could vary from those estimates.

Convertible Preferred Securities: We account for hybrid contracts that feature conversion options in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging Activities (“ASC 815”) requires companies to bifurcate conversion options from their host instruments and account for them as free standing derivative financial instruments according to certain criteria. The criteria includes circumstances in which (a) the economic characteristics and risks of the embedded derivative instrument are not clearly and closely related to the economic characteristics and risks of the host contract, (b) the hybrid instrument that embodies both the embedded derivative instrument and the host contract is not re-measured at fair value under otherwise applicable generally accepted accounting principles with changes in fair value reported in earnings as they occur and (c) a separate instrument with the same terms as the embedded derivative instrument would be considered a derivative instrument.

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We also follow ASC 480-10, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (“ASC 480-10”) in its evaluation of the accounting for a hybrid instrument. A financial instrument that embodies an unconditional obligation, or a financial instrument other than an outstanding share that embodies a conditional obligation, that the issuer must or may settle by issuing a variable number of its equity shares shall be classified as a liability (or an asset in some circumstances) if, at inception, the monetary value of the obligation is based solely or predominantly on any one of the following: (a) a fixed monetary amount known at inception; (b) variations in something other than the fair value of the issuer’s equity shares; or (c) variations inversely related to changes in the fair value of the issuer’s equity shares. Hybrid instruments meeting these criteria are not further evaluated for any embedded derivatives, and are carried as a liability at fair value at each balance sheet date with remeasurements reported in interest expense in the accompanying Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Related Party Policies: In accordance with FASB ASC 850 related parties are defined as either an executive, director or nominee, greater than 10% beneficial owner, or an immediate family member of any of the proceeding. Transactions with related parties are reviewed and approved by the directors of the Company, as per internal policies.

Advance Royalties: Coal leases that require minimum annual or advance payments and are recoverable from future production are generally deferred and charged to expense as the coal is subsequently produced.

Cash is maintained in bank deposit accounts which, at times, may exceed federally insured limits.  To date, there have been no losses in such accounts.

Restricted cash: As part of the Kentucky New Markets Development Program an asset management fee reserve was set up in the amount of $116,115.  The funds are held to pay annual asset management fees to an unrelated party through 2021.  The balance as of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was $58,246 and $116,115, respectively. A lender of the Company also required a reserve account to be established.  The balance as of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017 was $273,783 and $0, respectively. The total balance of restricted cash also includes amounts held under the management agreement in the amount of $79,662 and $82,828, as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.  See note 5 for terms of the management agreement.

The following table sets forth a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash reported in the consolidated balance sheet that agrees to the total of those amounts as presented in the consolidated statement of cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

31 décembre 2018

31 décembre 2017

Cash

$ 2,293,107

$ 186,722

Restricted Cash

411,692

198,943

Total cash and restricted cash presented in the consolidated statement of cash flows

$ 2,704,799

$ 385,665

Concentration: As of December 31, 2018 and 2017 89% and 70% of revenue came from four and three customers, respectively.  As of December 31, 2018 and 2017, 99% and 100% of outstanding accounts receivable came from two and three customers, respectively.

Coal Property and Equipment are recorded at cost.  For equipment, depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets, generally ranging from three to seven years.  Amortization of the equipment under capital lease is included with depreciation expense.

Property and equipment and amortizable intangible assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable.  Recoverability is measured by comparison of the carrying amount to the future net undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the related assets.  If these assets are determined to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the fair market value of the assets.

Costs related to maintenance and repairs which do not prolong the asset’s useful life are expensed as incurred.

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Mine Development: Costs of developing new coal mines, including asset retirement obligation assets, are capitalized and amortized using the units-of-production method over estimated coal deposits or proven reserves.  Costs incurred for development and expansion of existing reserves are expensed as incurred.

Asset Retirement Obligations (ARO) – Reclamation: At the time they are incurred, legal obligations associated with the retirement of long-lived assets are reflected at their estimated fair value, with a corresponding charge to mine development. Obligations are typically incurred when we commence development of underground and surface mines, and include reclamation of support facilities, refuse areas and slurry ponds or through acquisitions.

Obligations are reflected at the present value of their future cash flows. We reflect accretion of the obligations for the period from the date they incurred through the date they are extinguished. The asset retirement obligation assets are amortized based on expected reclamation outflows over estimated recoverable coal deposit lives. We are using a discount rates ranging from 6.16% to 7.22%, risk free rates ranging from 1.76%% to 2.92% and inflation rate of 2%. Federal and State laws require that mines be reclaimed in accordance with specific standards and approved reclamation plans, as outlined in mining permits. Activities include reclamation of pit and support acreage at surface mines, sealing portals at underground mines, and reclamation of refuse areas and slurry ponds.

We assess our ARO at least annually and reflect revisions for permit changes, change in our estimated reclamation costs and changes in the estimated timing of such costs.  During 2018 and 2017, $0 and $146,175 were incurred for gain loss on settlement on ARO.

The table below reflects the changes to our ARO:

2018

2017

Beginning Balance

$ 14,987,135

$ 13,895,167

Accretion

1,366,322

978,660

Reclamation work

(32,867 )

Gain on Reclamation Work

146,175

Dispositions

(919,158 )

Wayland Acquisition

66,129

PointRock Acquisition

2,624,961

Razorblade Mine Development

168,380

WCC Acquisition

234,240

Ending Balance

$ 18,528,009

$ 14,987,135

Current portion of reclamation liability

$ 2,327,169

$ 2,033,862

Long-term portion of reclamation liability

$ 16,211,640

$ 12,953,273

Income Taxes include U.S. federal and state income taxes currently payable and deferred income taxes.  Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax basis.  Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.  The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the period of enactment.  Deferred income tax expense represents the change during the year in the deferred tax assets and liabilities.  Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when, in the opinion of management, it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax asset will not be realized.

The Company filed an initial tax return in 2015. Management believes that the Company’s income tax filing positions will be sustained on audit and does not anticipate any adjustments that will result in a material change. Therefore, no reserve for uncertain income tax positions has been recorded. The Company’s policy for recording interest and penalties, if any, associated with income tax examinations will be to record such items as a component of income taxes.

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Revenue Recognition: Up until December 31, 2017, the Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 605 when the terms of the contract have been satisfied; generally, this occurs when delivery has been rendered, the fee is fixed or determinable, and collectability is reasonably assured. Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration we expect to receive in exchange for transferring goods or providing services.

The Company adopted and recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 606 as of January 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective approach. The Company concluded that the adoption did not change the timing at which the Company historically recognized revenue nor did it have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

For periods prior to January 1, 2018, revenue was recognized when the following criteria had been met: (i) persuasive evidence of an arrangement existed; (ii) the price to the buyer was fixed or determinable; (iii) delivery had occurred; and (iv) collectability was reasonably assured. Delivery is considered to have occurred at the time title and risk of loss transfers to the customer. For coal shipments to domestic and international customers via rail, delivery occurs when the railcar is loaded.

For periods subsequent to January 1, 2018, revenue is recognized when performance obligations under the terms of a contract with our customers are satisfied; for all contracts this occurs when control of the promised goods have been transferred to our customers. For coal shipments to domestic and international customers via rail, control is transferred when the railcar is loaded.

Our revenue is comprised of sales of mined coal and services for processing coal. All of the activity is undertaken in eastern Kentucky.

Revenue from coal processing and loading are recognized when services have been performed according to the contract in place.

Our coal sales generally include 10 to 30-day payment terms following the transfer of control of the goods to the customer. We typically do not include extended payment terms in our contracts with customers.

Leases: Leases are reviewed by management based on the provisions of ASC 840 and examined to see if they are required to be categorized as an operating lease, a capital lease or a financing transaction.

The Company leases certain equipment and other assets under noncancelable operating leases, typically with initial terms of 3 to 7 years. Minimum rent on operating leases is expensed on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. In addition to minimum rental payments, certain leases require additional payments based on sales volume, as well as reimbursement of real estate taxes, which are expensed when incurred. Capital leases are recorded at the present value of the future minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease. The gross amount of assets recorded under capital lease amounted to $333,875, all of which is classified as surface equipment.

Loan Issuance Costs and Discounts are amortized using the effective interest method. Amortization expense amounted to $670,601 and $477,056 as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Amortization expense for the next five years is expected to be approximately $19,000, annually.

Allowance For Doubtful Accounts: The Company recognizes an allowance for losses on trade and other accounts receivable in an amount equal to the estimated probable losses net of recoveries. The allowance is based on an analysis of historical bad debt experience, current receivables aging and expected future write-offs, as well as an assessment of specific identifiable amounts considered at risk or uncollectible.

Allowance for trade receivables as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 amounted to $0 and $0, respectively. Allowance for other accounts receivables as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 amounted to $0 and $92,573, respectively.

Trade and loan receivables are carried at amortized cost, net of allowance for losses. Amortized cost approximated book value as of December 31, 2018 and 2017.

Inventory: Inventory consisting of mined coal is stated at the lower of cost (first in, first out method) or net realizable value.

Stock-based Compensation: Stock-based compensation is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award and is recognized as expense over the applicable vesting period of the stock award (generally 0 to 5 years) using the straight-line method.  Stock compensation to employees is accounted for under ASC 718 and stock compensation to non-employees is accounted for under 2018-07 which was adopted on July 1 2018 and ASC 505 for periods before July 1, 2018.

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Earnings Per Share: The Company’s basic earnings per share (EPS) amounts have been computed based on the average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the period and include the effect of any participating securities as appropriate. Diluted EPS includes the effect of the Company’s outstanding stock options, restricted stock awards, restricted stock units and performance-based stock awards if the inclusion of these items is dilutive.

For the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company had 5,545,202 and 5,364,230 outstanding stock warrants, respectively.  For the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company had 681,830 and 0 outstanding stock options, respectively.  For the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company had 481,780 and 4,817,792 shares of Series A Preferred Stock, respectively, that has the ability to convert at any time into 1,605,934 and 16,059,307 shares of common stock, respectively.  For the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company had 0 and 903,157 shares of Series B Preferred Stock, respectively, that has the ability to convert at any time into 0 and 250,877 shares of common stock, respectively.  For the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company had 636,830 and 0 restrictive stock awards, restricted stock units, or performance-based awards.

Reclassifications: Reclassifications have been made to conform with current year presentation.

New Accounting Pronouncements: Management has determined that the impact of the following recent FASB pronouncements will not have a material impact on the financial statements.

· ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). Topic 606 supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Topic 605 and requires entities to recognize revenues when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to customers at an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The Company’s primary source of revenue is from the sale of coal through both short-term and long-term contracts with utilities, industrial customers and steel producers whereby revenue is currently recognized when risk of loss has passed to the customer. During the fourth quarter of 2017, the Company finalized its assessment related to the new standard by analyzing certain contracts representative of the majority of the Company’s coal sales and determined that the timing of revenue recognition related to the Company’s coal sales will remain consistent between the new standard and the previous standard. The Company also reviewed other sources of revenue, and concluded the current basis of accounting for these items is in accordance with the new standard. The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 effective January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method, and there was no cumulative adjustment to retained earnings.

· ASU 2016-01, Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities, effective for years beginning after December 15, 2017

· ASU 2016-02, Lízing, effective for years beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2019 using the modified retrospective approach. The Company has concluded that the adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations.

· ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows: Restricted Cash, effective beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2018, and has concluded that the adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations.

· ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations, effective beginning after December 15, 2017. The Company adopted this standard on January 1, 2018 and has concluded that the adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position and results of operations.

· AUS 2017-09, Compensation – Stock Compensation, effective beginning after December 31, 2017

· ASU 2017-11, Earnings Per Share, effective beginning after December 15, 2018

· ASU 2018-05, Income Taxes, effective beginning after December 15, 2017. We expect to adopt ASU 2018-05 beginning January 1, 2018 and are in the process of assessing the impact that this new guidance is expected to have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

· ASU 2018-07, Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718), effective beginning after December 15, 2018 was adopted on July 1, 2018 and the standard did not have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements or related disclosures.

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NOTE 2 – PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

At December 31, 2018 and 2017, property and equipment were comprised of the following:

2018

2017

Processing and rail facility

$

11,630,171

$

2,634,775

Underground equipment

8,717,229

7,253,148

Surface equipment

3,101,518

2,831,395

Mine development

14,907,068

Land

907,193

178,683

Less: Accumulated depreciation

(6,691,259

)

(3,750,901

)

Total Property and Equipment, Net

$

32,571,920

$

9,147,100

Depreciation expense amounted to $2,461,557 and $2,083,332 for the years of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Amortization of mining rights amounted to $478,801 and $0 for the years of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

The estimated useful lives are as follows:

Processing and Rail Facilities

7-20 years

Surface Equipment

7 év

Underground Equipment

5 év

Mine Development

5-10 years

NOTE 3 – NOTES PAYABLE

During the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, principal payments on long term debt totaled $2,309,571 and $392,002, respectively. During the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, new debt issuances totaled $8,431,965 and $5,909,650, respectively, primarily from $6,925,305 of development and working capital loans and $1,506,660 of equipment loans in 2018 and primarily from $4,490,000 of working capital loans and $1,419,650 of equipment loans in 2017. During the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, net (payments) and proceeds from our factoring agreement totaled $(495,576) and $(32,985), respectively.

During the year ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, discounts on debt issued amounted to $709,500 and $490,000, respectively related to the Sales financing arrangement discussed below and the note payable discussed further in note 3. During 2018 and 2017, $670,601 and $455,000 was amortized into expense with $88,685 and $35,000 remaining as unamortized discount., respectively.

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Long-term debt consisted of the following at December 31, 2018 and 2017:

2018

2017

Equipment Loans – QEI

Note payable to an unrelated company in monthly installments of $2,064, with interest at 8.75%, through maturity in March 2019, when the note is due in full. The note is secured by equipment and a personal guarantee by an officer of the Company.

$ 4,627

$ 30,962

Note payable to an unrelated company in monthly installments of $1,468, With interest at 6.95%, through maturity in March 2021, when the note is due in full.  The note is secured by equipment and a personal guarantee by an officer of the Company.

35,683

57,290

On September 8, 2017, Quest entered into an equipment purchase agreement with an unaffiliated entity, Inc. to purchase certain underground mining equipment for $600,000. The note carries 0% interest and is due April 1, 2019. The agreement provided for $80,000 paid upon execution, $30,000 monthly payments until the balance is paid in full. The note is secured by the equipment purchased.

280,000

460,000

On October 19, 2017, Quest entered into an equipment financing agreement with an unaffiliated entity, Inc. to purchase certain surface equipment for $90,400. The agreement calls for monthly payments until maturity of October 19, 2019 and interest of 9.95%. The note is secured by the equipment purchased.

66,324

88,297

On October 20, 2017, Quest entered into an equipment financing agreement with an unaffiliated entity, Inc. to purchase certain surface equipment for $50,250. The agreement calls for monthly payments until maturity of October 20, 2019 and interest of 10.60%. The note is secured by the equipment purchased

31,105

51,320

On December 7, 2017, Quest entered into an equipment financing agreement with an unaffiliated entity, to purchase certain surface equipment for $56,900. The agreement calls for an interest rate of 8.522%, monthly payments until maturity of January 7, 2021. The note is secured by the equipment purchased.

39,838

56,900

On January 25, 2018, QEI entered into an equipment loan agreement with an unrelated party in the amount of $346,660. The agreement calls for monthly payments of $11,360 until maturity date of December 24, 2020 and carries an interest rate of 9%. The loan is secured by the underlying surface equipment purchased by the loan. Loan proceeds were used directly to purchase equipment.

235,983

On May 9, 2018, QEI entered into a loan agreement with an unrelated party in the amount of $1,000,000 with a maturity date of September 24, 2018 with monthly payments of $250,000 due beginning June 15, 2018. The note is secured by the assets and equity of the company and carries an interest rate of 0%. Proceeds of the note were split between receipt of $575,000 cash and $425,000 payment for new equipment. No payments have been made on the note which is in default. The note is secured by the equipment purchased by the note and a personal guarantee of an officer. .

1,000,000

Business Loan – ARC

On October 4, 2017, ARC entered into a consolidated loan agreement with an unaffiliated entity. $7,165,000 has been advanced under the note. The agreement calls for interest of 7% and with all outstanding amounts due on demand. The note is secured by all assets of Quest and subsidiaries. In conjunction with the loan, warrants for up to 5,017,006 common shares were issued at an exercise price ranging from $.01 to $11.44 per share and with an expiration date of October 2, 2020. The loan consolidation was treated as a loan modification for accounting purposes giving rise to a discount of $140,000. The discount was amortized over the life of the loan with $105,000 included as interest expense and $35,000 included as a note discount as of December 31, 2017. And $35,000 included as interest expense and $0 included as a note discount as of December 31, 2018. The note is secured by all assets of the Company.

6,819,632

4,444,632

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Customer Loan Agreement – ARC

On December 31, 2018, the Company entered into a loan agreement with an unrelated party.  The loan is for an amount up to $6,500,000 of which $3,000,000 was advanced on December 31, 2018 and $2,000,000 was advanced on February 1, 2019.  The promissory agreement carries interest at 5% annual interest rate and payments of principal and interest shall be repaid at a per-ton rate of coal sold to the lender.  The outstanding amount of the note has a maturity of April 1, 2020.  The note is secured by all assets of the Company. Loan issuance costs totaled $41,000 as of December 31, 2018.

$ 3,000,000

Sales Financing Arrangement ARC

During May 2018, the company entered into a financing arrangement with two unrelated parties. The notes totaled $2,859,500, carried an original issue discount of $752,535, interest rate of 33% and have a maturity date of January 2019 and are secured by future receivables as well as personal guarantees of two officers of the company. As of December 31, 2018, unamortized original issue discount totaled $88,685 and unamortized loan issuance costs totaled $4,611.

1,646,151

Equipment Loans – ERC

Equipment lease payable to an unrelated company in 48 equal payments of $771 with an interest rate of 5.25% with a balloon payment at maturity of July 31, 2019. The note is secured by equipment and a corporate guarantee from Quest Energy Inc. The equipment is being utilized as part of the management agreement referred to in Note 6. Therefore, the title of the assets are not held with ERC and there is a corresponding receivable due for the payment of this note.

23,352

27,288

Equipment lease payable to an unrelated company in 48 equal payments of $3,304 with an interest rate of 5.25% with a balloon payment at maturity of July 31, 2019. The note is secured by equipment and a corporate guarantee from Quest Energy Inc. The equipment is being utilized as part of the management agreement referred to in Note 6. Therefore, the title of the assets are not held with ERC and there is a corresponding receivable due for the payment of this note.

89,419

128,254

Equipment lease payable to an unrelated company in 48 equal payments of $2,031 with an interest rate of 5.25% with a balloon payment at maturity of August 13, 2019. The note is secured by equipment and a corporate guarantee from Quest Energy Inc. The equipment is being utilized as part of the management agreement referred to in Note 6. Therefore, the title of the assets are not held with ERC and there is a corresponding receivable due for the payment of this note.

29,554

36,890

Equipment Loans – McCoy

Equipment note payable to an unrelated company, with monthly payments of $150,000 in September 2016, October 2016, November 2016 and a final payment of $315,000 due in December 2016. The note carried 0% interest. $315,000 of this note was forgiven during May 2018, which was recorded as gain on cancelation of debt. The remaining balance of $225,000 was converted to equity. See note 8. The note was secured by the equipment purchased with the note.

540,000

On May 2, 2017, Quest entered into an equipment purchase agreement with an unaffiliated entity, Inc. to purchase certain underground mining equipment for $250,000 which carries 0% interest. Full payment was due September 12, 2017, and the note is in default. The note is secured by the equipment purchased with the note.

87,500

135,000

On June 12, 2017, Quest entered into an equipment purchase Agreement, which carried interest at 0% with an unaffiliated entity, Inc. to purchase certain underground mining equipment for $22,500. Full payment was due September 12, 2017, and the note is in default. The note is secured by the equipment purchased with the note.

22,500

22,500

On September 25, 2017, Quest entered into an equipment purchase Agreement, which carries 0% interest with an unaffiliated entity, Inc. to purchase certain underground mining equipment for $350,000. The agreement provided for $20,000 monthly payments until the balance is paid in full. The note matures on September 25, 2019, and the note is in default. The note is secured by the equipment purchased with the note.

308,000

330,000

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Business Loans – McCoy

Business loan agreement with Crestmark Bank in the amount of $200,000, with monthly payments of 23,000, with an interest rate of 12%, through maturity in January 1, 2018. The note was secured by a corporate guaranty by the Company and a personal guaranty.

66,667

Seller Note – Deane

Deane Mining – promissory note payable to an unrelated company, with monthly interest payments of $10,000, at an interest rate of 6%, beginning June 30, 2016. The note is due December 31, 2017 and is unsecured. No payments have been made on the note and no extensions have been entered into subsequent to December 31, 2017, resulting in the note being in default.

2,000,000 2,000,000

Seller Note – Wyoming County

In conjunction with the asset acquisition, $600,000 promissory note payable to an unrelated company. See note 1. $350,000 is due on demand and the remaining $250,000 will be paid with monthly payments based on $1 per ton of coal to originate from the assets acquired, commencing November 1, 2019. $150,000 was paid in January 2019. The note is due on May 7, 2019, is unsecured and carries interest at 0%.

600,000

Accounts Receivable Factoring Agreement

McCoy, Deane and Knott County secured accounts receivable note payable to a bank. The agreement calls for interest of .30% for each 10 days of outstanding balances. The advance is secured by the accounts receivable, corporate guaranty by the Company and personal guarantees by two officers of the Company. The agreement ends in October 2019

1,087,413 1,582,989

Kentucky New Markets Development Program

Quest Processing – loan payable to Community Venture Investment XV, LLC, with interest only payments due quarterly until March 2023, at which time quarterly principal and interest payments are due. The note bears interest at 3.698554% and is due March 7, 2046. The loan is secured by all equipment and accounts of Quest Processing. See Note 5.

4,117,139 4,117,139

Quest Processing – loan payable to Community Venture Investment XV, LLC, with interest only payments due quarterly until March 2023, at which time quarterly principal and interest payments are due. The note bears interest at 3.698554% and is due March 7, 2046. The loan is secured by all equipment and accounts of Quest Processing. See Note 5.

1,026,047 1,026,047

Less: Debt Discounts and Loan Issuance Costs

(428,699 ) (475,333 )

Affiliate Notes

Notes payable to affiliate, due on demand with no interest and is uncollateralized. Equipment purchasing was paid by an affiliate resulting in the note payable.

$ 74,000 $ 74,000

During July 2017, an officer of the Company advanced $50,000 to Quest. During October 2018, the same officer advanced $13,500 to American Resources. The advances are unsecured, non interest bearing and due on demand.

63,500 50,000

During December 2018, an officer of the Company advanced $5,000 to Quest. The advance is unsecured, non interest bearing and due on demand.

5,000

22,212,011

14,850,842

Less: Current maturities

14,293,139

9,769,154

Total Long-term Debt

$

7,918,872

$ 5,081,688
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Total interest expense was $1,288,990 in 2018 and $558,772 in 2017.

Future minimum principal payments, interest payments and payments on capital leases are as follows:

Payable In

Loan Principal

Lease Principal

Total Loan and Lease Principal

Lease Interest

2019

14,262,436

142,325

14,404,761

3,722

2020

3,137,219

3,137,219

2021

53,535

53,535

2022

2023

Thereafter

5,093,074

5,093,074

NOTE 4 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

On June 12, 2015, the Company executed a consulting agreement with an entity with common ownership.  During prior years, the Company incurred fees totaling $17,840,615 relating to services rendered under this agreement.  The amount outstanding and payable as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, was $0 and $17,840,615, respectively. The amount is due on demand and does not accrue interest.  The amounts under the agreement were cancelled and forgiven on May 31, 2018. The forgiveness was accounted for as an increase in additional paid in capital.

During 2015, equipment purchasing was paid by an affiliate resulting in a note payable.  The balance of the note was $74,000 as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

On April 30, 2017, the Company purchased $250,000 of secured debt that had been owed to that party, by an operating subsidiary of a related party.  As a result of the transaction, the Company is now the creditor on the notes.  The first note in the amount of $150,000 is dated March 13, 2013, carries an interest rate of 12% and was due on September 13, 2015.  The second note in the amount of $100,000 is dated July 17, 2013, carries an interest rate of 12% and was due January 17, 2016.  Both notes are in default and have been fully impaired due to collectability uncertainty. (see Note 3)

During July 2017, an officer of the Company advanced $50,000 to Quest. The advance is unsecured, non interest bearing and due on demand. During October 2018, the same officer advanced $13,500 under the same terms. (see Note 3)

During December 2018, an officer of the Company advanced $5,000 to American Resources.  The advance is unsecured, non interest bearing and due on demand.  (see Note 3)

On October 24, 2016, the Company sold certain mineral and land interests to a subsidiary of an entity, LRR,  owned by members of the Company’s management.  LRR leases various parcels of land to QEI and engages in other activities creating miscellaneous income.  The consideration for the transaction was a note in the amount of $178,683.  The note bears no interest and is due in 2026.  As of January 28, 2017, the note was paid in full.  From October 24, 2016. this transaction was eliminated upon consolidation as a variable interest entity.  As of July 1, 2018, the accounts of Land Resources & Royalties, LLC have been deconsolidated from the financial statements based upon the ongoing review of its status as a variable interest entity.  As of December 31, 2018, amounts owed to LRR totaled $474,654.

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NOTE 5 – KENTUCKY NEW MARKETS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

On March 18, 2016, Quest Processing entered into two loans under the Kentucky New Markets Development Program for a total of $5,143,186.  Quest Processing paid $460,795 of debt issuance costs resulting in net proceeds of $4,682,391.  See note 3.  The Company retains the right to call $5,143,186 of the loans in March 2023.  State of Kentucky income tax credits were generated for the lender which the Company has guaranteed over their statutory life of seven years in the event the credits are recaptured or reduced.  At the time of the transaction, the income tax credits were valued at $2,005,843.  The Company has not established a liability in connection with the guarantee because it believes the likelihood of recapture or reduction is remote.

On March 18, 2016, ERC Mining LLC, an entity consolidated as a VIE, lent $4,117,139 to an unaffiliated entity, as part of the Kentucky New Markets Development Program loans.  The note bears interest at 4% and is due March 7, 2046. The balance as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 was $4,117,139 and $4,117,139, respectively. Payments of interest only are due quarterly until March 18, 2023 at which time quarterly principal and interest are due.  The note is collateralized by the equity interests of the borrower.

The Company’s management also manages the operations of ERC Mining LLC.  ERC Mining LLC has assets totaling $4,415,860 and liabilities totaling $4,117,139 as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, for which there are to be used in conjunction with the transaction described above.  Assets totaling $3,654,772 and $3,818,418 and liabilities totaling $4,117,139 and $4,117,139, respectively, are eliminated upon consolidation as of December 31, 2018 and 2017.  The Company’s risk associated with ERC Mining LLC is greater than its ownership percentage and its involvement does not affect the Company’s business beyond the relationship described above.

NOTE 6 – MANAGEMENT AGREEMENT

On April 13, 2015, ERC entered into a mining and management agreement with an unrelated entity, to operate a coal mining and processing facility in Jasonville, Indiana. The agreement called for a monthly base fee of $20,000 in addition to certain per ton fees based on performance to be paid to ERC. Fees earned totaled $440,000 and $240,000 for 2018 and 2017, respectively, which have been fully reserved. The agreement called for equipment payments to be made by the entity. As of December 31, 2018 and 2017 amounts owed from the entity to ERC for equipment payments amounted to $0 and $192,432, respectively.

During 2018, ERC had advances of $48,611 and repayments of $197,419 of amounts previously advanced.  During 2017, ERC had advances of $77,800 and repayments of $625,227 of amounts previously advanced.  The advances are unsecured, non-interest bearing and due upon demand.  Of the amounts received in 2017, $387,427 was the collection of a previously impaired amount.

As part of the agreement, ERC retained the administrative rights to the underlying mining permit and reclamation liability.  The entity has the right within the agreement to take the mining permits and reclamation liability at any time.  In addition, all operational activity that takes place on the facility is the responsibility of the entity.  ERC acts as a fiduciary and as such has recorded cash held for the entity’s benefit as both an asset and an offsetting liability amounting to $79,662 and $82,828 respectively as of December 31, 2018 and 2017.

NOTE 7 – INCOME TAXES

Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes.  The primary temporary differences that give rise to the deferred tax assets and liabilities are as follows: accrued expenses.

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Deferred tax assets consisted of $2,027,765 and $2,227,849 at December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, which was fully reserved. Deferred tax assets consist of net operating loss carryforwards in the amount of $2,027,765 and $2,227,849 at December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively, which was fully reserved. The net operating loss carryforwards for years 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 begin to expire in 2035. The application of net operating loss carryforwards are subject to certain limitations as provided for in the tax code. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act was signed into law on December 22, 2017, and reduced the corporate income tax rate from 34% to 21%. The Company’s deferred tax assets, liabilities, and valuation allowance have been adjusted to reflect the impact of the new tax law.

The Company’s effective income tax rate is lower than what would be expected if the U.S. federal statutory rate (21%) were applied to income before income taxes primarily due to certain expenses being deductible for tax purposes but not for financial reporting purposes.  The Company files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various state jurisdictions. All years are open to examination as of December 31, 2018.

NOTE 8 – EQUITY TRANSACTIONS

As of December 31, 2018, the following describes the various types of the Company’s securities:

Common Stock

Voting Rights. Holders of shares of common stock are entitled to one vote per share held of record on all matters to be voted upon by the stockholders. The holders of common stock do not have cumulative voting rights in the election of directors.

Dividend Rights. Holders of shares of our common stock are entitled to ratably receive dividends when and if declared by our board of directors out of funds legally available for that purpose, subject to any statutory or contractual restrictions on the payment of dividends and to any prior rights and preferences that may be applicable to any outstanding preferred stock. Please read “Dividend Policy.”

Liquidation Rights. Upon our liquidation, dissolution, distribution of assets or other winding up, the holders of common stock are entitled to receive ratably the assets available for distribution to the stockholders after payment of liabilities and the liquidation preference of any of our outstanding shares of preferred stock.

Other Matters. The shares of common stock have no preemptive or conversion rights and are not subject to further calls or assessment by us. There are no redemption or sinking fund provisions applicable to the common stock. All outstanding shares of our common stock, are fully paid and non-assessable.

Series A Preferred Stock

Our certificate of incorporation authorizes our board of directors, subject to any limitations prescribed by law, without further stockholder approval, to establish and to issue from time to time our Series A Preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share, covering up to an aggregate of 5,000,000 shares of Series A Preferred stock. The Series A Preferred stock will cover the number of shares and will have the powers, preferences, rights, qualifications, limitations and restrictions determined by the board of directors, which may include, among others, dividend rights, liquidation preferences, voting rights, conversion rights, preemptive rights and redemption rights. Except as provided by law or in a preferred stock designation, the holders of preferred stock will not be entitled to vote at or receive notice of any meeting of stockholders. As of the date of this filing, no shares of Series A Preferred stock are outstanding. See “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management” for more detail on the Series A Preferred stock holders.

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Voting Rights. Holders of Series A Preferred shares are entitled to three hundred and thirty three and one-third (333 (1/3)) votes, on an “as-converted” basis, per each Series A Preferred share held of record on all matters to be voted upon by the stockholders.

Dividend Rights. The holders of the Series A Preferred stock are not entitled to receive dividends.

Conversion Rights. The holders of the Series A Preferred stock are entitled to convert into common shares, at the holder’s discretion, at a rate of one Series A Preferred share for three and one-third Common shares. Any fractional common shares created by the conversion is rounded to the nearest whole common share.

Liquidation Rights. Upon our liquidation, dissolution, distribution of assets or other winding up, the holders of the Series A Preferred shares shall be entitled to receive in preference to the holders of the Common Stock a per share amount equal to $1.65 per share.

Anti-Dilution Protections. The Series A Preferred stock shall have full anti-dilution protection until March 1, 2020, such that, when the sum of the shares of the common stock plus the Series A Convertible stock that are held by the Series A Preferred stock holders as of the date of the Articles of Amendment are summed (the sum of which is defined as the “Series A Holdings”, and the group defined as the “Series A Holders”), the Series A Holdings held by the Series A Holders shall be convertible into, and/or equal to, no less than Seventy-Two Percent (72.0%) of the fully-diluted common stock outstanding of the company (inclusive of all outstanding “in-the-money” options and warrants). Any amount that is less than Seventy-Two Percent (72.0%) shall be adjusted to Seventy-Two Percent (72.0%) through the immediate issuance of additional common stock to the Series A Holders to cure the deficiency, which shall be issued proportionally to each respective Series A Holder’s share in the Series A Holdings at the time of the adjustment. This anti-dilution protection shall include the effect of any security, note, common stock equivalents, or any other derivative instruments or liability issued or outstanding during the anti-dilution period that could potential cause dilution during the anti-dilution period or in the future.

As of February 14, 2019, all Series A Preferred stock has been converted into Common shares of the company.

Series B Preferred Stock

Our certificate of incorporation authorizes our board of directors, subject to any limitations prescribed by law, without further stockholder approval, to establish and to issue from time to time our Series B Preferred stock, par value $0.001 per share, covering up to an aggregate of 20,000,000 shares of Series B Preferred stock. The Series B Preferred stock will cover the number of shares and will have the powers, preferences, rights, qualifications, limitations and restrictions determined by the board of directors, which may include, among others, dividend rights, liquidation preferences, voting rights, conversion rights, preemptive rights and redemption rights. Except as provided by law or in a preferred stock designation, the holders of preferred stock will not be entitled to vote at or receive notice of any meeting of stockholders. As of the date of this filing, no shares of Series B Preferred stock are outstanding. See “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management” for more detail on the Series B Preferred stock holders.

Voting Rights. The holders of Series B Preferred shares have no voting rights.

Dividend Rights. The holders of the Series B Preferred shall accrue a dividend based on an 8.0% annual percentage rate, compounded quarterly in arrears, for any Series B Preferred stock that is outstanding at the end of such prior quarter.

Conversion Rights. The holders of the Series B Preferred stock are entitled to convert into common shares, at the holder’s discretion, at a conversion price of Three Dollars and Sixty Cents ($3.60) per share of common stock, subject to certain price adjustments found in the Series B Preferred stock purchase agreements.

Liquidation Rights. Upon our liquidation, dissolution, distribution of assets or other winding up, the holders of Series B Preferred shares shall have a liquidation preference to the Series A Preferred and Common shares at an amount equal to the holders’ investment in the Series B Preferred stock.

Series C Preferred Stock

Our certificate of incorporation authorizes our board of directors, subject to any limitations prescribed by law, without further stockholder approval, to establish and to issue from time to time our Series C Preferred stock, par value $0.0001 per share, covering up to an aggregate of 20,000,000 shares of Series C Preferred stock. The Series C Preferred stock will cover the number of shares and will have the powers, preferences, rights, qualifications, limitations and restrictions determined by the board of directors, which may include, among others, dividend rights, liquidation preferences, voting rights, conversion rights, preemptive rights and redemption rights. Except as provided by law or in a preferred stock designation, the holders of preferred stock will not be entitled to vote at or receive notice of any meeting of stockholders. As of the date of this filing, no shares of Series C Preferred stock are outstanding. See “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management” for more detail on the Series C Preferred stock holders.

Voting Rights. The holders of Series C Preferred shares are entitled to vote on an "as-converted" basis of one share of Series C Preferred Stock voting one vote of common stock.

Dividend Rights. The holders of the Series C Preferred shall accrue a dividend based on an 10.0% annual percentage rate, compounded annually in arrears, for any Series C Preferred stock that is outstanding at the end of such prior year.

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Conversion Rights. The holders of the Series C Preferred stock are entitled to convert into common shares, at the holder’s discretion, at a conversion price of Six Dollars ($6.00) per share of common stock, subject to certain price adjustments found in the Series C Preferred stock purchase agreements. Should the company complete an equity offering (including any offering convertible into equity of the Company) of greater than Five Million Dollars ($5,000,000) (the “Underwritten Offering”), then the Series C Preferred stock shall be automatically and without notice convertible into Common Stock of the company concurrently with the subsequent Underwritten Offering at the same per share offering price of the Underwritten Offering. If the Underwritten Offering occurs within twelve months of the issuance of the Series C Preferred stock to the holder, the annual dividend of 10.0% shall become immediately accrued to the balance of the Series C Preferred stock and converted into the Underwritten Offering.

Liquidation Rights. Upon our liquidation, dissolution, distribution of assets or other winding up, the holders of Series C Preferred shares shall have a liquidation preference to the Common shares at an amount equal to $1.00 per share.

As of February 21, 2019, all Series C Preferred stock has been converted into Common shares of the company.

A 2016 Stock Incentive Plan (2016 Plan) was approved by the Board during January 2016.  The Company may grant up to 6,363,225 shares of Series A Preferred stock under the 2016 Plan.  The 2016 Plan is administered by the Board of Directors, which has substantial discretion to determine persons, amounts, time, price, exercise terms, and restrictions of the grants, if any.  The options issued under the 2016 Plan vest upon issuance.

A new 2018 Stock Option Plan (2018 Plan) was approved by the Board on July 1, 2018.  The Company may grant up to 4,000,000 shares of common stock under the 2018 Plan.  The 2018 Plan is administered by the Board of Directors, which has substantial discretion to determine persons, amounts, time, price, vesting schedules, exercise terms, and restrictions of the grants, if any.  On September 12, 2018, the Board issued a total of 636,830 options to four employees of the Company under the 2018 Plan.  The options have an expiration date of September 10, 2025 and have an exercise price of $1.00 per share. Of the total options issued, 25,000 vested immediately, with the balance of 611,830 options vesting equally over the course of three years, subject to restrictions regarding the employee’s continued employment by the Company.

On May 10, 2017, the Company issued warrants amounting to 8,334 common shares to a board member.  The options expire May 9, 2020 and have an exercise price of $3.60 and vest immediately.  An expense in the amount of $40,000 was recognized for this issuance.

The Company had a note payable in the amount of $50,000 which was assumed as part of the share exchange agreement and accounted for as an expense in the recapitalization transaction.  On February 22, 2017, the Company modified the note to add a conversion option with a price of $1.50.  The conversion option was beneficial, therefore, the Company recognized $50,000 as a discount to the assumed note payable.  The note was immediately converted, resulting in the issuance of 33,334 shares and the full amortization of the discount.

On March 7, 2017, the Company closed a private placement whereby it issued an aggregate of 500,000 shares of ARC’s Series B Preferred Stock at a purchase price of $1.00 per Series B Preferred share, and warrants to purchase an aggregate of 208,334 shares of the ARC’s common stock (subject to certain adjustments), for proceeds to ARC of $500,000 (the “March 2017 Private Placement”). After deducting for fees and expenses, the aggregate net proceeds from the sale of the preferred series B shares and the warrants in the March 2017 Private Placement were approximately $500,000. The ‘A’ warrants totaling 138,889 shares expire March 6, 2020 and hold an exercise price of $7.20 per share. The ‘A-1’ warrants totaling 69,445 shares expire March 6, 2020 and hold an exercise price of $.03 per share.

On April 2, 2017, American Resources Corporation closed a private placement whereby it issued an aggregate of 100,000 shares of the ARC’s Series B Preferred Stock at a purchase price of $1.00 per Series B Preferred share, and warrants to purchase an aggregate of 27,778 shares of the ARC’s common stock (subject to certain adjustments), for proceeds to ARC of $100,000 (the “April 2017 Private Placement”).  After deducting for fees and expenses, the aggregate net proceeds from the sale of the series B preferred shares and the warrants in the April 2017 Private Placement were approximately $100,000.  The ‘A’ warrants totaling 27,778 shares expire April 2, 2019 and hold an exercise price of $7.20 per share.

On April 30, 2017, American Resources Corporation closed on a private placement agreement whereby it issued an aggregate of 250,000 shares of the ARC’s Series B Preferred Stock and A warrants amounting to 69,445 to an unrelated party for the purchase of $250,000 of secured debt that had been owed to that party, by an operating subsidiary of a related party.  As a result of the transaction, the Company is now the creditor on the notes.  The first note in the amount of $150,000 is dated March 13, 2013, carries an interest rate of 12% and was due on September 13, 2015.  The second note in the amount of $100,000 is dated July 17, 2013, carries an interest rate of 12% and was due January 17, 2016.  Both notes are in default and were impaired in 2017.  The A warrants totaling 69,445 shares expire April 29, 2019 and hold an exercise price of $7.20 per share.

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The Series B Preferred Stock converts into common stock of the Company at the holder’s discretion at a conversion price of $3.60 per common share (one share of Series B Preferred converts to common at a ratio of 0.27778).  Furthermore, the Series B Preferred share purchase agreement provides for certain adjustments to the conversion value of the Series B Preferred to common shares of the Company that are based on the EBITDA (earning before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization) for the Company for the 12 months ended March 31, 2018 of $6,000,000.  Those adjustments provide for a decrease in the conversion value based on the proportional miss of the Company’s EBITDA, up to a maximum of 30.0% decrease in the conversion value of the Series B Preferred to common shares.

The Series B Preferred share purchase agreement provides for a period of nine months post execution of the purchase agreement for an option for the investor to put the Series B Preferred investment to the Company at a premium to the Series B Preferred purchase price should the Company achieve certain hurdles, such as a secondary offering and an up-listing to a national stock exchange.  Such put option expires after 20 days from notification of the Company to the Series B Preferred investor of the fulfillment of such qualifications.

On October 4, 2017, we entered into a financing transaction with Golden Properties Ltd., a British Columbia company based in Vancouver, Canada (“Golden Properties”) that involved a series of loans made by Golden Properties to the Company. As part of that financing, we issued to Golden Properties the following warrants:

·

Warrant B-4, for the purchase of 3,417,006 shares of common stock at $0.01 per share, as adjusted from time to time, expiring on October 4, 2020, and providing the Company with up to $34,170 in cash proceeds should all the warrants be exercised;

·

Warrant C-1, for the purchase of 400,000 shares of common stock at $3.55 per share, as adjusted from time to time, expiring on October 4, 2019, and providing the Company with up to $1,420,000 in cash proceeds should all the warrants be exercised;

·

Warrant C-2, for the purchase of 400,000 shares of common stock at $7.09 per share, as adjusted from time to time, expiring on October 4, 2019, and providing the Company with up to $2,836,000 in cash proceeds should all the warrants be exercised;

·

Warrant C-3, for the purchase of 400,000 shares of common stock at $8.58 per share, as adjusted from time to time, expiring October 2, 2020, and providing the Company with up to $3,432,000 in cash proceeds should all the warrants be exercised; et

·

Warrant C-4, for the purchase of 400,000 shares of common stock at $11.44 per share, as adjusted from time to time, expiring October 2, 2020, and providing the Company with up to $4,576,000 in cash proceeds should all the warrants be exercised.

As of the date of this annual report, 600,000 shares of Warrant B-4 have been exercised cashlessly and as a result the shareholder received 599,427 shares of common stock as a result of the exercise.

Total stock based compensation expense incurred for awards to employees and directors during 2018 and 2017 was $63,127 and $0, respectively. Fair value was determined using the Black-Sholes Option Pricing Model.

The preferred dividend requirement for 2018 and 2017 amounted to $114,850 and $53,157, respectively.

On July 5, 2017, the Company issued 13,333 common shares and warrants to purchase 33,333 shares to an unrelated consulting company. The aggregate value of the common shares upon issuance totaled $14,733. The warrants had an exercise price of $3.60 with a three-year term. The total compensation expense related to this warrant was $10,000 which was determined using the closing stock price at the date of the grant and the Black-Sholes Option Pricing Model.

On July 18, 2018, the Company issued 150,000 common shares valued at $165,000 to Sylva International LLC for an agreement to provide digital marketing services to the Company. The agreement was subsequently terminated by the Company for breach of contract.

On September 14, 2018, the Company issued 105,000 common shares valued at $152,250 and 175,000 warrants valued at $163,847 to Redstone Communications LLC as compensation for the first six months of an agreement to provide for public relations with existing shareholders, broker dealers, and other investment professionals for the Company. These warrants vest immediately, have an exercise price of $1 and a 5 year term.

On September 14, 2018, the Company issued 45,000 common shares valued at $65,250 and 75,000 warrants valued at $70,220 to Mr. Marlin Molinaro as compensation for the first six months of an agreement to provide for public relations with existing shareholders, broker dealers, and other investment professionals for the Company.  These warrants vest immediately, have an exercise price of $1 and a 5 year term.

On October 24, 2018, warrants totaling 69,420 common shares of the company were exercised by a non-affiliated shareholder. The exercise was a cashless exercise.

On November 5, 2018, 4,336,012 Series A Preferred shares were converted into 14,453,373 common shares of the Company in a cashless conversion.

On November 7, 2018, the Company issued 1,727,276 shares, valued at $22,091,860,as part of the consideration for the acquisition of five permits, coal processing and loading facilities, surface ownership, mineral ownership, and coal refuse storage facilities from unrelated entities by the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Wyoming County Coal LLC.

On November 7, 2018, 964,290 of Series B preferred shares and $0 of accrued dividends were converted into 267,859 common shares of the Company in a cashless conversion.

On November 7, 2018, $36,000 worth of trade payables were settled with 6,000 common shares of the Company, resulting in a loss of $40,740.

On November 8, 2018, the Company's Board of Directors elected to amend its Articles of Incorporation, canceled its Series B Preferred Stock, designated 20,000,000 shares of a newly created Series C Preferred Stock, and amended its Series A Preferred stock for the following key provisions: voting rights of 333(1/3) votes of common stock for each Series A Preferred stock, and anti-dilution protection through March 1, 2020 at no less than 72.0% of the fully-diluted common shares. The newly created Series C Preferred Stock carries the following key provisions: automated conversion to common shares upon the completion of a underwritten equity offering totaling $5,000,000 or more and a paid in kind annual dividend with a 10% annual percentage rate.

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Table of Contents

On November 14, 2018, $225,000 of debt to an unrelated entity, was converted into 37,500 shares of common stock, resulting in a loss of $206,250.

On November 15, 2018, three independent directors were appointed. As compensation for their services, each of the directors were issued a three-year warrant to purchase up to 15,000 common shares of the Company at an exercise price of $6.00 per share, subject to certain price adjustments and other provisions found within the respective warrants. The warrants have a 3 year term, vest immediately ratably over their term and will result in a current expense of $9,488 and a future expense totaling of $113,850 totaling $341,550.

On November 27, 2018, 50,000 shares of Series C preferred shares were sold at $1.00 per share resulting in proceeds of $50,000 for the Company.

Under an agreement dated November 1, the Company, on December 3, 2018, issued 10,000 shares of Class A Common stock and a warrant to purchase 417 shares, valued at $2,527, of the company were issued to an unrelated firm for consulting services under a contract executed on November 1, 2018. The warrant has a strike price of $6.00 per share, has a two-year term, and can be exercised via a cashless exercise by the holder at any time during its term. The agreement also carries the commitment that a cash fee of $10,000 will be payable under the agreement at the time the company closes a financing of greater than $1.0 million. An additional 15,000 shares will be issued on June 1, 2019 if the agreement is still in effect.

2018

2017

Expected Dividend Yield

0

%

0

%

Expected volatility

87.97 – 109

%

13.73

%

Risk-free rate

1.03-2.73

%

1.47-1.62

%

Expected life of warrants

2-5 years

2-3 years

Company Warrants:

Weighted

Weighted

Átlagos

Átlagos

Aggregate

Száma

Exercise

Contractual

Intrinsic

Warrants

Price

Life in Years

Érték

Exercisable – December 31, 2016

Granted

6,343,833

$ 2.317

2.706

$ 174,253

Forfeited or Expired

979,603

$ 0.560

1.997

$ 36,184

Exercised

Outstanding – December 31, 2017

5,364,230

$ 2.638

2.835

$ 138,069

Exercisable (Vested) – December 31, 2017

5,364,230

$ 2.638

2.835

$ 138,069

Granted

250,417

$ 1.008

4.699

$ 2,251,668

Forfeited or Expired

Exercised

69,420

$ 0.003

1.367

$ 194,513

Outstanding – December 31, 2018

5,545,227

$ 2.745

1.704

$ 42,063,228

Exercisable (Vested) – December 31, 2018

5,545,227

$ 2.745

1.704

$ 42,063,228

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Table of Contents

Company Options:

Weighted

Weighted

Átlagos

Átlagos

Aggregate

Száma

Exercise

Contractual

Intrinsic

Options

Price

Life in Years

Érték

Outstanding – December 31, 2017

Exercisable (Vested) – December 31, 2017

Granted

681,830

$ 1.330

6.447

$ 405,000

Forfeited or Expired

Exercised

Outstanding – December 31, 2018

681,830

$ 1.413

6.447

$ 405,000

Exercisable (Vested) – December 31, 2018

70,000

$ 4.214

4.247

$ 405,000

NOTE 9 – CORRECTION OF PRIOR YEAR INFORMATION

During the audit of the Company’s consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company identified an error in the formula used to calculate the initial asset obligation of Deane, McCoy and KCC. The formulaic error initially resulted in the overstated long term assets and long term liabilities for the year ended December 31, 2015, 2016 and 2017. During the year ended December 31, 2016 and 2017, accretion and depreciation expenses were overstated causing an understatement of retained earnings.

This resulted in an adjustment to the previously reported amounts in the financial statements of the Company for the year ended December 31, 2017.  In accordance with the SEC’s Staff Accounting Bulletin Nos. 99 and 108 (SAB 99 and SAB 108), the Company evaluated this error and, based on an analysis of quantitative and qualitative factors, determined that the error was immaterial to the prior reporting periods affected.

However, if the adjustments to correct the cumulative effect of the above error had been recorded in the year ended December 31, 2018, the Company believes the impact would have been significant and would impact comparisons to prior periods. Therefore, as permitted by SAB 108, the Company corrected, in the current filing, previously reported results of the Company as of December 31, 2017.

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Table of Contents

The following table presents the impact of the correction in the financial statements as of December, 31, 2017:

Balance Sheet

As of December 31, 2017

As Previously

Reported

Adjustment

As Restated

Assets

Total Current Assets

$ 2,702,401

$

$ 2,702,401

Cash – restricted

198,943

198,943

Processing and Rail Facility

2,914,422

(279,647 )

2,634,775

Underground Equipment

8,887,045

(1,633,897 )

7,253,148

Surface Equipment

3,957,603

(1,126,208 )

2,831,395

Mining Rights

Less Accumulated Depreciation

(4,820,569 )

1,069,668

(3,750,901 )

Land

178,683

178,683

Accounts Receivable – Other

127,718

127,718

Note Receivable

4,117,139

4,117,139

Total Assets

$ 18,263,385

$ (1,970,084 )

$ 16,293,301

Liabilities and Shareholders' deficit

Total Current Liabilities

$ 35,423,566

$

$ 35,423,566

Long-term portion of note payables

5,081,688

5,081,688

Reclamation liability

$ 17,851,195

(4,897,922 )

12,953,273

Total Liabilities

$ 58,356,449

(4,897,922 )

$ 53,458,527

Class A Common stock

89

89

Series A Preferred stock

482

482

Series B Preferred stock

850

850

Series C Preferred stock

APIC

1,527,254

1,527,254

Accumulated Deficit

(42,019,595 )

2,927,838

(39,091,757 )

Total Equity

(40,490,920 )

2,927,838

(37,563,082 )

Non Controlling Interest

397,856

397,856

Total Liabilities and Equity

18,263,385

$ (1,970,084 )

16,293,301

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Table of Contents

Income Statement

Year Ended December 31, 2017

As Previously

Reported

Adjustment

As Restated

Revenue

Total Revenue

$ 20,820,998

$

$ 20,820,998

Cost of Coal Sales and Processing

(16,344,567 )

(16,344,567 )

Accretion Expense

(1,791,051 )

812,391

(978,660 )

Loss on reclamation settlement

146,175

146,175

Depreciation

(2,557,714 )

474,382

(2,083,332 )

Amortization of mining rights

General and Administrative

(1,378,111 )

(1,378,111 )

Professional Fees

(694,366 )

(694,366 )

Production Taxes and Royalties

(4,974,013 )

(4,974,013 )

Impairment Loss from notes receivable from related party

(250,000 )

(250,000 )

Development Costs

(6,850,062 )

(6,850,062 )

Net Loss from Operations

$ (14,018,886 )

$ 1,432,948

$ (12,585,938 )

Other Income (loss)

(6,580 )

(6,580 )

Net Loss

$ (14,025,466 )

$ 1,432,948

$ (12,592,518 )

Less:  Preferred dividend requirement

(53,157 )

(53,157 )

Less:  Net income attributable to Non Controlling Interest

(343,099 )

(343,099 )

Net loss attributable to American Resources Corporation Shareholders

$ (14,421,722 )

$ 1,432,948

$ (12,988,774 )

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Table of Contents

Statement of Cash Flow

Year Ended December 31, 2017

As Previously

Reported

Adjustment

As Restated

Cash Flows from Operating activities:

Net loss

$ (14,025,466 )

$ 1,432,948

$ (12,592,518 )

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash

Depreciation

2,557,714

(474,382 )

2,083,332

Amortization of mining rights

Accretion expense

1,791,051

(812,391 )

978,660

Gain on disposition

Forgiveness of debt

Loss on reclamation settlements

(146,175 )

(146,175 )

Assumption of note payable in reverse merger

50,000

50,000

Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs

477,056

477,056

Impairment (recovery) of advances receivable

(387,427 )

(387,427 )

Impairment of related party note receivable

250,000

250,000

Stock compensation expense

50,000

50,000

$ (9,237,072 )

$

$ (9,237,072 )

Change in current assets and liabilities

3,592,498

3,592,498

Cash used in operating activities

$ (5,644,574 )

$ (5,644,574 )

Cash provided by investing activities

439,599

439,599

Cash provided by financing activities

4,665,013

4,665,013

(Decrease) in cash

(539,962 )

(539,962 )

Cash, beginning of year

925,627

925,627

Cash, end of year

$ 385,665

$

$ 385,665

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Table of Contents

NOTE 10 – CONTINGENCIES AND COMMITMENTS

In the course of normal operations, the Company is involved in various claims and litigation that management intends to defend.  The range of loss, if any, from potential claims cannot be reasonably estimated.  However, management believes the ultimate resolution of matters will not have a material adverse impact on the Company’s business or financial position.

Should the Company decide to renew the consulting agreement with Redstone Communication, LLC, as compensation for the following six months of engagement (note 8), we will issue to Redstone Communications another five-year warrant option to purchase up to 175,000 common shares of our Company at an exercise price of $1.50 per share, another 105,000 common shares, and a cash payment of $10,000 per month for the second six-month term (with the first two months payable in advance upon renewal of the second term). Furthermore, we will issue to Mr. Marlin Molinaro another five-year warrant option to purchase up to 75,000 common shares of our Company at an exercise price of $1.50 per share and another 45,000 common shares. Should Redstone Communications, LLC and Mr. Molinaro receive and exercise the warrants received under the second six months of engagement, the Company will receive up to $262,500 and $112,500, respectively.

On August 21, 2018, Deane and an unrelated vendor entered into a settlement agreement for past payables. Pursuant to the settlement agreement, Deane will pay the full outstanding unpaid balance in accordance with the agreed to schedule, with the full amount being due on January 3, 2019. Deane is currently in default of this agreement.

KCC is in settlement discussions relating to a reclamation issue while the property was under former ownership. The expected settlement amount is estimated to be $100,000.

The company leases various office space some from an entity which was consolidated as a variable interest entity until June 30, 2018. (see note 5)  The rental lease for the Company’s principal office space expired in December 31, 2018 and is continuing on a month-to-month basis. The future annual rent is $6,000 through 2021. Rent expense for 2018 and 2017 amounted to $36,000 and $26,000 each year, respectively.

NOTE 11 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

On January 16, 2019, an affiliate of the Company converted its remaining 29,051 shares of Series A Preferred into 96,837 common shares

On January 17, 2019, a non-affiliated shareholder partially exercised 300,000 shares of a warrant they held in the Company. The exercise was cashless, and the shareholder received 299,697 shares of common stock as a result of the conversion.

On January 25, 2019, the Company extended its consulting agreement with Redstone Communications, LLC for an additional six-month term, and as a result, we issued 105,000 restricted common shares to Redstone Communications LLC and 45,000 restricted common shares to Mr. Marlin Molinaro, another five-year warrant to purchase up to 175,000 common shares of our Company at an exercise price of $1.50 per share and issued to Mr. Marlin Molinaro another five-year warrant option to purchase up to 75,000 common shares of our Company at an exercise price of $1.50 per share as compensation for the second six months of an agreement. Should Redstone Communications, LLC and Mr. Molinaro receive and exercise the warrants options received under the second six months of engagement, the Company will receive up to $262,500 and $112,500, respectively. These common shares have not been physically issued.

On January 27, 2019, the Company issued 1,000 shares of common shares to an unrelated party for the consideration of $5,000 cash to the Company.

On January 28, 2019, the Company issued a total of 400 shares of common shares to two unrelated parties for the total consideration of $2,000 cash to the Company.

On January 30, 2019, the Company entered into an Investor Relations Agreement with American Capital Ventures, Inc. (“American Capital”) whereby American Capital will provide, among other services, assistance to the Company in planning, reviewing and creating corporate communications, press releases, and presentations and consulting and liaison services to the Company relating to the conception and implementation of its corporate and business development plan. The term of the agreement is six months and American Capital was immediately issued 9,000 shares of common shares as compensation under the agreement.

On February 1, 2019, the Company issued a total of 1,000 shares of common shares to two unrelated parties for the total consideration of $5,000 cash to the Company.

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Table of Contents

On February 4, 2019, the ARC business loan was amended to allow conversion of outstanding amounts to common shares at a price per share of $5,25.

On February 6, 2019, a non-affiliated shareholder partially exercised 300,000 shares of a warrant they held in the Company. The exercise was cashless, and the shareholder received 299,730 shares of common stock as a result of the conversion.

On February 4 through February 8, 2019, the Company issued a total of 17,800 shares of common shares to sixteen unrelated parties for the total consideration of $89,000 cash to the Company.

On February 10, 2019, $3,000 worth of trade payables were settled with 500 common shares of the company.

On February 12, 2019, the Company executed a contract with an unrelated party for the acquisition of stock and assets of entities with non-operating assets consisting of surface and mineral ownership and other related agreements. Consideration is in the form of 2,000,000 common shares, priced at $12.79 per share of common share, as well as $500,000 cash and a promissory note totaling $2,000,000 with a maturity of less than 1 year. The note is secured by a land contract on the acquired property.

On February 14, 2019, 452,729 Series A preferred shares were converted into 1,509,097 common shares of the company in a cashless conversion under the terms of the agreement. This resulted in no more Series A Preferred stock being outstanding as of this date.

On February 20, 2019, the Company issued 1,000,000 shares of Class A Common Stock at a price of $4 per share in conjunction with its effective S-1/A Registration Statement.  Net proceeds to the Company amounted to $3,695,000.  On March 7, 2019, the Company issued an additional 150,000 shares of Class A Common Stock at a price of $4 per share as the over-allotment from the effective A-1/A Registration Statement.  The net proceeds to the company amounted to $558,000.

EXHIBIT 31.1

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

Certification of Principal Executive Officer

I, Mark C. Jensen, certify that:

premier I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-K of American Resources Corporation;
deuxième Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
troisième Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4 The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

(A) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
(B) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
(c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; et
(d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant's fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; et

5 The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

(A) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; et
(B) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

AMERICAN RESOURCES CORPORATION
Date: April 2, 2019 By: /s/: Mark C. Jensen
Mark C. Jensen,
Chief Executive Officer
Principal Executive Officer

EXHIBIT 31.2

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

Certification of Principal Financial Officer and

Principal Accounting Officer

I, Kirk P. Taylor, certify that:

premier

I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-K of American Resources Corporation;

deuxième

Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

troisième

Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4

The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

(A)

Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

(B)

Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

(c)

Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; et

(d)

Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant's fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; et

5

The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

(A)

All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; et

(B)

Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

AMERICAN RESOURCES CORPORATION

Date: April 2, 2019

By:

/s/: Kirk P. Taylor

Kirk P. Taylor,

Chief Financial Officer

Principal Financial Officer

Principal Accounting Officer

EXHIBIT 32.1

Certification of Principal Executive Officer

Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350

In connection with the Quarterly Report of American Resources Corporation, (the “Company”) on Form 10-K for the year ending December 31, 2018 to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on or about the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Mark C. Jensen, Principal Executive Officer of the Company, certify, to my knowledge, pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:

(i)

the accompanying Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; et

(ii)

the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company as of the dates and for the periods covered by the Report.

It is not intended that this statement be deemed to be filed for purposes of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

AMERICAN RESOURCES CORPORATION

Date: April 2, 2019

By:

/s/: Mark C. Jensen

Mark C. Jensen,

Chief Executive Officer

Principal Executive Officer

EXHIBIT 32.2

Certification of Principal Financial Officer

and Principal Accounting Officer

Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350

In connection with the Quarterly Report of American Resources Corporation (the “Company”) on Form 10-K for the year ending December 31, 2018 to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on or about the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Kirk P. Taylor, Principal Financial Officer and Principal Accounting Officer of the Company, certify, to my knowledge, pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, that:

(i) the accompanying Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; et
(ii) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company as of the dates and for the periods covered by the Report.

It is not intended that this statement be deemed to be filed for purposes of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.

AMERICAN RESOURCES CORPORATION
Date: April 2, 2019 By: /s/: Kirk P. Taylor
Kirk P. Taylor,
Chief Financial Officer
Principal Financial Officer

Principal Accounting Officer

EXHIBIT 95.1

Federal Mine Safety and Health Act Information

We work to prevent accidents and occupational illnesses. We have in place health and safety programs that include extensive employee training, safety incentives, drug and alcohol testing and safety audits. The objectives of our health and safety programs are to provide a safe work environment, provide employees with proper training and equipment and implement safety and health rules, policies and programs that foster safety excellence.

Our mining operations are subject to extensive and stringent compliance standards established pursuant to the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 (the “Mine Act”). MSHA monitors and rigorously enforces compliance with these standards, and our mining operations are inspected frequently. Citations and orders are issued by MSHA under Section 104 of the Mine Act for violations of the Mine Act or any mandatory health or safety standard, rule, order or regulation promulgated under the Mine Act.

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (“Dodd-Frank Act”) requires issuers to include in periodic reports filed with the SEC certain information relating to citations or orders for violations of standards under the Mine Act. We present information below regarding certain mining safety and health violations, orders and citations, issued by MSHA and related assessments and legal actions and mine-related fatalities with respect to our active coal mining operations. In evaluating this information, consideration should be given to factors such as: (i) the number of violations, orders and citations will vary depending on the size of the coal mine, (ii) the number of violations, orders and citations issued will vary from inspector to inspector and mine to mine, and (iii) violations, orders and citations can be contested and appealed, and in that process, are often reduced in severity and amount, and are sometimes dismissed.

The following tables include information required by the Dodd-Frank Act for the year ended December 31, 2018. The mine data retrieval system maintained by MSHA may show information that is different than what is provided herein. Any such difference may be attributed to the need to update that information on MSHA’s system and/or other factors.

Mine or Operating Name /

MSHA Identification Number

Section

104(a)

S&S

Citations(1)

Section

104(b)

Orders(2)

Section

104(d)

Citations

et

Orders(3)

Section

110(b)(2)

Violations(4)

Section

107(a)

Orders(5)

Total Dollar

Value of

MSHA

Assessments

Proposed (in thousands)(6)

Active Operations

McCoy Elkhorn Mine #15 / 15-18775

272

3

3

0

0

$ 295.04

McCoy Elkhorn Carnegie 1 Mine / 15-19313

24

0

0

0

0

$ 6.16

McCoy Elkhorn Bevins Branch Preparation Plant / 15-10445

11

0

0

0

0

$ 8.264

McCoy Elkhorn PointRock / 15-07010

1

0

0

0

0

$ 0.2

Deane Mining Access Energy Mine/ 15-19532

97

4

4

0

0

$ 76.31

Deane Mining Mill Creek Preparation Plant / 15-16577

41

2

1

0

0

$ 6.18

Deane Mining Razorblade / 15-19829

18

0

0

0

0

$ 1.4

Knott County Coal Wayland/15-19402

8

2

0

0

0

$ 14.60

Mine or Operating Name / MSHA Identification Number

Total

Number

nak,-nek

Mining

Összefüggő

Fatalities

kapott

Notice of

Pattern of

Violations

Under

Section

104(e)

(yes/no)(7)

Legal

Hozzászólások

Pending

as of Last

Day of

Period

Legal

Hozzászólások

Initiated

During

Period

Legal

Hozzászólások

Resolved

During

Period

Active Operations

McCoy Elkhorn Mine #15 / 15-18775

0

pas

0

0

0

McCoy Elkhorn Carnegie 1 Mine / 15-19313

0

pas

0

0

0

McCoy Elkhorn Bevins Branch Preparation Plant / 15-10445

0

pas

0

0

0

McCoy Elkhorn PointRock / 15-07010

0

pas

0

0

0

Deane Mining Access Energy Mine / 15-19532

0

pas

0

0

0

Deane Mining Mill Creek Preparation Plant / 15-16577

0

pas

0

0

0

Deane Mining Razorblade / 15-19829

0

pas

0

0

0

Knott County Coal Wayland / 15-19402

0

pas

0

0

0

The number of legal actions pending before the Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission as of December 31, 2018 that fall into each of the following categories is as follows:

Mine or Operating Name /

MSHA Identification Number

Contests of

Citations and

Orders

Contests of

Proposed

Penalties

Complaints for

Compensation

Complaints of

Discharge /

Discrimination /

Interference

Applications

for Temporary

Relief

Appeals of

Judge’s Ruling

Active Operations

McCoy Elkhorn Mine #15 / 15-18775

154

154

0

0

0

0

McCoy Elkhorn Carnegie 1 Mine / 15-19313

6

6

0

0

0

0

McCoy Elkhorn Bevins Branch Preparation Plant / 15-10445

3

3

0

0

0

0

McCoy Elkhorn PointRock / 15-07010

0

0

0

0

0

0

Deane Mining Access Energy Mine / 15-19532

99

99

0

0

0

0

Deane Mining Mill Creek Preparation Plant / 15-16577

33

33

0

0

0

0

Deane Mining Razorblade / 15-19829

13

13

0

0

0

0

Knott County Coal Wayland / 15-19402

13

13

0

0

0

0

___________

(1)

Mine Act section 104(a) S&S citations shown above are for alleged violations of mandatory health or safety standards that could significantly and substantially contribute to a coal mine health and safety hazard. It should be noted that, for purposes of this table, S&S citations that are included in another column, such as Section 104(d) citations, are not also included as Section 104(a) S&S citations in this column.

(2)

Mine Act section 104(b) orders are for alleged failures to totally abate a citation within the time period specified in the citation.

(3)

Mine Act section 104(d) citations and orders are for an alleged unwarrantable failure (i.e., aggravated conduct constituting more than ordinary negligence) to comply with mandatory health or safety standards.

(4)

Mine Act section 110(b)(2) violations are for an alleged “flagrant” failure (i.e., reckless or repeated) to make reasonable efforts to eliminate a known violation of a mandatory safety or health standard that substantially and proximately caused, or reasonably could have been expected to cause, death or serious bodily injury.

(5)

Mine Act section 107(a) orders are for alleged conditions or practices which could reasonably be expected to cause death or serious physical harm before such condition or practice can be abated and result in orders of immediate withdrawal from the area of the mine affected by the condition.

(6)

Amounts shown include assessments proposed by MSHA during the year ended December 31, 2018 on all citations and orders, including those citations and orders that are not required to be included within the above chart. This number may differ from actual assessments paid to MSHA as the Company may contest any proposed penalty.

(7)

Mine Act section 104(e) written notices are for an alleged pattern of violations of mandatory health or safety standards that could significantly and substantially contribute to a coal mine safety or health hazard.

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